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AUGUST EVENT DATES

 

 

 

1st August

1832: The Government of Bombay intimates Colonel Pottenger of: A), appointment of Lieutenant Colonel Litchfield to the command of the expedition against Tharparkar, B) Vesting Colonel Pottenger with general political superintendence and management of expedition and measures consequent on its termination, C) Directing that Lieutenant William Pottenger should accompany the expedition in civil capacity and afford to Lieutenant Litchfield advantage of his experience and knowledge of Sindh Auxiliaries. (Source:Bombay Government’s letter No.162).
1842: Ross Bell, who played a vital role in favour of his Government in upper Sindh, is dead. His death is reported to the Government of India by Lieutenant Brown. (Source: Brown’s letter No.2072).
1857: Assistant Commissioner for Jageers furnishes the detailed report to the Sindh Commissioner on : A) Genological tree of the Shahdadanees, Shahwanees, Khananees, and Manikaness, B) Roll of every member or professed member of the four great Talpur families holding alienated land in Sindh but not included in the list of members recommended for Sardariship or special promotion. (Source: Assistant Commissioner’s letter Nos. 110 & 111).
1901: The Larkano District comes into existence. New District is formed out of Karachi and Shikarpur districts. (Source: Sindh Official Gazette).
1920: It is a day of turning point in the politics of the united India. Congress and Khilafat have decided to launch Non-Co-Operation Movement against the British Government of India. The movement starts today and lasted up to 12th of February 1922. It was the longest political struggle. Today, ‘Third Khilafat Day’ is observed in the length and breadth of Sindh. More than hundred branches of Khilafat Tahrik and about fifty branches of Congress took processions, held public meetings and pledged to get rid of slavery. The source-material on this one event is sufficient to produce two books. (Source: Newspapers).
1948: Beginning of detortion of history starts in Pakistan. Lahore Corporation sets example. MintoPark is renamed as IqbalPark. (Source: Newspapers).
1950: Special Board is constituted by the Government to resolve problems of Indian Muslim migrants presently living in Sindh. The are to be rehabilitate properly. The Prime Minister is taking personal interest in the matter. (Source: ibd).
1951: It is hearing of the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case today. Cross questioning from the witness, by the Advocate Lari starts. (Source: ibd).
1953: Lieutenant Colonel Iskandar Mirza is promoted as an honourary Major General. (Source: ibd).
1955: The Government of Pakistan with ‘approval’/instructions of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) re-fixes the par value of the Pakistani Rupee. The new parity is 0.186621 grams of fine gold per rupee or rupee 4.76190 per U.S dollar. (Source: ibd).
1959: President Ayub inaugurates Korangi Colony consisting of 1500 Quarters. Muhajreen, either from India, or NWFP will be rehabilitated. (Source: Newspapers) And what about local/Sindhis?
1969: U.S.A President Nixon is decorated with highest Pakistani Civil Award ‘Nishan-i-Pakistan’, by President Yahya Khan. (Source: ibd).
1972: Indian Lok Sabha ratifies the ‘Simla Agreement’, but is is being opposed in streets of Pakistan with impression that Z.A.Bhutto has lost diplomatic battle in Simla. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1973: PML Chief Pir Pagaro demands fresh elections under neutral government, addresses Press Conference in Lahore. (Source: Newspapers).

 

2nd August

1927; Serious Hindu-Muslim riots at Bettiah in Bihar arise over a Hindu Sabha procession resulted in eight casualties (seven Muslims & One Hindu) and in several persons being injured. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1927).
1938: Sir Haji Abdullah Haroon appeal to Muslim League organizations in Sindh to preserve the dignity and existence of the community by asserting themselves in the same way as the Congress Hindus. (Source; ‘Source-Material on Sindh Muslim League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1945: Acharya J.B. Kripalani, General Secretary of the Congress, in a speech in Bombay says that the Muslim League had escaped all blames for the breakdown of the Simla talks because it was the pet child of British Imperialism. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1945).
1956: The West Pakistan Assembly adopts a resolution favouring separate electorate. (Source: Newspapers)
1957: Pakistan will never recognize Israel, says Hussain Shaheed Suharwardi, Prime Minister of Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers).
1971: East PakistanUniversities and Colleges re-open after five months. (Source: Newspapers).
1973: Wali Khan is elected UDF’s Parliamentary Party Leader. (Source: ‘Source-Material on NAP’, compiled by Gulhayat Institute).
1974: Z.A.Bhutto approves a University and Radio station for Khairpur. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1991: Fifteen PPP MNAs and MPAs meet Sindh Chief Minister Jam Sadiq Ali and express confidence in him. (Source: ‘Chronology of PPP’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

