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SINDH LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

17th February 1949

CONDOLENCE RESOLUTIONS

 This Assembly places on record its sense of profound grief and sorrow at the sad and untimely death of the beloved Father of the Nation, Quaid-i-Azam Mahomed Ali Jinnah. The creation of Pakistan, the biggest Muslim State in the world, is due to his untiring energy, far-recalling vision indomitable courage and honesty of purpose. He was snatched away from our midst at a time when the Nation, being still in its infant state, sorely needed his wise counsel and guidance. This House requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its heart-felt condolences to Miss Fatima Jinnah and other members of the bereaved family.

 

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: The resolution Moved is-

 

“This Assembly places on record its sense of profound grief and sorrow at the sad and untimely death of the beloved Father of the Nation, Quaid-i-Azam Mahomed Ali Jinnah. The creation of Pakistan, the biggest Muslim State in the world, is due to his untiring energy, far-recalling vision indomitable courage and honesty of purpose. He was snatched away from our midst at a time when the Nation, being still in its infant state, sorely needed his wise counsel and guidance. This House requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its heart-felt condolences to Miss Fatima Jinnah and other members of the bereaved family.

 

The Honourable MIR GHULAM ALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, with your permission, I move the second resolution:

“This Assembly places on record its sense of deep sorrow and grief at the death of the late Governor, His Excellency Shaikh Ghulam Husain Hidayatullah. He was a great son of the soil and was the maker of modern Sind. He rendered valuable services to the province of his birth and helped considerably in the establishment of Pakistan. This Assembly requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its sympathies to Lady Hidayatullah and the members of the bereaved family.

 

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Resolution moved is:

“This Assembly places on record its sense of deep sorrow and grief at the death of the late Governor, His Excellency Shaikh Ghulam Husain Hidayatullah. He was a great son of the soil and was the maker of modern Sind. He rendered valuable services to the province of his birth and helped considerably in the establishment of Pakistan. This Assembly requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its sympathies to Lady Hidayatullah and the members of the bereaved family.

 

THE Honourable MIR GHULAM ALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, I move:

“This Assembly places on record its sense of deep sorrow at the sad and untimely death of Honourable Mahomed Azam, the late Minister for Food and Civil supplies. He was a promising member of Sind Government and during his short term of office he displayed administrative ability and strove hard to improve the conditions the masses and to Save the state from the nefarious activities of smugglers. This House further requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its sympathies to Mr. Mahomed Azam and the members of the bereaved family.

 

THE HONOURALE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Resolution moved is:

“This Assembly places on record its sense of deep sorrow at the sad and untimely death of Honourable Mahomed Azam, the late Minister for Food and Civil supplies. He was a promising member of Sind Government and during his short term of office he displayed administrative ability and strove hard to improve the conditions the masses and to Save the state from the nefarious activities of smugglers. This House further requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its sympathies to Mr. Mahomed Azam and the members of the bereaved family.

 

The Honourable MIR GHULAM ALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, it is indeed very sad that on the very first day of our Assembly, we have to start witd three motions of condolences.

Coming to late Quaid-i-Azam Sir in the History of the world, there has not been any precedent in the past where a nation has achieved independence without shedding any drop of blood. In the case of our Pakistan, Sir, it is the reverse. On the night of the 14th we were sleeping as slaves and on the morning of the 15th, we rose as an independent and a free nation. This was entirely due to the untiring efforts and the strong will of our beloved Quaid-i-Azam. Even in the case of India, Sir, they worked very hard, they lost many lives, lives of their many leaders and their beloved, and after much great trouble, they achieved the independence which we over night got without shedding a single drop of blood. Sir, with the creation of Pakistan, we started a new chapter. Not only we started a new chapter, but even the world`s map has been changed. There was nothing before this on the world`s may anything like Pakistan. It is after the creation of Pakistan by our beloved Quaid-i-Azam that today we have got this independent State, the fifth great State in the world, on the map of the world. I think, Sir, we all are proud of it. Not only we, but the entire nation not only the entire nation here in Pakistan, but in Hindustan, as well as other parts of the Muslim world, everybody is proud of it. With the efforts of Quaid-i-Azam, Sir we have been free from the bondage of slavery and are an independent State. We are now on an equal status and position with other Free Nations.

Sir, as the time is short, I would propose to go over to the second resolution. Our late Governor of Sind, Shaikh Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, was born in Sind and was Sindhi by birth. Though he was born at Shikarpur yet, he started his career from Hyderabad (Sind). He was elected, after a very short stay in the legal position, as a Member of the Bombay Legislative Council; and he had not to remain there for long, for after a short while he was taken up as Minister at first and subsequently as Executive Councillor.

Late Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was born with a silver spoon in his month. He was very fortunate from the beginning and up to the time of his death. He was the first Sindhi Governor and died as Governor.

We are really very proud of him. Late Sir Sahib had special love and admiration for me and my political career is largely due to his constant advice and guidance.

With regard to Mr. Mohammed  Azam, he was for only a short time a Minister of this Government and an M.L.A  also. He did not remain with us for along.

But whatever time he remained with us, he was always loyal and faithful to the Government and was ever helpful and remained like a family member with the Government. We all deeply mourn his loss and pray that God may bestow His Mercy on all three departed leaders and grant them peace in Heaven.

With these words I take my seat.

The Honourable SAYED MIRAN MOHAMMED SHAH: Sirusually it is not the practice for any other member of Government to associate himself with what the leader of the House has expressed on behalf of the Government, but I might be permitted to express a few words entirely on personal grounds.

Being one of the members of the Caretaker Government today, in existence, I feel called upon to give vent to my feelings in connection with the sad demise of the very brilliant personalities about whom my colleague has just spoken. My connection with the late Quaid-i-Azam started as far back as a quarter of a century ago, and I may remind all Honourable members that my first source of inspiration was the late Quaid-i-Azam, himself.

While I was associated with the Simon Commission, it was he who inspired me, then an inexperienced member of the Legislature of Bombay, to move in the forum provided by the Parliament in the shapes of the Simon Commission to write e my report for serving the bonds which connected our birth place with Bombay. as we felt that we were under the bondage of the minority that ruled the Bombay Presidency. Through his very wise counsel and guidance and incessant advice and inspiration I was able to make up my mind to write the report for the separation of Sind at Delhi. From time to time, Since then I have had the privilege of coming in very close contact with the late Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah. I was one of those few persons who were summoned to Bombay when he gave us a direction to go and establish Muslim League in Sind and I and Sheikh Abdul Majid called the first meeting for the organisation of the Muslim League in Sind.

Sir, I do not want to expatiate on the subject to which my colleague has done full justice, but I want to add this because I have just returned from an atmosphere of international affairs, namely, the forum of the World Health Conference at Geneva which is the place where the luminaries belonging to that national field conglomerate for the purpose of devising ways and means for the uplift of humanity as a whole. Coming in contact with the representatives of the world from far and near, I could say that they had great admiration and respect for our great leader and they were very sorry that he was snatched away from us by the cruel hand of death at a time when we needed his guidance most.

Sir, the message of the Quaid-i-Azam is with us and I am sure his spirit is pervading over every one of us. If we really allow ourselves to be guided by the message and advice that he has left with us, I am sure we shall reach the goal and achieve the destiny which he laid before us.

Now, Sir as regards the late Shaikh Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, I may tell the Honourable Members that he was the first person who advised me to take the higher education, otherwise possibly I might have been dug up in some place in the Revenue Department of been on my feet at the plough. He was then the president of the Dsitrict Local Board and he encouraged me and gave me scholarship on behalf of the Local Board and induced me to join D. J. Sind College and thus I started my career.

Sir, he was the real son of the soil who has rendered service throughout his life- from the very start when he was the President of the District Local Board till his end when he was the Governor of Sind. We are, Sir very sorry to  lose him, and it is a matter of great grief and sorrow that we have lost in him a real sympathiser and a real guide who was the Father of the Province.

In regard to my colleague the late Mr. Mohammed Azam, he has been taken away from our midst all of a sudden. I may tell you, Sir, that at first we had not centred many hopes around him but when he came into close contact with him and when he worked with us in the cabinet. I saw that he was a man of great ability and there were many qualities in him of head and heart which in the course of time would have disclosed themselves in the shape of formation of policies which would have guided the reins of administration on much more smooth lines because the sincerity of purpose was behind them and we are really very much grieved to see that Death has taken him away from our midst. I fully sympathise with the aggrieved family and I am sure the whole House will agree with the sentiments that I have just now expressed.

KAZI FAZLULLAH: Sir, I rise to associate myself with the resolution of condolences which have been moved by my Honourable friend Mir Ghulam Ali Khan Talpur. Very rich tributes have been universally paid to the Quaid-i-Azam throughout the world and I also want to add my humble homage and tribute to his great memory.

Everybody knows that the Quaid-i-Azam was born in Sind some 72 years ago and our province is really very proud of this fact that it has produced a great towering personality like Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah. He was supreme in every sphere of life in which he entered. He was a very great advocate and everyone knows about his marked ability as an advocate of the High Court of Bombay. He refused many tempting offers of appointment as a judge. I believe he was at the top in his profession at the Bombay Bar and his advice was sought in very important legal cases. He was supreme as a politician and. I think, he was a very shrewd politician and had very few equals anywhere in the world and as far as I can see he had nore to equal him in India. He was a statesman of a very high order. His indomitable courage and perseverance, his sincerity and directness of purpose and is determination were his greatest qualities which made him what he was and which Made him well known international figure of a very great prominence.

 

Sir, Quaid-i-Azam has rendered a great Service to the cause of Musalman of India. In 1937 when congress captured power and the Muslim community was so thoroughly demoralised that everybody thought that Muslims were dead as a political power - the congress thought so and the Englishmen thought so - it was Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah who revived Muslims and put life in them and made us a living nation and carved out a great empire for us - the fifth great empire in the world and the largest Muslim State in the world. It was Quaid-i-Azam alone who could do it There were others also. There were men like Moulana Mohammed Ali who did solid and substantial service to the cause of Muslims, but firmly believe that Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah did a much greater work. He built a great nation he built a great edifice on the foundation laid by Moulana Mohammed Ali and others. Quaid-i-Azam is dead but his mission lives. The ideals of Pakistan is alive the ideal for which he worked is alive. Therefore he is not dead but alive.

 

It is a remarkable coincidence, Sir that this man was born on the 25th of December, the date on which Lord Jesus Christ was born. It is said of the Lord Jesus Christ and the orthodox Muslim believes it that Lord Jesus could bring back the dead to life. Whenever a dead person was brought before him he would say `Qum-ba-iznillah` He used their words and the man would become alive. I think, Mohammed Ali Jinnah had also that great quality of performing the miracle of reviving the dead nation to life. The Muslim nation which was dead, he brought it to life. Therefore I said Jinnah is not dead he is alive. Quaid-i-Azam zindabad.

With regard to the late Shaikh Sahib, Sir, I wholeheartedly associate myself with what my two honourable friends have said. Shaikh Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was a very able and luck politician of Sind who rendered a great service to the cause of his province. I personally feel that no greater service was rendered by anybody to this province than by him In 1930 at the Round Table Conference he worked hard for the separation of Sind and I have read the speech which he made there He said Sind must be separated. Sind has absolutely so administrative connection of political connection or any connection whatsoever with Bombay presidency and, Therefore, Sind must be separated from Bombay I believe that it was the greatest service that he did in the Russell Committee at the Round Table conference and largely his speech was responsible for the separation of our province. As I have submitted, he was a very lucky politician so successful and has been for so long in power.