3rd August

1838: Mir Rustam Khan is approached by the Government of India to put the frantic Nasr-u-ddin in confinement and to hold him responsible for mischief committed by him with Diplomats of their Government. (Source: Letter of dated 3rd August 1838).
1844: Sir Charles Napier, Governor of Sindh makes complain to Government of India against Lieutenant Colonel Outram that he had published a libel in the public prints reflecting on his character as Governor of Sindh and demands protection against the libel in question. (Source: Governor’s letter of 3rd August 1844).
1949: Sindh Commissioner issues orders that English year be adopted in revenue proceedings and accounts. Source: Order/Circular No.1536).
1920: In response to the call of the Sindh Khilafat Committee for Non-Co-Operation with the Government, Mulan Muhammad Bachal of Muhammad Hassan Jalbani village announces not to apply or accept Government aid for his Maktab/School in future. (Source: Al-Wahid, Karachi)
1939: The 89 political prisoners who were on hunger-strike in the Dum Dum and Alipur jails since July 7, decided to suspend their fast for two months. The decision followed an appeal by Sj. Subahas Chandra Bose. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1939). 
1947: Governor-Generals for India and Governors for Provinces are appointed. M.A. Jinnah is appointed as the Governor-General of Pakistan where as Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah is appointed as Sindh Governor. (Source: Newspapers).
1971: Z.A. Bhutto demands quiting of Pakistan from Common Wealth. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1990: It is turning point in the history of Sindhi Journalism. The ‘Kawish’ is founded by Ali Qazi at Hyderabad. It is break through in the field of readers approach. Now Sindhi people and Journalism are near and dear to each other. 
1992: Despite threats of mass resignations by the PDA, my Government will complete its term, claims Nawaz Sharif. (Source: ‘ Source-Material on PML-N’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

4th August

1940: The Board of the Independent Muslims (Azad) Conference meets in New Delhi, under the presidency of K.B. Allah Bux Soomro to discuss the questionnaire regarding rights of the minorities. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1940).
1947: Special Military Command Punjab Boundary Force is set up to ensure law & order in 12 districts where disturbances have started. (Source: Newspapers).
1948: Abdul Samad Achakzai is house arrested. (source: Newspapers),
1954: The Government of Pakistan approves the National Anthem written by Hafiz Jalandhri and composed by Chagla. Sindh’s contribution is visible. Hafiz Jalandhri had remaind Court Poet in Khairpur and Chagla was from Karachi (Source: ibd).
1955: Women Rights Commission is constituted by the Government to revise and recommend amendments in Family Law. (Source: ibd).
1959: Not people, but now 80,000 BDs Members will elect President and Parliament of Pakistan. The decision is taken in this regard. (Source: ibd).
1971: Pakistan accepts proposal of the Secretary General of U.N.O to appoint representatives of U.H High Commission for refugees on both sides of East Pakistan and Indian border. (Source: ibd).
1972: Simla Agreement comes into force with the exchange of the instruments of ratification. (Source: ibd).
1991: PDA, including Benazir Bhutto observe token hunger-strike throughout country and alleged political victimization by IJI government . (Source: ‘Chronology of PPP’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

5th August

1843: The Governor-General of India sanctions the scale of allowances proposed by Lieutenant Gordon for the maintenance of ex-Sindh Rulers. (Source: Correspondence related to Sinde)
1848: Seth Naumal, who played anti-Sindh role and made it possible for East India Company Government of India to snatch her independence, was disicussed by Sir Charles Napier, the first Governor of Sindh; today submits his defence before Captain Young, Judge Advocate-General in Sindh. (Source: Memoirs of Seth Naumal).
1909: Shri Swami Hasnsaswaroopji Mahraj, the well-known Hindi orator and preacher delivers his first lecture in Hindi on ‘Hindu Religion’ on the invitation of ‘Sanatan Dharm Sabha’, in its office situated on Lidbitter Road, Karachi. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1922: Propaganda Secretary of the Larkano Khilafat Committee is arrested in Ratodero under Section 108 C.P.C (Source: The Daily Alwahid).
1934: ‘Sindh Young Congressities League’ is formed at Karachi. Miss Nirmala Lalwani is its founder president. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1976: Foundation stone lying ceremony of the BinQasimPort is performed by Z.A.Bhutto (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1992: Privatisation task to continue despite opposition, declares Nawaz Sharif. (Source: ‘Source-Material on PMLN’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1993: Mir Murtaza Bhutto, now in Syria, applies for the allotment of an election symbol different from PPP. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