As for my Honourable friend Mr. Mohammed Azam, I may say that he was a young man coming from a good family which has done great service to the which was inherited by him from his uncle and father. We have lost in him a very promising young man.

With these words, Sir, I take my seat.

Mr. SIRUMAL VISHINDAS: On behalf of my prey I associate myself with the condolence resolution that have been moved by the Honourable the leader of the House. As regards Quaid-i-Azam, Sir, we should at the very out self recognise that he was a great man and men like him are born once in centuries. Jinnahs are not born over and over again and when they are born they come to shape the destinies of the works and to make new happenings, which influence the times to come. Sir, at this time when we pay condolences on the death of Quaid-i-Azam it is our duty to see what were the elements in this character that contributed to his success and made him achieve his object within the short space to hardly seven years. It will be only then that we can try to in calculate these elements in us who seek to follow in his hallowed footprints and only then the tributes now paid will do any good to us. Sir, the first element in this character was that he had tremendous faith in himself. No one in the world could stop him from doing a thing, when he was bent upon doing it. He had strong faith in the cause he fought for and he stuck to it. He had faith in those for whom he fought and this triple faith carried him onward and onward on the crest of the wave of success and made him achieve the goal of Pakistan. Further, Sir, nothing could divert him from the path which he set for himself. I remember that even the offer of Governor-General ship of United India could not move him away from the ideal of Pakistan which he had set for himself. He would be the Governor-General of Pakistan, rather than be the head of United India.

He was great advocate and a great man from all points of view and our party has got very great respect and love for Quaid-i-Azam and we wholeheartedly associate ourselves with the resolution that has been moved. He belonged to the category of those brave men of whom the poet has said-

How sleep the brave, when laid to rest,

By all their country`s wishes blest,

By fairy hands, their knell is rung,

By forms unseen their dirge is sung``

As regards Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, he was born in our province and his service to this Province is manifold. In private life he was a man who on his every first meeting with you, will make you feel as if you are meeting an old old friend. As a politician he had mastered the game of party politics so well, that few could beat him in that game, It must be said that from every difficult situation he managed to come out much to the mortification of his opponents. We are sorry to lose him and offer our condolences to the family of the deceased. Their consolation is that this loss is shared by the whole Province.

Regarding late Mr. Mohammed Azam. I knew him when he came in this Assembly. From the short experience that I had about him I can say that he was a man who never wanted publicity for himself. He was a most sincere worker and was prepared to work on the back benches and a man who did not crave to show himself to the press correspondents. He was and indefatigable worker. He was cut off in young age. If he had lived he had the capabilities for rise to still greater heights. May his soul rest in peace.

Lt Col. W.B. HOSSACK: Sir I desire to associate myself with the resolution of condolence before this House.

The late Quaid-i-Azam was one of those small but truly great bands of men that come once in a generation perhaps or once in a hundred years, but he belonged to that selected band. He was a man of very great personality and directness of purpose and none had a greater admiration for him than the community to which I belong He has passed on a candidate for immortality, but it remains to us now to carry on the good on good work that he has commenced and towards that end I can assure this Honourable House that none will cooperate more than this small band of the Europeans still left in this country.

In so far as the late Premier of Sind is concerned, I was a very old friend of his, in fact all my political career has been fully associated with him. He started big political career in the Bombay Council, went to the Central Assembly and finally to Sind. He was a very shrewd and perfect gentleman who was rightly and affectionately called the Grand Old man of Sind. Easy of approach one was always sure of getting a patient hearing and one could really on his decision which was never partial but always in the best interest of the Government of India and/or of Sind.

With regard to Mr. Mahomed Azam, I am afraid I did not have the pleasure of his friendship, but from his work in this Assembly he was full of integrity and directness of purpose and was certainly a promising in this Assembly.

HAJI M. H. GAZDAR: Sir, I rise to associate myself with the resolution of condolence moved by Honourable Mir Ghulam Ali Khan Talpur.

The first resolution is of condolence with regard to the death of our Quaid-i-Azam. Sir, he has immortalised himself by his services to the nation and the country. His work for the nation will always inspire us in shaping our future conduct. Sir, I am very happy to congratulate you that you have placed his portrait in this Hall which will always remind us about his teachings and inspire us as to what we should do for our country and nation.

Sir, he was a very great man and the honourable colleagues who have spoken before me have said that he was one of the greatest men not only in India but in the galaxy of the great men of the whole World. His integrity, his incorruptibility, is well known. No inducement in the world could purchase him and his greatest achievement in his whole life time was that he created a Muslim nation, a solid nation of ten corers. With that awakening he fought and got us our freedom---Pakistan. The greatest tribute that we could pay to his memory is to follow his advice: Unity, Faith and Discipline. Sir, I am sure that if we remain united, if we have faith in our great past and if we are disciplined we can make our nation and our Government of Pakistan a really very great asset to the whole world for peace.

Islam and Muslim stand for social justice, equality and toleration and I am sure by his inspiration we will achieve all these, and we will keep his memory alive by growing stronger and stronger every day. We are proud of him specially, for though he belonged to the whole nation of Muslims we are proud that he was a son of Sind and therefore, Sir, we have the greatest measure of sorrow in his death. We should also be happy that after his travelling all over the world and settling in Bombay his earthy remains are buried in our soil and I hope our nation, Pakistan, the capital of federation in Karachi, his grave, will constantly inspire us with his teachings.

With regard to Shaikh Ghulam Hussain, he was admittedly the greatest son of the soil that Sind has produced. He died as our grand old man Everybody respected him very highly and the people of Sind gave him all the support that he needed and he rose to the highest office that people bestow upon him.

Sir, I am rather sorry that in the resolution moved, there has been commission. Here, I want to say that we intensely sympathise with our great loss which is not his alone but of whole so Sind.

As regards Mr. Mahomed Azam, I want to pay my humble tribute had very little relations with him. I knew him only when he was to the Sind Legislative Assembly. He was a worthy son of the soil. The few months that he was a Minister, I admired him for the zeal and for thought with which he disposed of his work. He has very anxious to all and I am sure that he would have proved a very useful and a very patent leader of Sind. His work was always up-to-date and his reputation was unsullied. He did favour to nobody. Nobody could point out finger nepotism at him and this is a very great thing in our modern politics.

Sir, with these few words I associate myself heartily in the condolence to his wife, children, brothers and all his relatives.

MIR BANDEHALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, I see to support the various resolutions with all grief and a heavy heart. Passing of Mahomed Ali Jinnah is a catastrophe of a magnitude which cannot simply be measured By Millions he was loved and will always be loved as their Quaid-i-Azam His singleness of purpose and his indomitable courage were the two qualities which brought to us this long-awaited freedom which was won against very heavy odds and it was only due to his courage, honesty of purpose and fearlessness that we were able to achieve this freedom. He was, Sir, embodiment of all description of fair play,, justice, honesty and integrity.

He is not with us now and has gone away where all the mortals have to go

He has left behind him an ideal which should be pursued by each one of in such a way that we are able to strengthen the freedom that has been given to us by him. We should try not to bring in provincialism or sectionalism which are the two causes, in the long run, of disintegration between ourselves.

As regards Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, He was the son of the soil, as you know. He was loved by all alike. He was not a foreigner here

His achievements in the field of politics were also very great. I think throughout India, he was the only man who had a long, free and unchequred public life without any break till unfortunately he died. He died suddenly.

Therefore, Sir, we are very sorry for his family

As regards Mr. Mahammed Azam, he did not take a long time to show his ability and his political experience with which he was endowed, I knew him very much because he came from a very good family of Sind. He was a man of extremely good nature and very honest, but at the same time he was very modest also, with these few words, Sir, I strongly support these resolutions.

Kazi Muhammad Mujtaba:

قاضی محمد مجتبیٰ: صاحب صدر! جو motion آنریبل میر غلام علی ٹالپور نے پیش کئے ہیں۔ جن کا تعلق قائداعظم محمد علی جناح، لیٹ سر غلام حسین ہدایت اللہ اور لیٹ ٓنریبل مسٹر محمد اعظم کی وفات سے ھے مین ان تجویزوں کی تائید اپنے مزدور حلقہ کی طرف سے کرنیکے لئے کھڑا ہوا ہوں۔ قائداعظم کے بارے مین جہ tribute اور خراج تحسین مختلف مقررین کے جانب سے ادا کئے گئےہیں۔ اس کے ساتھ میں اپنی آواز کو شامل کرتے ہوئے یہ عرض کرتا ہوں کہ قائداعظم کی بزرگی یا اُن کی بڑائی کا یہ ایک سب سے بڑا مظہر ہے کہ انہوں نے اس غلام آباد ہندوستان مین ایک آزاد مسلم حکومت قائم کی۔ انہوں نے ہندوستان کے ہندو مسلم جھگڑوں کے فیصلہ کا جو حل تلاش کیا اور جہ کیا اس کا نام پاکستان ہے۔  قائداعظم جو ہمیشہ انصاف اور رواداری کے حامی تھے جو ہمیشہ Anti-Imperialist رہے۔ کبھی انہوں نے برٹش گورنمنٹ کی کوئی honour کوئی خطاب کوئی عزت کبھی قبول نہیں کی۔ قائداعظم جناح کی تمام public life  اس بات کی شاہد ہے کہ انہوں نے کبھی اپنے ذاتی مقصد کیلئے کوئی راستا ایسا اختیار نہیں کیا کہ جس کے بارے میں یہ کہا جاسکتا ہو کہ وہ راستہ عزت بھرا راستہ نہیں تھا۔ وہ بہت اونچے character کے آدمی تھے وہ بہت بہادر تھے۔ وہ اپنی دھن کے پکے تھے اور جیسا کہ آنریبل مسٹر سیرو مل نے کہا ہے کہ اگر تمام دنیا ایک طرف ہو اور انکی مخالفت کرے تب بھی وہ اپنی بات کے اوپر ڈٹے رہتے تھے اور انکو اس بات کا ذرہ برابر خیال نہیں آتا تھا کہ تمام دنیا میری رائے کی مخالفت کر رہی ہے۔ قائداعظم جناح نے تمام اپنی زندگی میں اپنی ذات کیلئے کبھی کسی سے favour نہیں مانگی۔ وہ self-made آدمی تھے۔ ایک غریب آدمی کے بیٹے تھے کہ جنہوں نے کراچی کے مدرسہ میں تعلیم پائی  تھی اور جو کسی مہربان کی مدد سے کالج کی تعلیم حاصل کرنیکے بعد انگلینڈ گئے وہہاں سے Bar-at-Law  کی ڈگری لائے اور وہہاں سے آنیکے بعد اںہوں نے اپنا career  ایکpleader کی حیثیت میں ایک Advocate کی حیثیت میں Bombay میں شروع کیا۔ قائداعظم کا اپنا فرمانا تھا کہ وہ اپنی ابتداءزمانے میںbriefless ہوا کرتے تھے۔خالی بیٹھے رہتے تھے۔ بہت کم clients انکے پاس آتے تھے۔ انکی ہمت کو آپ شاباش دیں کہ اُنہوں نے کبھی کسی گورنمنٹ job کیلئے درخواست دینا گوارہ نہیں کیا اور اپنے کام میں ہمیشہ محنت سے لگے رہے۔ اور Bombay Bar کے وہ درخشاں ممبر اور رکن ثابت ہوئئے۔ قائداعظم جن کا تعلق بہت عرصہ تک کانگرس کے ساتھ رہااور وہ ہمیشہ کانگرس کےLeaders  مسٹر تلک اور گوکھلے وغیرہ کے ساتھ ہندوستان کی آزادی کیلئے برٹش گورنمنٹ سے ہمیشہ مطالبہ کرتے رہے کہ ہندوستان کو  Self-Government ملنی چاہئے۔  ایک زمانہ تھا کہ قائداعظم ہندو مسلم اتحاد کے پیامبر سمجھے جاتے تھے اور Mrs, srojni Naido  اُنکو ہندوستان کے مختلف قوموں کے درمیاں صلح کرانیوالا اور دشمنی دور کرانیوالا کہا کرتی تھی۔ قائداعظم کو جب اس بات کا یقین ہوگیا کہ وہ کانگرس کے ساتھ رہ کر ہندوستان کی اقلیتوں کا فیصلہ نہیں کراسکتے اور ہندوستان کے دس کروڑ مسلمانوں کو انصاف نہیں دلا سکتے تو انہوں نے کانگرس سے علحدگی اختیار کرکے مسلم لیگ کو organise  کیا اور مسلم قوم جو سوئی ہوئی تھی اور ہندوستان کے اندر مسلم قوم کی کوئی voice  نہیں تھی کوئی آواز نہیں تھی اُنکی کوئی press  نہیں تھی انکی کوئی سیاسی organisation نہیں تھی اُس قوم کو انہوں نے اُبھارا۔ اُس قوم مین انہوں نے سیاسی بیداری پیدا کی۔ اور مسلم لیگ جو ایک زمانہ میں صرف بڑے بڑے لیڈروں، رئیسوں اور نوابوں کی ایک جماعت ہوا کرتی تھی وہ عوامی جماعت بنائی گئی۔ اُس میں ہر مسلمان کو شامل ہونیکی دعوت دی گئی خواہ وہ دولتمند تھا خواہ مزدور تھا۔ اس سے یہ جذبات پیدا ہوئے کہ ہندوستان کے اندر ایک عزت بھری زندگی بسر کرنیکے لئے ایک علحدھ ملک قائم کیا گیا کہ جس کا نام پاکستان ہے۔ قائداعظم نے پاکستان کی حصول کیلئے جو کوشش کی وہ آپ پر اور ہم پر عیاں ہے۔ اُس کو دہرانے کی ضرورت نہیں ہے۔ ہمیں قائداعظم کے ساتھ بیحد محبت ہے۔ لیکن جناب صدر! قائداعظم کی ذاتی صفات کو بیان کردینا ہی کافی نہیں ہے اس سے قائداعظم کو کوئی فائدہ نہیں پہنچتا اور نہ ہم کو فائدہ پہنچتا ہے بلکہ ضرورت اس بات کی ہے کہ قائداعظم نے جو کام شروع کیا اور جن اصولون کے اوپر رہتے ہوئے پاکستان کو قائم کیا اور جس مقصد کیلئے پاکستان کو حاصل کیا اس مقصد کو اس mission  کو ہم پورا کریں۔ پاکستان کو حاصل کرنیکا مقصد کیا تھا۔ پاکستان کو حاژل کرنیکا مقصد یہ تھا کہ ہندستان کے دس کروڑ مسلمان آزادی اور آبرو کی زندگی بسر کریں۔ اور خوشحال زندگی بسر کریں ان میں غربت ہے، ان میں افلاس ہے، ان مین تنگدستی ہے اور اقتصادی طور پر دنیا بھر میں پیچھےہیں۔ اس قوم کی اس کمی کو پورا کیا جائے۔ مگر آج بھی جہان تک ہمارے پاکستان کے مسلمانوں کا تعلق ہے آج بھی پاکستان میں رہنے والے مسلمان غربت۔ افلاس۔ بیروزگاری مین مبتلا ہیں۔ ہمارے ملک کے اندر black-marketting، ہمارے ملک مین Smuggling، ہمارے ملک کے اندر چوری؛  غرضیکہ تمام خرابیان موجود ہیں۔ ہماری گورنمنٹ کیmachinery  پاکستان کے مختلف صوبوں کو اچھی چرح نہیں چلا سکی۔ بلکہ ہر جگہ favourtismاقربا پروری۔ ہر جگہ اپنے لوگوں کو نوازا جا رہا ہے۔ گورنمنٹ machinery اچھی طرح function نہیں کر رہی ہے۔ جس چرف نگاہ اٹھا کر دیکھئے ہر جگہ Blak-marketting ہو رہا ہے۔ تاجر یہ چاہتا ہے کہ زیادہ سے زہادہ پیسہ حاصل کیا جائے۔ دولت جمع کی جائے۔ ہم تو یہ دیکھ رہے ہیں کہ پاکستان کے حصول کے بعد لوگ یہ سمجھتے ہیں کہ ہم کو بلیک مارکیٹنگ کرنیکا لائسنس مل گیا۔ اور اپنے اختیارات کو ناجائز طور پر استعمال کرنیکا لائسنس مل گیا۔ صاحب صدر! اگر ہمارے دل میں پاکستان سے اور قائداعظم کی حاصل کی ہوئی آزادی سے محبت ہے تو ہر پاکستانی کا فرض ہے کہ قائداعظم کے بلند Character کو سامنے رکھتے ہوئے اپنی گورنمنٹ کو اپنے ملک کو اس طرح چلائیں کہ پاکستان کا ہر باشندہ اور پاکستان کا ہر غریب آدمی جو آج بھوکا ہے جو آج ننگا ہے جسکو آج کھانے کیلئے روٹی میسر نہیں جس کے بدن پر کپڑا نہیں۔ اس کو روٹی اور کپڑا ملے۔ اور جو بیمار ہو اس کا علاج ہو۔ آج اس بات کی ضرورت ہے کہ ہمارے officials یہ سمجھیں کہ British Government کا زمانہ گیا۔ اب ہماری National گورنمنٹ ہے ہمارا مقصد یہ ہونا چاہئے کہ قائداعظم نے جو ایک سینچا اور بڑا کیا ہے اُن میں ہر کوئی Influence  یا اثر کے تحت کوئی کام نہیں ہونا چاہئے بلکہ ہر شخص کا یہ فرض ہونا چاہئے کہ وہ اپنی ڈیوٹی کو ڈیوٹی سمجھتے ہوئے ادا کرے۔ چاہے گورنر کچھ کہے۔ چاہے زیر کچھ کہے۔

آ نریبل ڈپٹی اسپیکرآپ condolence Resolution پر بول رہے ہیں یا گورنمنٹ کی پالیسی Disscuss  کر رہے ہیں؟

قاضی محمد مجتبیٰجناب صدر! اگر آپ کا خیال ہے کہ مین irrelevant بول رہہا ہوں تو اسکے لئے مین یہ تو سمجھتا ہوں کہ جب ایک لیڈر کہ جسکی وفات کا ہم تذکرہ کر رہے ہیں تو یہ ضروری ہے کہ ہم یاد کرین اُسکے اس سبق کو جو اس نے ہمارے لئے چھوڑا ہے اور آج ہم اس بات کا عہد کریں کہ قائداعظم نے جو نصیحت کی تھی اور ہم کو جو کچھ کہا تھا اُسپر کاربند رہیں اور اسکے مطابق عمل کریں. میں پوچھتا ہوں کہ کیا آج ہمارا یہ فرض نہیں ہے کہ جب ہمارے Hon’ble House سامنے قائداعظم کی وفات کا ذکر کیا جا رہا ہے تو قائداعظم کے سبق سے اپنی یاد تازہ کریں اور دوسروں کی یاد تازہ کرائیں اور اس بات کا عہد کریں اور اس بات کی کوشش کریں کہ ہمارے ملک مین Black-marketting درست نہیں ہے۔ یہاں کی داکو اور پہاڑی لوگ افسران میں ملے ہوئے ہیں۔ یہاں کے ایسے افسران کے خلاف سخت ایکشن لیا جانا چاہئے، ضرورت اس بات کی ہے کہ یہاں کے افسران کی جو موجودہ ذہنیت ہے وہ درست ہو اور وہ اپنے آپ کو Public servant سمجھیں اور اپنی ڈیوٹی اچھی چرح سے انجام دیں۔ ہم میں سے ہر شخص خواہ وہ میمبر ہو۔ وزیر ہو یا کوئی افسر ہو یہ ہی فرض ہونا چاہیئے۔

صاحب صدر! اب میں اپنے بذرگ مرحوم غلام حسین ہدایت اللہ کی وفات کے بارے میں چند الفاظ کہنا چاہتا ہوں۔ شیخ صاحب مرحوم جیسا کہ مختلف مقررین نے کہا ہے وہ سندھ کے ممتاز فرزندان میں سے تھے۔ جنہوں نے سندھ کی بڑی خدمات انجام دین ہیں۔ سندھ کوBombay سے علحدھ کرانے مین اور سندھیوں کے حقوق کی حفاظت کیلئے انہوں نے ہمیشہ پوری تندہی سے کام لیا ہے۔ مجھے ایکLabourer Representative  کی حیثیت سے اس امر کا کئی بار موقعہ ملا کہ مزدورون کے strikes کے سلسلہ میں مین hon’ble Late Prime Minister Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah کے پاس گیا۔ انہوں نے مزدوروں کیلئے سرمایہ داروں کے جھگڑے اور مقابلہ میں ہمیشہ فراخ دلی کیساتھ انصاف سے کام لیتے ہوئے مزدوروں کے مطالبات دلانے میں ہمیشہ ہمارا ساتھ دیا۔ مرحوم بہت دور اندیش تھے۔ اور ان کی بڑی خوبی تھی کہ وہ کبھی بھی اپنے دشمن سے بدلا لینا نہیں جانتے تھے۔ کئی بار ایسا ہوا کہ سیاسی معاملات کے سلسلہ میں مرحوم کے خلاف ہم نے نعرے لگائے لیکن کبھی میرے اہپر اس بات کا اظہار نہیں کیا کہ انکو اس بات کا ذرہ برابر بھی احساس ہے۔ مرحوم اپنی بساط کے مطابق جہ انکی Understanding تھی اور اپنے خیال کے مطابق سندھ کی خدمت کرنا چاہتے تھے۔ اور سندھ کے تمام باشندوں کیلئے اور تمام سندھ کی خیرخواہ تھے۔ وہ یہ چاہتے تھے کہ سندھ میں ھندو مسلمانوں کے درمیاں اچھے تعلقات قائم رہیں۔ مرحوم نے سندھ کی خدمت کرتے ہوئے انتقال کیا۔ یہ سندھ کا بہت بڑا Loss ہے۔ ہمیں مسٹر انور ہدایت اللہ اور ان کے خاندان کے دوسرے رفقاء کے ساتھ دلی ہمدردی ہے۔

اسیطرح سے مین اس ریزولیوشن کی بھی تائید کرتا ہوں جسکا تعلق Late Mohd. Azam Sahib سے ہے۔ مرحوم اس اسمبلی کے ممبر تھے اور کچھ عرصہ تک ہماری گورنمنٹ کے عزیر بھی رہے۔ ہمیں انکی خدمت اور انکی family کا بہت احساس ہے۔ اور ہمیں بیحد افسوس اس امر کا ہے کہ مرحوم ایک بڑی فیملی چھوڑ کر رخصت ہوئے۔ یقینی طور پر ہمیں ان کے عزیزوں اور پسماندگان کے ساتھ ہمدردی ہے۔ ان الفاظ کے ساتھ میں اپنی تقریر کو ختم کرتا ہوں۔

The Honourable Mr. MIRAN MOHAMMAD SHAH: In order to refresh your memory and for guidance of the Honourable Members, after hearing my Honourable friend who made an illuminating speech, I should like to draw your attention to Rules 101 and 92.

L(IV) 1385-3

Rule 101 reads: “Except with the permission of the Speaker no speech on a resolution shall exceed fifteen minitues in duration.

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: There is no clock in this house.

سيد علي اڪبر شاھ : جناب صدر- آءُ هن آنربل هائوس اڳيان موجوده پيش ڪيل تعزيت جي ٺهراءَ جي تائيد ڪندي عرض ڪرڻ ٿو گهران ته مرحوم قاعد اعظم محمد علي جناح هتي ڪراچي ۾ ڄائو هو ۽ جهرڪن جي شهر ۾ پرورش حاصل ڪيائين. مرحوم سنڌ مدرسي ۾ تعليم حاصل ڪرڻ کانپوءِ انگلينڊ مان بئيريسٽري جي ڊگري حاصل ڪئي ۽ موٽي اچي بمبئي ۾ وڪالت شروع ڪيائين جتي هو صاحب سياست جي ميدان ۾ ڪاهي پيو ۽ انهيءَ زماني ۾ ڪانگريس هئي ان ۾ شرڪت ڪئي. انهيءَ کانپوءِ جڏهن مرحوم ڏٺو ته ڪانگريس مسلمانن کي فائدو نه ٿي پهچائي تڏهن مرحوم، ڪانگريس ڇڏي ۽ ڪانگريس کان الڳ ٿي مسلمانن جي رهنمائيءَ جو ڪم هٿ ۾ کنيو ۽ پنهنجي پوري ايمانداري ۽ ثابت قدميءَ سان پنهنجي مقصد کي وڏي پيماني تي ڪامياب ڪيو. هن صاحب هندو مسلم جو حل پاڪستان سمجهيو ۽ پاڪستان جي حصول جو حل مسلم ليگ ۾ سمجهيائين ۽ پنهنجي انهيءَ مقصد ۾ ڪامياب ٿيو-

حقيقت ۾  پاڪستان جي تجويز ۽ تحريڪ مرحوم ڊاڪٽر اقبال 1920ع ۾ پيش ڪئي تنهن کانپوءِ اسانجي قاعد اعظم مرحوم محمد علي جناح 1940 جي مسلم ليگ جي اجلاس ۾ ريزوليوشن جي صورت ۾ پيش ڪئي ۽ چيائين ته هو پاڪستان جي حاصل ڪرڻ لاءِ سڄي مسلم قوم کي پوريطرح منتظم ڪري پنهنجو مقصد حاصل ڪندو ۽ انهيءَ کانپوءِ زبردست قلمي ۽ دماغي جدو جهد ڪيائين جنهن جي ڪري ڪراچي اڄ پاڪستان جو دارالحڪومت قائم ڪيائين ۽ اسان جي سنڌ اسيمبلي ۾ ئي پهريون دفع لارڊ مائونٽبيٽن انگريزن جي شاهي عيوضيءَ جي حيثيت ۾ پاڪستان ۽ هندوستان کي جدا ڪرڻ واسطي اچي پيغام پڙهيائين جو پيغام انگلينڊ جي بادشاه جي طرفان  هو. انهيءَ کان اڳ ۾ سنڌ اسيمبلي ۾ داخل ٿيڻ وقت هن قاعد اعظم کي پنهنجي اڳيان ڪيو. اهڙيطرح سنڌ اسيمبليءَ مان اسانجو قاعد اعظم پنهنجو مقصد حصول پاڪستان پنهنجي حياتيءَ ۾ حاصل ڪري سونهري تلوار لڙڪائيندو ٻاهر نڪتو.

جناب صدر! اهڙا تمام ٿورا ليڊر ٿيندا آهن جن پنهنجي حياتيءَ ۾ ئي پنهنجي ڪمائيءَ جو ڦل ڏٺو هجي. انهن ٿورن ليڊرن مان اسانجو مرحوم قاعد اعظم محمد علي جناح هڪ هو جنهن پنهنجي حياتيءَ ۾ ڦل ڏٺو.

هندوستان جو وڏو ليڊر مهاتما گانڌي هو ۽ عام مقبوليت وارو ماڻهو هو ۽ گجراتي هو ۽ مسلمانن جو پاڪستان لاءِ ليڊر حضرت قاعد اعظم هو.

حقيقت ۾ بمبئي جي ليڊرن هندوستان ۽ پاڪستان جي آزادي لاءَ گڏجي ڪم ڪيو پر الله تعاليٰ اسانجي قاعد اعظم کي وڏي ڪاميابي ٿوري عرصي اندر بخشي جا مهاتما گانڌيءَ کي نصيب نه ٿي. جا ڪاميابي اسانجي قاعد اعظم کي 8 سالن ۾ نصيب ٿي سا مهاتما گانڌيءَ ۽ ڪانگريس کي 60 سالن نصيب ٿي پروف اهو آهي جو مهاتما گانڌيءَ کي هٿ ۾ سوٽي ۽ هيٺ ٿي ڪري پنهنجي مقصد ۾ ڪامياب ٿو ٿئي پر اسانجو قاعداعظم پنهنجي لباس ۾ تبديلي اها آندي جو هن شلوار ۽ شيرواني پاتي ۽ اڄ انهيءَ عزت ڀرئي لباس کي وڏا وڏا آفيسر ۽ وڏا وڏا ليڊر پائڻ فخر ٿا سمجهن، ۽ اهڙي طرح هندوستان ۾ مهاتما گانڌي جي ڪري ڌوتي پائين ٿا. مهاتما گانڌيءَ جي حياتي چڱي گذري پر سندس موت سندس وڏي ۾ وڏي دوست جي گهر ۾ سندس چيلي جي هٿان روالور جي ڌڪ سان ٿيو. پر اسانجي قائداعظم جي وفات نهايت عزت ۽ قدرتي طور ٿي. مرحوم پنهنجي حياتيءَ ۾ وڏو انقلاب آندو. ولايت جي تعليم ۽ تهذيب کان بلڪل بدلجي ويو ۽ پنهنجي حياتي قرآني اثر هيٺ آندي. هن مرحوم اهو برابر ته قرآني تعليم ئي آهي جا قوم کي قوم ڪري سگهي ٿي ۽ زبردست حڪومت مسلمان قائم ڪري سگهندا. اهڙيطرح مرحوم پاڻکي پنهنجي حياتيءَ کي قرآني تعليم ڏني جو پاڻ اڳ پڙهيل ڪونه هو ۽ قرآني اصولن تي تحريڪ هلايائين ۽ قرآني اصولن تي حڪومت ٺاهڻ لاءِ برابر اعلان خالقڏني حال ۾ ڪيائين جتي مونکي ياد آهي ته آل انڊيا مسلم ليگ جي موقع تي گڏ ٿياسين جتي جمال ميان اعتراض اٿاريو ته پاڪستان ملڻ کان اڳ ملسم ليگ اسلامي اصول تي حڪومت قائم ڪرڻ جا واعدا ڏنا هوا پر اسان هينئر ڏسون ٿا ته قرآني حڪومت رائج نه ٿي آهي تنهن ڪري هينئر مسلم ليگ جو نالو ڦيرائي ٻيو نالو رکجي ۽ مسلمان قوم کي به مسلم قوم نه سڏجي. اتي مرحوم قاعداعظم اٿي چيو ته “ائين نه آهي! جيئن مون چيو آهي ۽ واعدو ڪيو آهي انهي تي مان قائم آهيان ۽ مسلم ليگ قائم آهي. جڏهن به نئين     constitution ٺهي ته اها قرآني ideals ۽ Principles  ( آئيڊيل ۽ پرنسپل) تي هوندي ۽ اهوئي هڪ رستو آهي جنهن تي مضبوط حڪومت قائم ٿي سگهي ٿي ۽ انهي کانسواءِ ٻيو ڪوبه رستو ڪونه آهي.” مان ڏسان ٿو ته قاعداعظم مرحوم مسلمانن کي هڪڙي قوم ڪرڻ ۾ ڪامياب ٿيو-

اهي تحريڪون گهڻن ليڊرن هلايون پر ڪامياب ڪو نه ٿيا ۽ آخر قاعد اعظم هندوستان کي آزاد ڪرايو ۽ آزاد پاڪستان حاصل ڪيو ۽ مسلمانن کي سلامت رکڻ لاءِ اهو ڪم ڪيو جنهن ۾ هو ڪامياب ٿيو.

انهي کانپوءِ جناب صدر! آنريبل سر غلام حسين هڪ پهريون سنڌي سنڌ جو گورنر ٿيو ۽ سنڌ جي سرزمين ۾ ڄاول هو. هن پنهنجي ترقي شاهي نموني ۾ ڪئي. هو حيدرآباد شهر ۾ پهريائين لوڪلبورڊ جو پريزيڊنٽ ٿيو ۽ تنهن کانپوءِ حيدرآباد جي طرفان بمبئي ڪائونسل تي ميمبر انتخاب ٿيو ۽ تنهن کانپوءِ حيدرآباد جي طرفان بمبئي ڪائونسل تي ميمبر انتخاب ٿيو، جتي وزير به ٿيو ۽ گورنر به ٿيو. هن صاحب ئي سکر ۾ بيراج کولڻ جي رسم ادا ڪئي.

جناب صدر- مرحوم محمد اعظم به حيدرآباد ۾ ڄاول هو ۽ هڪ انقلابي نوجوان انسان هو. ٿوري وقت ۾ ئي پبلڪ لائين ۾ ڪامياب ٿيو ته سندس  موت ٿيو.

انهن لفظن سان آءُ انهن ٽنهي ريزوليوشن جي تائيد ٿو ڪريان-

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Before I put these resolution to the House, I associate myself from the chair with the feelings and sentiments expressed by the various Honourable members of this House.

Now I am putting the resolutions to the House.

The Honourable MIR GHULAM ALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, we shall rise and pass this resolution.

Mr. KAZI FAZALULLAH: First pass the resolution and then we will request Shah Sahib to say fateha (Prayer).

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Now I put the resolution:

(Question put and agreed to.)

The resolutions are passed.

Now let us rise in our seats as a mark of respect to the memory of the departed Leaders.

(A short prayer was offered by Honourable Member Sayed Ali Akbar Shah with all members rising in their seats.)