6th August

1843: The Governor-General of India requests the Sindh Governor to handover three forts of Guttoorah, Shahgarah and Gurisa to His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan (Source: letter No.289 from Governor-General).
1920: Following Khilafatis of Merokhan in response to call of their party tender their resignations: Allahdino (Police Department), Wadero Lutf Ali Khan, Wadero Rasool Bux Khan; Wadero Yar Ali Khan; Wadero Muhammad Bachal Tunio (All from School Board membership). (Source: ibd).
1928: Sindh Khilafat Committee decides to boycott local bodies elections and asks party members and followers not to take part. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid).
1945: M.A.Jinnah, addressing a meeting in Bombay expressed the view that India should strive for a final constitutional settlement rather than grope foe an interim agreement (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1945).
1946: Liaquat Ali Khan, Secretary All India Muslim League declares that the possibility of the formation of a Government at the centre by the Congress should be a signal for the Muslim League to start its program of ‘Direct Action Day’ so that ‘we can resist it by all means and make the functioning of such a Government impossible’. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1946).
1947: Liaquat Ali Khan along with his family reaches Karachi by chartered Aeroplane. (Source: Newspapers).
1955: Major-General Iskandar Mirza is appointed Acting Governor-General, vice Malik Ghulam Muhammad proceeds on leave. (Source: ibd).
1974: Conservation and preservation of Mohen-Jo-Daro is ordered by Z.A.Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1977: PNA leaders starts reaching Lahore. Anti-Government movement to start soon.(Source: Newspapers).
1990: President Ghulam Ishaq dissolves National Assembly. Dismisses Cabinet, declares state of emergency.( Source: Presidential Order)
1993: PPP Co-Chairperson Benazir Bhutto resents Election Commission’s decision of producing of Identity Card at polling. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

7th August

 1832: There is correspodence between Colonel Pottenger and Adjutant-General of Army, Bombay regarding assemblage of forces to act against the plunders. (Source: Letter No.123). 
1841: Sindh Rulers agree to pay half of the expenditure if Sindh and Begari canals are made serviceable for navigation and extending the irrigation already supplied for them. (Source: Letter No.62 from Captain Stacry to Captain Wallace).
1843: The Governor-General of India writes to Charles Napier giving his opinion about miscalculations of Major Outram and approves all the actions taken by Charles Napier timely, correct and accordingly.(Letter from Calcutta). This may kindly be noted that Major Outram played anti-Charles Napier role and opposed his action in regard Sindh and Rulers.
1857: The Medical Board to the Government of Bombay approves and recommends proposal of the Sindh Commissioner that medical arrangements for residents at Manora and neighbouring villages of Baba and Keamari be made. (Source: Letter No.1358).
1921: Sirai Sabz Ali takes initiate to open branch of pro-British political party- Aman Sabha at Nasirabad. He is elected its founder president, whereas Seth Naromal & Seth Aildas are elected Vice President and Secretary respectively. Wadero Muhammad Sidiq Wagan always helped them to hold public meetings and to preach loyalty for British Government (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1922: There is competition between Seth Gidumal Fatihchand and Seth Chelaram Dilomal in donation and financial support to ‘Hindu Township Peoples’ Association’ of Karachi in regards with its efforts to establish Open Library and Reading Room. (source: The Daily Gazette).
1947: Quaid-i-Azam reaches Karachi. Jhrik-born leader is now the First Governor-General of Pakistan. What a great role has played Sindh in the creation of Pakistan ! (Source: Newspapers).
1959: An Ordinance is promulgate to purify politics and society. Who so ever , if deemed fit can be disqualified with immediate effect. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Aitzaz Hassan joins Tahrik Istaqlal, Mir Ali Ahmad Talpur, Mir Rasool Bux Talpur; Abdul Hameed Jatoi and Haji Moula Bux Soomro join PNA. (Source: ibd).
1990: Rais Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi is sworn in as Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan. U.S backs move of President Ghulam Ishaq Khan for dissolving assemblies. (Source:ibd).

 

8th August

1854: Camel train is started between Karachi and Multan for carrying post and official correspondence via Kotri, Hyderabad; Sehwan; Larkano; Shikarpur; Jacobabad; Sabzal Kot and Bahawalpur. After every twelve miles camels were replaced by fresh camels.(source: Sindh Journal of Historical Society).
1920: Third Special train of Sindhi migrants reaches Peshawar (Source: Al-Wahid).
1921: Valecha, District Congress leader of Sukkur, editor of Daily ‘Saweaj’ is served upon Show Cause Notice for publishing an appeal in his paper. (Source: The Daily Gazette).
1931: The All-India Hindu Mahasabha in its 13th session held at Akola, passes the resolution against the separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency and deplores inadequate and highly defective representation of Sindhi Hindus on the Round Table Conference. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1931).
1939: The Daily Al-Wahid in its course of editorial asks Sindhi Muslims to take active part in the movement for the restoration of Masjid Manzilgah. (Source: indicated).
1950: Pakistan Federal Union of Journalist if formed.(Source: Newspapers).
1955: One-Unit scheme is finalized. Punjab to get 40 per cent seats in the Assembly of West Pakistan (Source: ibd).
1957: Shaikh Mujeeb resigns as the minister for Trade and Commerce in the Government of East Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers).
1965: Pakistan cannot sacrifice her soverignty and self-respect at alters of economic assistance. U.S, in interest of her global politics, asks us to make adjustment in country’s foreign policy but, We make it clear that Pakistan is not ready to accept it, says Z.A.Bhutto (source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1977: Bhutto says his life is in danger and foreign powers has hand in it. Asks PNA to eschew differences with him. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1979: Zia is firm holding polls on November 17, says Asghar Khan. (Source: Newspapers).
1990: Benazir Bhutto directly blames army, terms dismissal of her Government as undemocratic. (Soure: ‘Source-material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