The house is adjourned till 3 o’ clock tomorrow.SIND LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

17th February 1949

CONDOLENCE RESOLUTIONS

 This Assembly places on record its sense of profound grief and sorrow at the sad and untimely death of the beloved Father of the Nation, Quaid-i-Azam Mahomed Ali Jinnah. The creation of Pakistan, the biggest Muslim State in the world, is due to his untiring energy, far-recalling vision indomitable courage and honesty of purpose. He was snatched away from our midst at a time when the Nation, being still in its infant state, sorely needed his wise counsel and guidance. This House requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its heart-felt condolences to Miss Fatima Jinnah and other members of the bereaved family.

 

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: The resolution Moved is-

 

“This Assembly places on record its sense of profound grief and sorrow at the sad and untimely death of the beloved Father of the Nation, Quaid-i-Azam Mahomed Ali Jinnah. The creation of Pakistan, the biggest Muslim State in the world, is due to his untiring energy, far-recalling vision indomitable courage and honesty of purpose. He was snatched away from our midst at a time when the Nation, being still in its infant state, sorely needed his wise counsel and guidance. This House requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its heart-felt condolences to Miss Fatima Jinnah and other members of the bereaved family.

 

The Honourable MIR GHULAM ALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, with your permission, I move the second resolution:

“This Assembly places on record its sense of deep sorrow and grief at the death of the late Governor, His Excellency Shaikh Ghulam Husain Hidayatullah. He was a great son of the soil and was the maker of modern Sind. He rendered valuable services to the province of his birth and helped considerably in the establishment of Pakistan. This Assembly requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its sympathies to Lady Hidayatullah and the members of the bereaved family.

 

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Resolution moved is:

“This Assembly places on record its sense of deep sorrow and grief at the death of the late Governor, His Excellency Shaikh Ghulam Husain Hidayatullah. He was a great son of the soil and was the maker of modern Sind. He rendered valuable services to the province of his birth and helped considerably in the establishment of Pakistan. This Assembly requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its sympathies to Lady Hidayatullah and the members of the bereaved family.

 

THE Honourable MIR GHULAM ALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, I move:

“This Assembly places on record its sense of deep sorrow at the sad and untimely death of Honourable Mahomed Azam, the late Minister for Food and Civil supplies. He was a promising member of Sind Government and during his short term of office he displayed administrative ability and strove hard to improve the conditions the masses and to Save the state from the nefarious activities of smugglers. This House further requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its sympathies to Mr. Mahomed Azam and the members of the bereaved family.

 

THE HONOURALE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Resolution moved is:

“This Assembly places on record its sense of deep sorrow at the sad and untimely death of Honourable Mahomed Azam, the late Minister for Food and Civil supplies. He was a promising member of Sind Government and during his short term of office he displayed administrative ability and strove hard to improve the conditions the masses and to Save the state from the nefarious activities of smugglers. This House further requests the Honourable the Speaker to convey its sympathies to Mr. Mahomed Azam and the members of the bereaved family.

 

The Honourable MIR GHULAM ALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, it is indeed very sad that on the very first day of our Assembly, we have to start witd three motions of condolences.

Coming to late Quaid-i-Azam Sir in the History of the world, there has not been any precedent in the past where a nation has achieved independence without shedding any drop of blood. In the case of our Pakistan, Sir, it is the reverse. On the night of the 14th we were sleeping as slaves and on the morning of the 15th, we rose as an independent and a free nation. This was entirely due to the untiring efforts and the strong will of our beloved Quaid-i-Azam. Even in the case of India, Sir, they worked very hard, they lost many lives, lives of their many leaders and their beloved, and after much great trouble, they achieved the independence which we over night got without shedding a single drop of blood. Sir, with the creation of Pakistan, we started a new chapter. Not only we started a new chapter, but even the world`s map has been changed. There was nothing before this on the world`s may anything like Pakistan. It is after the creation of Pakistan by our beloved Quaid-i-Azam that today we have got this independent State, the fifth great State in the world, on the map of the world. I think, Sir, we all are proud of it. Not only we, but the entire nation not only the entire nation here in Pakistan, but in Hindustan, as well as other parts of the Muslim world, everybody is proud of it. With the efforts of Quaid-i-Azam, Sir we have been free from the bondage of slavery and are an independent State. We are now on an equal status and position with other Free Nations.

Sir, as the time is short, I would propose to go over to the second resolution. Our late Governor of Sind, Shaikh Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, was born in Sind and was Sindhi by birth. Though he was born at Shikarpur yet, he started his career from Hyderabad (Sind). He was elected, after a very short stay in the legal position, as a Member of the Bombay Legislative Council; and he had not to remain there for long, for after a short while he was taken up as Minister at first and subsequently as Executive Councillor.

Late Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was born with a silver spoon in his month. He was very fortunate from the beginning and up to the time of his death. He was the first Sindhi Governor and died as Governor.

We are really very proud of him. Late Sir Sahib had special love and admiration for me and my political career is largely due to his constant advice and guidance.

With regard to Mr. Mohammed  Azam, he was for only a short time a Minister of this Government and an M.L.A  also. He did not remain with us for along.

But whatever time he remained with us, he was always loyal and faithful to the Government and was ever helpful and remained like a family member with the Government. We all deeply mourn his loss and pray that God may bestow His Mercy on all three departed leaders and grant them peace in Heaven.

With these words I take my seat.

The Honourable SAYED MIRAN MOHAMMED SHAH: Sirusually it is not the practice for any other member of Government to associate himself with what the leader of the House has expressed on behalf of the Government, but I might be permitted to express a few words entirely on personal grounds.

Being one of the members of the Caretaker Government today, in existence, I feel called upon to give vent to my feelings in connection with the sad demise of the very brilliant personalities about whom my colleague has just spoken. My connection with the late Quaid-i-Azam started as far back as a quarter of a century ago, and I may remind all Honourable members that my first source of inspiration was the late Quaid-i-Azam, himself.

While I was associated with the Simon Commission, it was he who inspired me, then an inexperienced member of the Legislature of Bombay, to move in the forum provided by the Parliament in the shapes of the Simon Commission to write e my report for serving the bonds which connected our birth place with Bombay. as we felt that we were under the bondage of the minority that ruled the Bombay Presidency. Through his very wise counsel and guidance and incessant advice and inspiration I was able to make up my mind to write the report for the separation of Sind at Delhi. From time to time, Since then I have had the privilege of coming in very close contact with the late Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah. I was one of those few persons who were summoned to Bombay when he gave us a direction to go and establish Muslim League in Sind and I and Sheikh Abdul Majid called the first meeting for the organisation of the Muslim League in Sind.

Sir, I do not want to expatiate on the subject to which my colleague has done full justice, but I want to add this because I have just returned from an atmosphere of international affairs, namely, the forum of the World Health Conference at Geneva which is the place where the luminaries belonging to that national field conglomerate for the purpose of devising ways and means for the uplift of humanity as a whole. Coming in contact with the representatives of the world from far and near, I could say that they had great admiration and respect for our great leader and they were very sorry that he was snatched away from us by the cruel hand of death at a time when we needed his guidance most.

Sir, the message of the Quaid-i-Azam is with us and I am sure his spirit is pervading over every one of us. If we really allow ourselves to be guided by the message and advice that he has left with us, I am sure we shall reach the goal and achieve the destiny which he laid before us.

Now, Sir as regards the late Shaikh Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, I may tell the Honourable Members that he was the first person who advised me to take the higher education, otherwise possibly I might have been dug up in some place in the Revenue Department of been on my feet at the plough. He was then the president of the Dsitrict Local Board and he encouraged me and gave me scholarship on behalf of the Local Board and induced me to join D. J. Sind College and thus I started my career.

Sir, he was the real son of the soil who has rendered service throughout his life- from the very start when he was the President of the District Local Board till his end when he was the Governor of Sind. We are, Sir very sorry to  lose him, and it is a matter of great grief and sorrow that we have lost in him a real sympathiser and a real guide who was the Father of the Province.

In regard to my colleague the late Mr. Mohammed Azam, he has been taken away from our midst all of a sudden. I may tell you, Sir, that at first we had not centred many hopes around him but when he came into close contact with him and when he worked with us in the cabinet. I saw that he was a man of great ability and there were many qualities in him of head and heart which in the course of time would have disclosed themselves in the shape of formation of policies which would have guided the reins of administration on much more smooth lines because the sincerity of purpose was behind them and we are really very much grieved to see that Death has taken him away from our midst. I fully sympathise with the aggrieved family and I am sure the whole House will agree with the sentiments that I have just now expressed.

KAZI FAZLULLAH: Sir, I rise to associate myself with the resolution of condolences which have been moved by my Honourable friend Mir Ghulam Ali Khan Talpur. Very rich tributes have been universally paid to the Quaid-i-Azam throughout the world and I also want to add my humble homage and tribute to his great memory.

Everybody knows that the Quaid-i-Azam was born in Sind some 72 years ago and our province is really very proud of this fact that it has produced a great towering personality like Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah. He was supreme in every sphere of life in which he entered. He was a very great advocate and everyone knows about his marked ability as an advocate of the High Court of Bombay. He refused many tempting offers of appointment as a judge. I believe he was at the top in his profession at the Bombay Bar and his advice was sought in very important legal cases. He was supreme as a politician and. I think, he was a very shrewd politician and had very few equals anywhere in the world and as far as I can see he had nore to equal him in India. He was a statesman of a very high order. His indomitable courage and perseverance, his sincerity and directness of purpose and is determination were his greatest qualities which made him what he was and which Made him well known international figure of a very great prominence.

 

Sir, Quaid-i-Azam has rendered a great Service to the cause of Musalman of India. In 1937 when congress captured power and the Muslim community was so thoroughly demoralised that everybody thought that Muslims were dead as a political power - the congress thought so and the Englishmen thought so - it was Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah who revived Muslims and put life in them and made us a living nation and carved out a great empire for us - the fifth great empire in the world and the largest Muslim State in the world. It was Quaid-i-Azam alone who could do it There were others also. There were men like Moulana Mohammed Ali who did solid and substantial service to the cause of Muslims, but firmly believe that Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah did a much greater work. He built a great nation he built a great edifice on the foundation laid by Moulana Mohammed Ali and others. Quaid-i-Azam is dead but his mission lives. The ideals of Pakistan is alive the ideal for which he worked is alive. Therefore he is not dead but alive.

 

It is a remarkable coincidence, Sir that this man was born on the 25th of December, the date on which Lord Jesus Christ was born. It is said of the Lord Jesus Christ and the orthodox Muslim believes it that Lord Jesus could bring back the dead to life. Whenever a dead person was brought before him he would say `Qum-ba-iznillah` He used their words and the man would become alive. I think, Mohammed Ali Jinnah had also that great quality of performing the miracle of reviving the dead nation to life. The Muslim nation which was dead, he brought it to life. Therefore I said Jinnah is not dead he is alive. Quaid-i-Azam zindabad.

With regard to the late Shaikh Sahib, Sir, I wholeheartedly associate myself with what my two honourable friends have said. Shaikh Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was a very able and luck politician of Sind who rendered a great service to the cause of his province. I personally feel that no greater service was rendered by anybody to this province than by him In 1930 at the Round Table Conference he worked hard for the separation of Sind and I have read the speech which he made there He said Sind must be separated. Sind has absolutely so administrative connection of political connection or any connection whatsoever with Bombay presidency and, Therefore, Sind must be separated from Bombay I believe that it was the greatest service that he did in the Russell Committee at the Round Table conference and largely his speech was responsible for the separation of our province. As I have submitted, he was a very lucky politician so successful and has been for so long in power.