9th  August

1843: Governor-General of India acknowledges and offers his comments on Charles Napier’s correspondence with Sindh Rulers before the fall of Hyderabad. (Source:Letter No.298).
1844: Government of India approves action of the Sindh Governor to bring the 39 ringleaders of the 6th Regiment, N.1, to trial before a general Court Martial (Source: letter No.169).
1942: All-India Congress Committee launches ‘Quit India’ Movement. Sindh Congress played its praiseworthy role. (Source: Newspapers).
1947: First outrage is committed on Pakistan Special Train. The railway line is blown up 15 miles west of Bhatinda. (Source: Newspapers).
1957: Lahore to remain Head Quarter of the West Pakistan. No need of shifting it to any other place, declares the Governor Akhtar Hussain. (Source: ibd).
1967: The World Bank approves a loan of 35 million dollar to the Pakistan Industrial Credit & Investment Corporation (PICIC). Sindh has still not produced an scholar/ Economist who can work on all aids and loans received by the Pakistan Government and their Sector-wise and province-wise utilization from 1947 to date. (Source: Newspapers). 
1971: Mujeeb will be tried by a Special Military Court for waging war against Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1972: Crack down on Sindhi Nationalists. PPP Government makes large scale arrests in the length and breadth of Sindh. G.M.Syed is also arrested. (Source: ibd).
1973: NAP decides to join UDF’s civil disobedience campaign from 24th August. (Source: ibd).
1977: 43 PPP workers are arrested in Lahore for disturbing PNA leaders meeting. (Source: ibd)

 

10th August

1840: Major Outram reports to the Government of India about hostile feelings and designs of Jam of Bella for the East India Company Government of India (Source: Letter No. 639)
1849: Genological memoranda of the Talpur families is prepared by the Collector of Hyderabad. It reveals that Murad was the father of all talpurs. Memoranda provides inforamation about Mohanie Dorke, Koorkani, Kuppani and MankaneeTalpurs, (Source: Letter No. 1019).
1947: The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan meets at Karachi. 40 members from East Bengal (Pakistan), 17 fero Punjab, 3 from NWFP, 4 from Sindh and one member from Balochistan participate. Quaid-i-Azam is elected the President, whereas Moulvi Tamizuddin becomes Vice President. (Source: Newspapers).
1953: The District Sanghar comes into existence. Sanghar, Sinjhoro and Pithoro talukas of Tharparkar and Shahdadpur taluka of Nawabshah are included in this new district. (Source: Sindh Government’s Notification).
1969: Hyder Bux Jatoi is arrested (Source: Newspapers).
1971: U.S.A voices concern over the trial of Shaikh Mujeeb-u-Rahman. (Source: ibd).
2012: Imdad Ali Odho alongwith his son Sarwech Odho establishes The Radio Voice of Sindh, U.K. Sincec last two years the Radio has proved its worth as representative and voice of Sindh. Sarwech Odho did a wonderful work and have donated major part of Radio’s Oral Archives to Sindh Archives on the request of Dr.Dur Muhammad Pathan.

 

11th  August

1939: Ross Bell, Political Agent, Upper Sindh requests Government of India for permission and sanctioning of the enrollment of 200 Afghan horsemen. (Source: Letter of date as indicated).
1857: Captain Merewether, Political Superintendent, Upper Sindh prepares and sends proposal to the Commissioner for Navigable Canal from river Indus to the new town of Kashmore. He writes that the cost of the project is Rs.10,000, one third of which was to be met by local contribution and the remainder by the Government. (Source: Letter No. 291).
1929: A closely guarded and secret meeting of Jinnah, Gandhi and Ali Brothers is arranged by Mrs. Sarojini Naidu at Bombay ostensibly, it is assumed, with a view to amend the Nehru Report in such a way as to make it fully acceptable to all sections of Muslims. The conversation is not however made public. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Voll-11. 1929).
1955: A nine-Non Muslim League – United Front Government /Ministry is sworn in with Chowdri Muhammad Ali as Prime Minister. (Source: Newspapers).
1969: India lodges protest the construction of the Karakorum Highway between China and Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1971: Joint Indo-Soviet Communique, issued in New Delhi demands urgent measures to bring political solution in East Pakistan (Source: ibd)
1977: Z.A.Bhutto threats to boycott elections if partiality observed. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1992: Benazir Bhutto opposes proposed amendment in Pakistan Penal Code and Criminal Penal Code proposing death sentence for blaspheming the Holy Prophet P.B.U.H. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