As for my Honourable friend Mr. Mohammed Azam, I may say that he was a young man coming from a good family which has done great service to the which was inherited by him from his uncle and father. We have lost in him a very promising young man.

With these words, Sir, I take my seat.

Mr. SIRUMAL VISHINDAS: On behalf of my prey I associate myself with the condolence resolution that have been moved by the Honourable the leader of the House. As regards Quaid-i-Azam, Sir, we should at the very out self recognise that he was a great man and men like him are born once in centuries. Jinnahs are not born over and over again and when they are born they come to shape the destinies of the works and to make new happenings, which influence the times to come. Sir, at this time when we pay condolences on the death of Quaid-i-Azam it is our duty to see what were the elements in this character that contributed to his success and made him achieve his object within the short space to hardly seven years. It will be only then that we can try to in calculate these elements in us who seek to follow in his hallowed footprints and only then the tributes now paid will do any good to us. Sir, the first element in this character was that he had tremendous faith in himself. No one in the world could stop him from doing a thing, when he was bent upon doing it. He had strong faith in the cause he fought for and he stuck to it. He had faith in those for whom he fought and this triple faith carried him onward and onward on the crest of the wave of success and made him achieve the goal of Pakistan. Further, Sir, nothing could divert him from the path which he set for himself. I remember that even the offer of Governor-General ship of United India could not move him away from the ideal of Pakistan which he had set for himself. He would be the Governor-General of Pakistan, rather than be the head of United India.

He was great advocate and a great man from all points of view and our party has got very great respect and love for Quaid-i-Azam and we wholeheartedly associate ourselves with the resolution that has been moved. He belonged to the category of those brave men of whom the poet has said-

How sleep the brave, when laid to rest,

By all their country`s wishes blest,

By fairy hands, their knell is rung,

By forms unseen their dirge is sung``

As regards Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, he was born in our province and his service to this Province is manifold. In private life he was a man who on his every first meeting with you, will make you feel as if you are meeting an old old friend. As a politician he had mastered the game of party politics so well, that few could beat him in that game, It must be said that from every difficult situation he managed to come out much to the mortification of his opponents. We are sorry to lose him and offer our condolences to the family of the deceased. Their consolation is that this loss is shared by the whole Province.

Regarding late Mr. Mohammed Azam. I knew him when he came in this Assembly. From the short experience that I had about him I can say that he was a man who never wanted publicity for himself. He was a most sincere worker and was prepared to work on the back benches and a man who did not crave to show himself to the press correspondents. He was and indefatigable worker. He was cut off in young age. If he had lived he had the capabilities for rise to still greater heights. May his soul rest in peace.

Lt Col. W.B. HOSSACK: Sir I desire to associate myself with the resolution of condolence before this House.

The late Quaid-i-Azam was one of those small but truly great bands of men that come once in a generation perhaps or once in a hundred years, but he belonged to that selected band. He was a man of very great personality and directness of purpose and none had a greater admiration for him than the community to which I belong He has passed on a candidate for immortality, but it remains to us now to carry on the good on good work that he has commenced and towards that end I can assure this Honourable House that none will cooperate more than this small band of the Europeans still left in this country.

In so far as the late Premier of Sind is concerned, I was a very old friend of his, in fact all my political career has been fully associated with him. He started big political career in the Bombay Council, went to the Central Assembly and finally to Sind. He was a very shrewd and perfect gentleman who was rightly and affectionately called the Grand Old man of Sind. Easy of approach one was always sure of getting a patient hearing and one could really on his decision which was never partial but always in the best interest of the Government of India and/or of Sind.

With regard to Mr. Mahomed Azam, I am afraid I did not have the pleasure of his friendship, but from his work in this Assembly he was full of integrity and directness of purpose and was certainly a promising in this Assembly.

HAJI M. H. GAZDAR: Sir, I rise to associate myself with the resolution of condolence moved by Honourable Mir Ghulam Ali Khan Talpur.

The first resolution is of condolence with regard to the death of our Quaid-i-Azam. Sir, he has immortalised himself by his services to the nation and the country. His work for the nation will always inspire us in shaping our future conduct. Sir, I am very happy to congratulate you that you have placed his portrait in this Hall which will always remind us about his teachings and inspire us as to what we should do for our country and nation.

Sir, he was a very great man and the honourable colleagues who have spoken before me have said that he was one of the greatest men not only in India but in the galaxy of the great men of the whole World. His integrity, his incorruptibility, is well known. No inducement in the world could purchase him and his greatest achievement in his whole life time was that he created a Muslim nation, a solid nation of ten corers. With that awakening he fought and got us our freedom---Pakistan. The greatest tribute that we could pay to his memory is to follow his advice: Unity, Faith and Discipline. Sir, I am sure that if we remain united, if we have faith in our great past and if we are disciplined we can make our nation and our Government of Pakistan a really very great asset to the whole world for peace.

Islam and Muslim stand for social justice, equality and toleration and I am sure by his inspiration we will achieve all these, and we will keep his memory alive by growing stronger and stronger every day. We are proud of him specially, for though he belonged to the whole nation of Muslims we are proud that he was a son of Sind and therefore, Sir, we have the greatest measure of sorrow in his death. We should also be happy that after his travelling all over the world and settling in Bombay his earthy remains are buried in our soil and I hope our nation, Pakistan, the capital of federation in Karachi, his grave, will constantly inspire us with his teachings.

With regard to Shaikh Ghulam Hussain, he was admittedly the greatest son of the soil that Sind has produced. He died as our grand old man Everybody respected him very highly and the people of Sind gave him all the support that he needed and he rose to the highest office that people bestow upon him.

Sir, I am rather sorry that in the resolution moved, there has been commission. Here, I want to say that we intensely sympathise with our great loss which is not his alone but of whole so Sind.

As regards Mr. Mahomed Azam, I want to pay my humble tribute had very little relations with him. I knew him only when he was to the Sind Legislative Assembly. He was a worthy son of the soil. The few months that he was a Minister, I admired him for the zeal and for thought with which he disposed of his work. He has very anxious to all and I am sure that he would have proved a very useful and a very patent leader of Sind. His work was always up-to-date and his reputation was unsullied. He did favour to nobody. Nobody could point out finger nepotism at him and this is a very great thing in our modern politics.

Sir, with these few words I associate myself heartily in the condolence to his wife, children, brothers and all his relatives.

MIR BANDEHALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, I see to support the various resolutions with all grief and a heavy heart. Passing of Mahomed Ali Jinnah is a catastrophe of a magnitude which cannot simply be measured By Millions he was loved and will always be loved as their Quaid-i-Azam His singleness of purpose and his indomitable courage were the two qualities which brought to us this long-awaited freedom which was won against very heavy odds and it was only due to his courage, honesty of purpose and fearlessness that we were able to achieve this freedom. He was, Sir, embodiment of all description of fair play,, justice, honesty and integrity.

He is not with us now and has gone away where all the mortals have to go

He has left behind him an ideal which should be pursued by each one of in such a way that we are able to strengthen the freedom that has been given to us by him. We should try not to bring in provincialism or sectionalism which are the two causes, in the long run, of disintegration between ourselves.

As regards Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, He was the son of the soil, as you know. He was loved by all alike. He was not a foreigner here

His achievements in the field of politics were also very great. I think throughout India, he was the only man who had a long, free and unchequred public life without any break till unfortunately he died. He died suddenly.

Therefore, Sir, we are very sorry for his family

As regards Mr. Mahammed Azam, he did not take a long time to show his ability and his political experience with which he was endowed, I knew him very much because he came from a very good family of Sind. He was a man of extremely good nature and very honest, but at the same time he was very modest also, with these few words, Sir, I strongly support these resolutions.

Kazi Muhammad Mujtaba:

قاضی محمد مجتبیٰ: صاحب صدر! جو motion آنریبل میر غلام علی ٹالپور نے پیش کئے ہیں۔ جن کا تعلق قائداعظم محمد علی جناح، لیٹ سر غلام حسین ہدایت اللہ اور لیٹ ٓنریبل مسٹر محمد اعظم کی وفات سے ھے مین ان تجویزوں کی تائید اپنے مزدور حلقہ کی طرف سے کرنیکے لئے کھڑا ہوا ہوں۔ قائداعظم کے بارے مین جہ tribute اور خراج تحسین مختلف مقررین کے جانب سے ادا کئے گئےہیں۔ اس کے ساتھ میں اپنی آواز کو شامل کرتے ہوئے یہ عرض کرتا ہوں کہ قائداعظم کی بزرگی یا اُن کی بڑائی کا یہ ایک سب سے بڑا مظہر ہے کہ انہوں نے اس غلام آباد ہندوستان مین ایک آزاد مسلم حکومت قائم کی۔ انہوں نے ہندوستان کے ہندو مسلم جھگڑوں کے فیصلہ کا جو حل تلاش کیا اور جہ کیا اس کا نام پاکستان ہے۔  قائداعظم جو ہمیشہ انصاف اور رواداری کے حامی تھے جو ہمیشہ Anti-Imperialist رہے۔ کبھی انہوں نے برٹش گورنمنٹ کی کوئی honour کوئی خطاب کوئی عزت کبھی قبول نہیں کی۔ قائداعظم جناح کی تمام public life  اس بات کی شاہد ہے کہ انہوں نے کبھی اپنے ذاتی مقصد کیلئے کوئی راستا ایسا اختیار نہیں کیا کہ جس کے بارے میں یہ کہا جاسکتا ہو کہ وہ راستہ عزت بھرا راستہ نہیں تھا۔ وہ بہت اونچے character کے آدمی تھے وہ بہت بہادر تھے۔ وہ اپنی دھن کے پکے تھے اور جیسا کہ آنریبل مسٹر سیرو مل نے کہا ہے کہ اگر تمام دنیا ایک طرف ہو اور انکی مخالفت کرے تب بھی وہ اپنی بات کے اوپر ڈٹے رہتے تھے اور انکو اس بات کا ذرہ برابر خیال نہیں آتا تھا کہ تمام دنیا میری رائے کی مخالفت کر رہی ہے۔ قائداعظم جناح نے تمام اپنی زندگی میں اپنی ذات کیلئے کبھی کسی سے favour نہیں مانگی۔ وہ self-made آدمی تھے۔ ایک غریب آدمی کے بیٹے تھے کہ جنہوں نے کراچی کے مدرسہ میں تعلیم پائی  تھی اور جو کسی مہربان کی مدد سے کالج کی تعلیم حاصل کرنیکے بعد انگلینڈ گئے وہہاں سے Bar-at-Law  کی ڈگری لائے اور وہہاں سے آنیکے بعد اںہوں نے اپنا career  ایکpleader کی حیثیت میں ایک Advocate کی حیثیت میں Bombay میں شروع کیا۔ قائداعظم کا اپنا فرمانا تھا کہ وہ اپنی ابتداءزمانے میںbriefless ہوا کرتے تھے۔خالی بیٹھے رہتے تھے۔ بہت کم clients انکے پاس آتے تھے۔ انکی ہمت کو آپ شاباش دیں کہ اُنہوں نے کبھی کسی گورنمنٹ job کیلئے درخواست دینا گوارہ نہیں کیا اور اپنے کام میں ہمیشہ محنت سے لگے رہے۔ اور Bombay Bar کے وہ درخشاں ممبر اور رکن ثابت ہوئئے۔ قائداعظم جن کا تعلق بہت عرصہ تک کانگرس کے ساتھ رہااور وہ ہمیشہ کانگرس کےLeaders  مسٹر تلک اور گوکھلے وغیرہ کے ساتھ ہندوستان کی آزادی کیلئے برٹش گورنمنٹ سے ہمیشہ مطالبہ کرتے رہے کہ ہندوستان کو  Self-Government ملنی چاہئے۔  ایک زمانہ تھا کہ قائداعظم ہندو مسلم اتحاد کے پیامبر سمجھے جاتے تھے اور Mrs, srojni Naido  اُنکو ہندوستان کے مختلف قوموں کے درمیاں صلح کرانیوالا اور دشمنی دور کرانیوالا کہا کرتی تھی۔ قائداعظم کو جب اس بات کا یقین ہوگیا کہ وہ کانگرس کے ساتھ رہ کر ہندوستان کی اقلیتوں کا فیصلہ نہیں کراسکتے اور ہندوستان کے دس کروڑ مسلمانوں کو انصاف نہیں دلا سکتے تو انہوں نے کانگرس سے علحدگی اختیار کرکے مسلم لیگ کو organise  کیا اور مسلم قوم جو سوئی ہوئی تھی اور ہندوستان کے اندر مسلم قوم کی کوئی voice  نہیں تھی کوئی آواز نہیں تھی اُنکی کوئی press  نہیں تھی انکی کوئی سیاسی organisation نہیں تھی اُس قوم کو انہوں نے اُبھارا۔ اُس قوم مین انہوں نے سیاسی بیداری پیدا کی۔ اور مسلم لیگ جو ایک زمانہ میں صرف بڑے بڑے لیڈروں، رئیسوں اور نوابوں کی ایک جماعت ہوا کرتی تھی وہ عوامی جماعت بنائی گئی۔ اُس میں ہر مسلمان کو شامل ہونیکی دعوت دی گئی خواہ وہ دولتمند تھا خواہ مزدور تھا۔ اس سے یہ جذبات پیدا ہوئے کہ ہندوستان کے اندر ایک عزت بھری زندگی بسر کرنیکے لئے ایک علحدھ ملک قائم کیا گیا کہ جس کا نام پاکستان ہے۔ قائداعظم نے پاکستان کی حصول کیلئے جو کوشش کی وہ آپ پر اور ہم پر عیاں ہے۔ اُس کو دہرانے کی ضرورت نہیں ہے۔ ہمیں قائداعظم کے ساتھ بیحد محبت ہے۔ لیکن جناب صدر! قائداعظم کی ذاتی صفات کو بیان کردینا ہی کافی نہیں ہے اس سے قائداعظم کو کوئی فائدہ نہیں پہنچتا اور نہ ہم کو فائدہ پہنچتا ہے بلکہ ضرورت اس بات کی ہے کہ قائداعظم نے جو کام شروع کیا اور جن اصولون کے اوپر رہتے ہوئے پاکستان کو قائم کیا اور جس مقصد کیلئے پاکستان کو حاصل کیا اس مقصد کو اس mission  کو ہم پورا کریں۔ پاکستان کو حاصل کرنیکا مقصد کیا تھا۔ پاکستان کو حاژل کرنیکا مقصد یہ تھا کہ ہندستان کے دس کروڑ مسلمان آزادی اور آبرو کی زندگی بسر کریں۔ اور خوشحال زندگی بسر کریں ان میں غربت ہے، ان میں افلاس ہے، ان مین تنگدستی ہے اور اقتصادی طور پر دنیا بھر میں پیچھےہیں۔ اس قوم کی اس کمی کو پورا کیا جائے۔ مگر آج بھی جہان تک ہمارے پاکستان کے مسلمانوں کا تعلق ہے آج بھی پاکستان میں رہنے والے مسلمان غربت۔ افلاس۔ بیروزگاری مین مبتلا ہیں۔ ہمارے ملک کے اندر black-marketting، ہمارے ملک مین Smuggling، ہمارے ملک کے اندر چوری؛  غرضیکہ تمام خرابیان موجود ہیں۔ ہماری گورنمنٹ کیmachinery  پاکستان کے مختلف صوبوں کو اچھی چرح نہیں چلا سکی۔ بلکہ ہر جگہ favourtismاقربا پروری۔ ہر جگہ اپنے لوگوں کو نوازا جا رہا ہے۔ گورنمنٹ machinery اچھی طرح function نہیں کر رہی ہے۔ جس چرف نگاہ اٹھا کر دیکھئے ہر جگہ Blak-marketting ہو رہا ہے۔ تاجر یہ چاہتا ہے کہ زیادہ سے زہادہ پیسہ حاصل کیا جائے۔ دولت جمع کی جائے۔ ہم تو یہ دیکھ رہے ہیں کہ پاکستان کے حصول کے بعد لوگ یہ سمجھتے ہیں کہ ہم کو بلیک مارکیٹنگ کرنیکا لائسنس مل گیا۔ اور اپنے اختیارات کو ناجائز طور پر استعمال کرنیکا لائسنس مل گیا۔ صاحب صدر! اگر ہمارے دل میں پاکستان سے اور قائداعظم کی حاصل کی ہوئی آزادی سے محبت ہے تو ہر پاکستانی کا فرض ہے کہ قائداعظم کے بلند Character کو سامنے رکھتے ہوئے اپنی گورنمنٹ کو اپنے ملک کو اس طرح چلائیں کہ پاکستان کا ہر باشندہ اور پاکستان کا ہر غریب آدمی جو آج بھوکا ہے جو آج ننگا ہے جسکو آج کھانے کیلئے روٹی میسر نہیں جس کے بدن پر کپڑا نہیں۔ اس کو روٹی اور کپڑا ملے۔ اور جو بیمار ہو اس کا علاج ہو۔ آج اس بات کی ضرورت ہے کہ ہمارے officials یہ سمجھیں کہ British Government کا زمانہ گیا۔ اب ہماری National گورنمنٹ ہے ہمارا مقصد یہ ہونا چاہئے کہ قائداعظم نے جو ایک سینچا اور بڑا کیا ہے اُن میں ہر کوئی Influence  یا اثر کے تحت کوئی کام نہیں ہونا چاہئے بلکہ ہر شخص کا یہ فرض ہونا چاہئے کہ وہ اپنی ڈیوٹی کو ڈیوٹی سمجھتے ہوئے ادا کرے۔ چاہے گورنر کچھ کہے۔ چاہے زیر کچھ کہے۔

آ نریبل ڈپٹی اسپیکرآپ condolence Resolution پر بول رہے ہیں یا گورنمنٹ کی پالیسی Disscuss  کر رہے ہیں؟

قاضی محمد مجتبیٰجناب صدر! اگر آپ کا خیال ہے کہ مین irrelevant بول رہہا ہوں تو اسکے لئے مین یہ تو سمجھتا ہوں کہ جب ایک لیڈر کہ جسکی وفات کا ہم تذکرہ کر رہے ہیں تو یہ ضروری ہے کہ ہم یاد کرین اُسکے اس سبق کو جو اس نے ہمارے لئے چھوڑا ہے اور آج ہم اس بات کا عہد کریں کہ قائداعظم نے جو نصیحت کی تھی اور ہم کو جو کچھ کہا تھا اُسپر کاربند رہیں اور اسکے مطابق عمل کریں. میں پوچھتا ہوں کہ کیا آج ہمارا یہ فرض نہیں ہے کہ جب ہمارے Hon’ble House سامنے قائداعظم کی وفات کا ذکر کیا جا رہا ہے تو قائداعظم کے سبق سے اپنی یاد تازہ کریں اور دوسروں کی یاد تازہ کرائیں اور اس بات کا عہد کریں اور اس بات کی کوشش کریں کہ ہمارے ملک مین Black-marketting درست نہیں ہے۔ یہاں کی داکو اور پہاڑی لوگ افسران میں ملے ہوئے ہیں۔ یہاں کے ایسے افسران کے خلاف سخت ایکشن لیا جانا چاہئے، ضرورت اس بات کی ہے کہ یہاں کے افسران کی جو موجودہ ذہنیت ہے وہ درست ہو اور وہ اپنے آپ کو Public servant سمجھیں اور اپنی ڈیوٹی اچھی چرح سے انجام دیں۔ ہم میں سے ہر شخص خواہ وہ میمبر ہو۔ وزیر ہو یا کوئی افسر ہو یہ ہی فرض ہونا چاہیئے۔

صاحب صدر! اب میں اپنے بذرگ مرحوم غلام حسین ہدایت اللہ کی وفات کے بارے میں چند الفاظ کہنا چاہتا ہوں۔ شیخ صاحب مرحوم جیسا کہ مختلف مقررین نے کہا ہے وہ سندھ کے ممتاز فرزندان میں سے تھے۔ جنہوں نے سندھ کی بڑی خدمات انجام دین ہیں۔ سندھ کوBombay سے علحدھ کرانے مین اور سندھیوں کے حقوق کی حفاظت کیلئے انہوں نے ہمیشہ پوری تندہی سے کام لیا ہے۔ مجھے ایکLabourer Representative  کی حیثیت سے اس امر کا کئی بار موقعہ ملا کہ مزدورون کے strikes کے سلسلہ میں مین hon’ble Late Prime Minister Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah کے پاس گیا۔ انہوں نے مزدوروں کیلئے سرمایہ داروں کے جھگڑے اور مقابلہ میں ہمیشہ فراخ دلی کیساتھ انصاف سے کام لیتے ہوئے مزدوروں کے مطالبات دلانے میں ہمیشہ ہمارا ساتھ دیا۔ مرحوم بہت دور اندیش تھے۔ اور ان کی بڑی خوبی تھی کہ وہ کبھی بھی اپنے دشمن سے بدلا لینا نہیں جانتے تھے۔ کئی بار ایسا ہوا کہ سیاسی معاملات کے سلسلہ میں مرحوم کے خلاف ہم نے نعرے لگائے لیکن کبھی میرے اہپر اس بات کا اظہار نہیں کیا کہ انکو اس بات کا ذرہ برابر بھی احساس ہے۔ مرحوم اپنی بساط کے مطابق جہ انکی Understanding تھی اور اپنے خیال کے مطابق سندھ کی خدمت کرنا چاہتے تھے۔ اور سندھ کے تمام باشندوں کیلئے اور تمام سندھ کی خیرخواہ تھے۔ وہ یہ چاہتے تھے کہ سندھ میں ھندو مسلمانوں کے درمیاں اچھے تعلقات قائم رہیں۔ مرحوم نے سندھ کی خدمت کرتے ہوئے انتقال کیا۔ یہ سندھ کا بہت بڑا Loss ہے۔ ہمیں مسٹر انور ہدایت اللہ اور ان کے خاندان کے دوسرے رفقاء کے ساتھ دلی ہمدردی ہے۔

اسیطرح سے مین اس ریزولیوشن کی بھی تائید کرتا ہوں جسکا تعلق Late Mohd. Azam Sahib سے ہے۔ مرحوم اس اسمبلی کے ممبر تھے اور کچھ عرصہ تک ہماری گورنمنٹ کے عزیر بھی رہے۔ ہمیں انکی خدمت اور انکی family کا بہت احساس ہے۔ اور ہمیں بیحد افسوس اس امر کا ہے کہ مرحوم ایک بڑی فیملی چھوڑ کر رخصت ہوئے۔ یقینی طور پر ہمیں ان کے عزیزوں اور پسماندگان کے ساتھ ہمدردی ہے۔ ان الفاظ کے ساتھ میں اپنی تقریر کو ختم کرتا ہوں۔

The Honourable Mr. MIRAN MOHAMMAD SHAH: In order to refresh your memory and for guidance of the Honourable Members, after hearing my Honourable friend who made an illuminating speech, I should like to draw your attention to Rules 101 and 92.