12th August

1848: Sindh Commissioner directs all Collectors of districts to furnish his office information about Antiquities and ancient of their respective districts.(Source: Circular letter No.2199).
1939: The Daily Al-Wahid of Karachi in course of its editorial deplores the policy of Jamiat-i-Ulema Sindh regarding agitation for restoration of the Masjid Manzilgah. This may kindly be noted that Moulana Muhammad Sadik of Khada and Hakim Fatih Muhammad Sehwani were not in favour of agitation and wanted to resolve the issue through deliberations and politically. However, they were demanding the restoration of Mosque as and like other Muslims.
1943: K.B.Muhammad Ayub Khuhro presides over Muslim League Conference at Matiari (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Muslim League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1946: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Congress President is invited by the Viceroy to form an interim Government at the Centre. Criticizing the Congress Committee’s resolution, M.A.Jinnah says that the resolution of the 10th August is only a repeatation of the Congress stand taken by them from the very beginning only put in a different language and phraseology. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1946). 
1948: Several followers of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan are killed in firing by police in Bhabhra on orders of the NWFP Chief Minister Khan Abdul Qayoon Khan. (Source: Newspapers).
1960: The First Housing Census of Pakistan starts (Source: Newspapers).
1965: China offers 30,000 tons of steal, 1,00,000 tons of coal and 15,000 tons of cement to Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1969: Pakistan Democratic Movement is dissolved. (Source: ibd).
1990: People’s Work Program is disband. Government charges PPP regime for giving their henchmen billion of rupees. (Source: Newspapers)
1991: APC attended by 23 opposition groups demands immediate fresh, free and fair election under a caretaker Government of national consensus. (Source: ibd)

 

13th August

1843: Sindh Governor, Sir Charles Napier, while writing to the Governor-General of India criticizes the role played by Major Outram in Sindh. He writes that Major Outram had many years lived on terms of personal contacts with Sindh Rulers, and I vainly imagined he had some influence with them- an influence which it was my duty to call into play in the hopes of preventing war. I therefore sent him to Hyderabad , but I saw that the Amirs were making use of him to ensure the destruction of the force under my command. (Source: ‘Correspondence related to Sinde’).
1939: The Daily Al-Wahid of Karachi carries a letter of Ali Gohar Lahori of Larkano, in which he has informed that he has donated Rs.50 to the Masjid Manzilgah Restoration Committee through Qazi Fazlullah and is ready to pay more if desired by the Committee. (Source: indicated).
1954: It is the for the first time that the National Anthem of Pakistan is broadcasted by the Radio Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1963: Malik Amir Muhammad Khan, General Moosa Khan and Z.A.Bhutto are awarded ‘Hilal-i-Pakistan’ by President Ayub. It is amazing to note that none of them had natural death and all were killed. (Source: Newspapers).
1972: Khair Bux Mari is elected as president of NAP Balochistan (Source: ibd).
1973: Z.A.Bhutto is elected as the Prime Minister of Pakistan. He second to none in a way that being a civilian, he became Chief Martial law administrator. He availed all important positions such as Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and President. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1979: Proposal of Zia for proportional representation is rejected by all major parties, such as PPP.JUI and PNA. (Source: ibd).

 

14th August

1838; Colonel Pottenger informs his Government that differences are visible between Talpurs and Lagharis .(Source:Letter No.89).
1917: Karachi Preem Mandli invites Dr.Chithram Gidwani to deliver lecture and share account of the Shikarpur Conference. New High School of Karachi is selected for the event. (Source: The Daily Gazette).
1923: Amalsing of Ratodero who was sentenced to imprisonment under 108 C.P for taking part in the Non-Co-Operation Movement, is released today. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Congress’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1936: Founders of the ‘Sindh Ithah Party’ meet at the residence of Sir Haji Abdullah Haroon and discuss the Rules, Regulations and Constitution of the party. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid).
1942: The meeting of the Working Committee of the Muslim League is hold the probe into the reported misappropriation in the ‘Flood Fund’. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Muslim League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1947: British India is divided and today new country-Pakistan, comes into existence with Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah as its founder Governor-General .Sindh played a leading role in creation of Pakistan. The Sindh Legislative Assembly was the first and last Legislative Assembly, that supported and opted for Pakistan. In this regard the resolution was moved by G.M.Syed. The founder of Pakistan-M.A.Jinnah was born in Jhirk, Sindh. The first and last Annual Session of the All-India Muslim League (before Pakistan) was held in Sindh (Karachi). The founder President of the All-India Muslim League was Sir Agha Khan who was born in Sindh.
1973: The present one Constitution is enforced . Ch.Fazul Illahi and Z.A.Bhutto take oath of the President and the Prime Minister of Pakistan.

 

15th August

1888: The ‘Social Reforms Association’ of Hyderabad is registerd under ‘Company Act-V1 of 1884’. The NGO was formed by Sadhu Hiranand, Raj Rashi Dyaram Gidumal, Diwan Navalrai, Diwan Tarachand and Khouromal Chandanmal Khilnani. This NGO established and run more than five girls schools in Hyderabad. (Source: Books on biographies of Sadhu Hiranand & Dyaram Gidumal).
1922: Sindh observes ‘Ghazi Kamal Pasha Day’ on the call of the Sindh Khilafat Committee. All branches hold public meetings and condemn anti-Turkey designs of countries those have imposed war on Turkey also. Speakers paid homage to the great leader of Turky and highlighted his life and achievements. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid).
1947: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah takes oath as the Governor-General of Pakistan. The oath is administered by Justice A.Rashid, Chief Justice of Lahore High Court. Liaquat Ali Khan forms his cabinet consisting of Sardar Abdul Rab Nishtar, Raja Ghazanfar Ali, Fazul Rahman, I.I.Chundrigar, Ghulam Muhammad and Jagandar Nath. No Sindhi is included in the cabinet.However the capital of Pakistan will be in Sindh. (Source: Newspapers).
1975: Bengalis kill their father of nation. Shaikh Mujeeb who fought for independence of his country is killed by army of his own country. (Source: Newspapers)
1984: There is fight for all between Sindh and Punjabi students of SindhMedicalCollege, Karachi. Punjabi Medicos demanded FIRs to be lodged and Sindhi students to face trial For so many days the issue got full coverage of the press. Hafiz Muhammad Ismail of Khada, editor of Al-Sadiq decided to to bring ‘Al-Sadiq Sindh Medicos’ Number’. Hafiz Muhammad Sidik Memon collected posters, pamphlets and other relevant literature ad Dr. Dur Muhammad Pathan made draft and compiled material. Government got the information and the press where the material was under printing press was taken in custody by the police. Hafiz Muhammad Ismail was arrested and he saved skin of Dr.Dur Muhammad Pathan and Hafiz Muhammad Sidik by giving statement that he was all alone for collection and compilation of the ‘Number’ under print.

 

16th August

1843: in his letter to the Governor-General of India, Sir Charles Napier defends his position regarding supporting His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan and ignoring Mir Rustam Khan . (Source: Letter of dated August 16,1843).
1846; Governor of Sindh directs all concerned officers not to put every abuse and objectionable practice of using free labour and ignoring local labour (Source:Circular Letter No.2049).
1917: The Deputy Supercintendent of Karachi Police serves notices upon Jamshed Mehta (President of the local branch of Home Rule League), Marriwalla (Secretary of the Propagandist Committee) and Ayer (Secretary of the local Home Rule League), prohibiting a procession arranged by them to prade the city prior to the League meeting. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1938: Sobhas Chandra Bose, with the permission of M.A. Jinnah, releases the correspondence which passed between him and Jinnah on the Hindu-Muslim settlement. (Source: The Indian Annual Register,Vol-11,1938)
1945: Sindh Muslim League observes ‘Direct Action Day’. It was meant to show street power and disagree with Congress and the British Government of India. (Source: Newspapers).
1947: Sindh Cabinet takes oath with Muhammad Ayub Khuhro as the Chief Minister. Other ministers are: Qazi Fazlullah, Pir Illahi Bux and Mir Ghulam Ali. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Muslim League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1951: Islamic laws are promulgated in Kelat state. (Source: Newspapers).
1956: Pakistan participates in Suez talks held in London. Due to closure of Suez Canal tug of war started between Communist and Capitalist blocks how to reach ‘Hot waters’ in South East Asia. Reperussions are very much obvious in area right from Afghanistan to Balochistan. (Source: ibd).

 

17th August

1843: The Governor-General constitute Committee comprising Captain Pope, Captain French and Shaikh Ali Hassan to probe into important issues relating to Khairpur such as matter relating to Mir Rustam Khan and his handing over ‘Turba’ to Mir Ali Murad Khan and ownership of country between Sabzalkot and Rohri (Source: Letter No.317).
1947: Muslim Majority areas as per census of 1941, will be included in Pakistan. It is announced. (Source: Newspapers).
1952: The commission constituted to probe into the reasons for killing Liaquat Ali Khan is published. It discussed three reasons for the killing: Killer’s mental state of affairs, Kashmir policy of Liaquat Ali Khan and religious differences. (Source: ibd).
1953: The tenure of service of Ayub Khan as the Chief Commader-in-Chief, is extended up to January 1959. (Source: ibd).

 