L(IV) 1385-3

Rule 101 reads: “Except with the permission of the Speaker no speech on a resolution shall exceed fifteen minitues in duration.

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: There is no clock in this house.

سيد علي اڪبر شاھ : جناب صدر- آءُ هن آنربل هائوس اڳيان موجوده پيش ڪيل تعزيت جي ٺهراءَ جي تائيد ڪندي عرض ڪرڻ ٿو گهران ته مرحوم قاعد اعظم محمد علي جناح هتي ڪراچي ۾ ڄائو هو ۽ جهرڪن جي شهر ۾ پرورش حاصل ڪيائين. مرحوم سنڌ مدرسي ۾ تعليم حاصل ڪرڻ کانپوءِ انگلينڊ مان بئيريسٽري جي ڊگري حاصل ڪئي ۽ موٽي اچي بمبئي ۾ وڪالت شروع ڪيائين جتي هو صاحب سياست جي ميدان ۾ ڪاهي پيو ۽ انهيءَ زماني ۾ ڪانگريس هئي ان ۾ شرڪت ڪئي. انهيءَ کانپوءِ جڏهن مرحوم ڏٺو ته ڪانگريس مسلمانن کي فائدو نه ٿي پهچائي تڏهن مرحوم، ڪانگريس ڇڏي ۽ ڪانگريس کان الڳ ٿي مسلمانن جي رهنمائيءَ جو ڪم هٿ ۾ کنيو ۽ پنهنجي پوري ايمانداري ۽ ثابت قدميءَ سان پنهنجي مقصد کي وڏي پيماني تي ڪامياب ڪيو. هن صاحب هندو مسلم جو حل پاڪستان سمجهيو ۽ پاڪستان جي حصول جو حل مسلم ليگ ۾ سمجهيائين ۽ پنهنجي انهيءَ مقصد ۾ ڪامياب ٿيو-

حقيقت ۾  پاڪستان جي تجويز ۽ تحريڪ مرحوم ڊاڪٽر اقبال 1920ع ۾ پيش ڪئي تنهن کانپوءِ اسانجي قاعد اعظم مرحوم محمد علي جناح 1940 جي مسلم ليگ جي اجلاس ۾ ريزوليوشن جي صورت ۾ پيش ڪئي ۽ چيائين ته هو پاڪستان جي حاصل ڪرڻ لاءِ سڄي مسلم قوم کي پوريطرح منتظم ڪري پنهنجو مقصد حاصل ڪندو ۽ انهيءَ کانپوءِ زبردست قلمي ۽ دماغي جدو جهد ڪيائين جنهن جي ڪري ڪراچي اڄ پاڪستان جو دارالحڪومت قائم ڪيائين ۽ اسان جي سنڌ اسيمبلي ۾ ئي پهريون دفع لارڊ مائونٽبيٽن انگريزن جي شاهي عيوضيءَ جي حيثيت ۾ پاڪستان ۽ هندوستان کي جدا ڪرڻ واسطي اچي پيغام پڙهيائين جو پيغام انگلينڊ جي بادشاه جي طرفان  هو. انهيءَ کان اڳ ۾ سنڌ اسيمبلي ۾ داخل ٿيڻ وقت هن قاعد اعظم کي پنهنجي اڳيان ڪيو. اهڙيطرح سنڌ اسيمبليءَ مان اسانجو قاعد اعظم پنهنجو مقصد حصول پاڪستان پنهنجي حياتيءَ ۾ حاصل ڪري سونهري تلوار لڙڪائيندو ٻاهر نڪتو.

جناب صدر! اهڙا تمام ٿورا ليڊر ٿيندا آهن جن پنهنجي حياتيءَ ۾ ئي پنهنجي ڪمائيءَ جو ڦل ڏٺو هجي. انهن ٿورن ليڊرن مان اسانجو مرحوم قاعد اعظم محمد علي جناح هڪ هو جنهن پنهنجي حياتيءَ ۾ ڦل ڏٺو.

هندوستان جو وڏو ليڊر مهاتما گانڌي هو ۽ عام مقبوليت وارو ماڻهو هو ۽ گجراتي هو ۽ مسلمانن جو پاڪستان لاءِ ليڊر حضرت قاعد اعظم هو.

حقيقت ۾ بمبئي جي ليڊرن هندوستان ۽ پاڪستان جي آزادي لاءَ گڏجي ڪم ڪيو پر الله تعاليٰ اسانجي قاعد اعظم کي وڏي ڪاميابي ٿوري عرصي اندر بخشي جا مهاتما گانڌيءَ کي نصيب نه ٿي. جا ڪاميابي اسانجي قاعد اعظم کي 8 سالن ۾ نصيب ٿي سا مهاتما گانڌيءَ ۽ ڪانگريس کي 60 سالن نصيب ٿي پروف اهو آهي جو مهاتما گانڌيءَ کي هٿ ۾ سوٽي ۽ هيٺ ٿي ڪري پنهنجي مقصد ۾ ڪامياب ٿو ٿئي پر اسانجو قاعداعظم پنهنجي لباس ۾ تبديلي اها آندي جو هن شلوار ۽ شيرواني پاتي ۽ اڄ انهيءَ عزت ڀرئي لباس کي وڏا وڏا آفيسر ۽ وڏا وڏا ليڊر پائڻ فخر ٿا سمجهن، ۽ اهڙي طرح هندوستان ۾ مهاتما گانڌي جي ڪري ڌوتي پائين ٿا. مهاتما گانڌيءَ جي حياتي چڱي گذري پر سندس موت سندس وڏي ۾ وڏي دوست جي گهر ۾ سندس چيلي جي هٿان روالور جي ڌڪ سان ٿيو. پر اسانجي قائداعظم جي وفات نهايت عزت ۽ قدرتي طور ٿي. مرحوم پنهنجي حياتيءَ ۾ وڏو انقلاب آندو. ولايت جي تعليم ۽ تهذيب کان بلڪل بدلجي ويو ۽ پنهنجي حياتي قرآني اثر هيٺ آندي. هن مرحوم اهو برابر ته قرآني تعليم ئي آهي جا قوم کي قوم ڪري سگهي ٿي ۽ زبردست حڪومت مسلمان قائم ڪري سگهندا. اهڙيطرح مرحوم پاڻکي پنهنجي حياتيءَ کي قرآني تعليم ڏني جو پاڻ اڳ پڙهيل ڪونه هو ۽ قرآني اصولن تي تحريڪ هلايائين ۽ قرآني اصولن تي حڪومت ٺاهڻ لاءِ برابر اعلان خالقڏني حال ۾ ڪيائين جتي مونکي ياد آهي ته آل انڊيا مسلم ليگ جي موقع تي گڏ ٿياسين جتي جمال ميان اعتراض اٿاريو ته پاڪستان ملڻ کان اڳ ملسم ليگ اسلامي اصول تي حڪومت قائم ڪرڻ جا واعدا ڏنا هوا پر اسان هينئر ڏسون ٿا ته قرآني حڪومت رائج نه ٿي آهي تنهن ڪري هينئر مسلم ليگ جو نالو ڦيرائي ٻيو نالو رکجي ۽ مسلمان قوم کي به مسلم قوم نه سڏجي. اتي مرحوم قاعداعظم اٿي چيو ته “ائين نه آهي! جيئن مون چيو آهي ۽ واعدو ڪيو آهي انهي تي مان قائم آهيان ۽ مسلم ليگ قائم آهي. جڏهن به نئين     constitution ٺهي ته اها قرآني ideals ۽ Principles  ( آئيڊيل ۽ پرنسپل) تي هوندي ۽ اهوئي هڪ رستو آهي جنهن تي مضبوط حڪومت قائم ٿي سگهي ٿي ۽ انهي کانسواءِ ٻيو ڪوبه رستو ڪونه آهي.” مان ڏسان ٿو ته قاعداعظم مرحوم مسلمانن کي هڪڙي قوم ڪرڻ ۾ ڪامياب ٿيو-

اهي تحريڪون گهڻن ليڊرن هلايون پر ڪامياب ڪو نه ٿيا ۽ آخر قاعد اعظم هندوستان کي آزاد ڪرايو ۽ آزاد پاڪستان حاصل ڪيو ۽ مسلمانن کي سلامت رکڻ لاءِ اهو ڪم ڪيو جنهن ۾ هو ڪامياب ٿيو.

انهي کانپوءِ جناب صدر! آنريبل سر غلام حسين هڪ پهريون سنڌي سنڌ جو گورنر ٿيو ۽ سنڌ جي سرزمين ۾ ڄاول هو. هن پنهنجي ترقي شاهي نموني ۾ ڪئي. هو حيدرآباد شهر ۾ پهريائين لوڪلبورڊ جو پريزيڊنٽ ٿيو ۽ تنهن کانپوءِ حيدرآباد جي طرفان بمبئي ڪائونسل تي ميمبر انتخاب ٿيو ۽ تنهن کانپوءِ حيدرآباد جي طرفان بمبئي ڪائونسل تي ميمبر انتخاب ٿيو، جتي وزير به ٿيو ۽ گورنر به ٿيو. هن صاحب ئي سکر ۾ بيراج کولڻ جي رسم ادا ڪئي.

جناب صدر- مرحوم محمد اعظم به حيدرآباد ۾ ڄاول هو ۽ هڪ انقلابي نوجوان انسان هو. ٿوري وقت ۾ ئي پبلڪ لائين ۾ ڪامياب ٿيو ته سندس  موت ٿيو.

انهن لفظن سان آءُ انهن ٽنهي ريزوليوشن جي تائيد ٿو ڪريان-

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Before I put these resolution to the House, I associate myself from the chair with the feelings and sentiments expressed by the various Honourable members of this House.

Now I am putting the resolutions to the House.

The Honourable MIR GHULAM ALI KHAN TALPUR: Sir, we shall rise and pass this resolution.

Mr. KAZI FAZALULLAH: First pass the resolution and then we will request Shah Sahib to say fateha (Prayer).

THE HONOURABLE THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Now I put the resolution:

(Question put and agreed to.)

The resolutions are passed.

Now let us rise in our seats as a mark of respect to the memory of the departed Leaders.

(A short prayer was offered by Honourable Member Sayed Ali Akbar Shah with all members rising in their seats.)

The house is adjourned till 3 o’ clock tomorrow

 

 

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