18th August

1834: Munshi Jethanand sends letter to Pottenger informing him that a Hundi of Rs.500 has been sent to Mr.Masson at Kabul. Munshi writes also that his Masters wanted to assure you that friendship between them and British Government would continue from generation to generation. (Source: Munshi’s letter of 18th August,1934).
1857: The Sindh Commissioner asks the Agent, Sindh Railway Company to work on plan for connecting the rail road to Shikarpur and Jacobabad from Sukkur. (Source: Letter No.1392).
1920: Third Caravan of Sindhi migrants leaves Lahore for Peshawar. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi). It was major political mistake of Sindh Khilafat Committee for giving call to quit Sindh.Only Sindhis opted to migrate to Afghanistan and hundreds of families got uprooted on their own.Most of them were not received by Afghan Government and they returned empty handed to Sindh. Prior to migration they sold their properties. This migration movement set a trend that was followed by Indian Muslims soon after creation of Pakistan.
1922: A public meeting is held at Sukkur by the Khilafat Committee and people are asked to follow their religion in letter and spirit. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid).
1933: The Bombay Legislative Council considers the Bill to consolidate and amend the law relating to the Municipal government of the city of Karachi. Jamshed Mehta, Mir Muhammad Baloch and Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah participate in the debate. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1933).
1939: On the call of Sindh Muslim League, ‘Masjid Manzilgah Day’ is observed by majority of Sindhi Muslims. Haji Abdullah Haroon, G.M.Syed; Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi; Muhammad Ayub Khuhro; Muhammad Hashim Gazdar and Syed Khair shah issue strong-worded statement condemning the K.B.Soomro’s policy regarding the restoration of Masjid Manzilgah and demanding immediate resolving the issue. (Source: The Daily Alwahid, Karachi). 
1947: NWFP opts to join Pakistan. First ever Eid-ul-Fitir is celebrated in Pakistan and this newly born country becomes member of UNO. (Source: Newspapers).
1958: Sharif Commission is constituted to bring drastic changes in Education system. It proved to be set back for Sindhi language and deprived it of status of medium of instruction .(Source: Government Notification).
1961: Pakistan joins United Nation’s force. A 500- army men army leave for Dar-u-Salam, East Africa. (Source: ibd).
1973: Opposition has opted for war-path. Arrests of NAP leaders have not been made in haste, says Z.A.Bhutto. (Source ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

19th August

1843: Mir Sobdar Khan’s petition is forwarded to the Governor-General of India by the Bombay Government. In his petition, Mir has said that ‘with all my property, goods and things, came into the plunder of the English Sahibs’. (Source: ‘Correspondence related to Sinde’.)
1857: Upper class of Sindh is pleased by various means so as to make them more loyal. That is why the Collector of Shikarpur disposed of the building with Zamindari rights of compound wall and garden for Rs.625, except the portion occupied by the Deputy Collector. (Source:Letter No.2694). 
1945: The All-India Committee of Hindu Maha Sabha concludes its session in New Delhi after adopting their political resolution declaring the Constituent Assembly based on separate electorates was unacceptable. (Source: The Indian Annual Register,Vol-11, 1945).
1946: R.K.Sidhwa, Secretary of the Sindh Coalition Assembly Party ans a Parsi Cogress leader, in a statement refuted the suggestion which Mr. Jinnah made in his recent statement replying to Pandit Nehru, ‘that the Parsi organisation is certainly not with the Congress’. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1946).

 

20th August

1838: The Government of India asks Colonel Pottenger to apprise it of result of his negotiations with Sindh Rulers and suggest the Government the best mode of transmitting troops to Sindh and what extent of transport would be obtained either at mouth of Indus or at Thatta. (Source: Letter No.143).
1839: In his minutes, the Governor-General of India records his views about army of Indus and its political prospects.(Source: indicated).
1919: It is the victory of the Allies, but our Upper Class is running and rushing to congratulate Government !.Udernomal Kauromal (Vice President of the Taluka Local Board Jamesabad), Mukhi Ganoomal ( of Jamesabad) and Parsaram Banbumal ( of Jamesabad) send the message of congratulation to the Government of Bombay. (Source: The Sindh Official Gazette).
1921: Aman Sabha is formed at Rohri to support Government and combat Non-Co-Operation Movement launched by the Sindh Khilafat and Congress. Syed Ali Akbar Shah is elected President. Whereas Pleader Hassanand, Seth Chandiram and Radha Kirshan are elected as Vice President, General Secretary and Treasurer respectively. (Source: The Daily Gazette).
1923: Lalchand Amardinomal Jagtiani started conducting classes on the life, achievements and poetry of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai. Arrangement is made in the Night School of Preem Mandli of Karachi (Source: The Daily Gazette).
1972: Council Muslim League terms ‘Simla Agreement’ as set back to the ideology of Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).

 

 

 

 

21st August

1849: The Government of Bombay communicates to Sindh Commissioner that find any suitable post for Seth Naumal, ex-Kardar of Karachi, and if it was not possible the Governor would confer on him 1,000 bighas of land, it being understood that the grant was for his life time only and arrangements be made to provide water for cultivation. (Source: Letter No.7683).
1927: The Khilafat Conference in Calcutta presided over by Moulana Muhammad Ali and attended by Sindh leaders of Khilafat urges mutual toleration between Hindus and Muslims regarding religious matters and work for the liberation of the Motherland. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1927).
1933: Taking part in the debate on the amendment moved by Dr.M.L.Dixit for having common and not separate electorate in various corporation, Shahnawaz Khan Bhutto opposes the move, today, in the Bombay Legislative Council. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1933).
1947: Hyderabad Dakhan announces its independent status. (Source: Newspapers).
1957: West Pakistan cabinet decides to dispose of Ghulam Muhammad Barrage land as soon as possible. (Source: ibd).
1971: Mahmmod-ul-Haq Usmani, Secretary General of the National Awami Party is arrested. (Source: ‘Source-Material on NAP’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

22nd August

1933: Tolani and Jamshed Mehta proposed the amendment in Karachi Municipality Act so Sikh community be give representation. Tolani asks for two seats and Jamshed Mehta proposed one seat in the Municipality. Miran Muhammad Shah, Mir Muhammad Baloch and Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah opposes the amendment. Hence it is rejected. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1933).
1961: Pakistan closes down it two Consulates at Jalalabad and Kandhar. (Source: Newspapers).
1965 :” Indian Prime Minister Shastri warns Pakistan that ‘India will strike back if Pakistan’s aggression continue in Kashmir’. (Source: ibd).
1969: Descration of Al-Aqsa Masjid is resented through out Pakistan (Source: ibd).
1972: Princely rule in Gilgit and Baltistan is abolished by the Pakistan Government. (Source: ibd).

 

23rd August

1838: Colonel Pottenger is asked by his Government to purchase and store grain crops at Larkana. (Source: letter of 23rd of August 1838).
1918: The Chief of the General Staff, India reports that several[ Sindhi] employees of J.T. Chainrai & Co [of Sindhworki] from Tenerife & Panama had been bound over for spreading alarmist pro-enemy rumours. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindhworkis’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1933: There is a debate on the clause regarding representation of labour Unions, Merchants etc in the KarachiMunicipality. Baskhale proposes amendment seeking to remove the clause restricting the election of a representative of registered unions, to labourers and asks that instead of 2 seats, 3 should be reserved for, and this should be nomination. Jamshed Mehta taking part in debate says that he was President of the Federation of Labour Unions in Karachi, and it was he who had suggested restriction in order to give the labour an opportunity to be represented by an actual working men. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1933).
1936: Prices of almost all States meet the Viceroy of India to have final talks on the Federal Plan. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1939).
1947: Khan Abdul Qayoom Khan and his cabinet takes over oath in NWFP. (Source: Newspapers).
1955: ‘One-Unit’ bill is presented in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan (Source: ibid).
1976: IslamabadUniversity is renamed as ‘Quaid-i-AzamUniversity’ (Source: ibid).

 

24th August

1846: The Secretary to Government of Sindh asks Collector of Shikarpur to suspend the question of boundry between Jageers of Mir Muhammad Khan and Ghulam Mustafa Khan till deciding the matter on spot. (Source: Letter No.1218).
1941: The Working Committee of the All-India Muslim League meets in Bombay. M.A.Jinnah informs the committee about his interview with the Viceroy on the constitution of the National Defence Council and the expansion of the Executive Council. He also criticizes some of the members of the Muslim League including the three Premiers [Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan of Punjab, A.K.Fazul Haq of Bengal and Moulvi Syed Muhammad Saadullah of Asam] who joined the Defence Council. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1941).
1946: Reginald Sorensen, a Member of the Parliamentary Delegation to India, in a message to the formation of the Interim Government, congratulates Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on his success in the formation of his cabinet and expresses regret at M.A.Jinnah’s attitude of non-cooperation. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1946).
1948: Indian Muslim migrants’ mob is fired by police at Sahiwal. Five are killed.(Source: Newspapers). This may kindly be noted that in spite of waves of muhajeern’s towards Sindh, not a single event of killing them is recorded in Sindh history. Though, so many processions were taken by them and even Prime Minister’s House was encircled by them for so many times.
1955: Ex-Prime Minister of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Bogra is appointed as ambassador in U.S.A. (Source: Newspapers). For the sake of General Knowledge, any one should prepare province-wise list of all ambassadors appointed in various countries since creation of Pakistan.
1969: Zahir Shah of Afghanistan declares that his country will support Pathans in their struggle for creation of Pakhtoonistan. (Source: ibid),
1947: Mirza Nasir Ahmad, head of Anjuman Ahmadya, Rabwah, gives his statement before Parliament’s Special Committee. He is cross examined also. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Returning of PPP in Power will be high-risk for the country, says Mufti Mahmood. (Source: ibid).

 

25th August

1839: Colonel Pottenger writes to Officer Commanding at Karachi desiring him to receive one State prisoner by name ‘Sehee Durwesh’ and take necessary steps of transporting him to Bushire and set him at liberty there. The attention of readers is invited to an important point that Colonel Pottenger is in Sindh and Sindh is under rule of Talpurs but, he is using his judicial, political and administrative powers in 1839 much before fall of Miani. (Source: indicated).
1843: The Sindh Governor apprises the Governor-General of the procedure of conducting trial in Sindh. He informs him that in all cases involving capital punishment which called for trial the prisoners were brought before a Military Court of British Officers and it is the best course in the absence of Judicial system in Sindh at present. (Source: indicated).
1939: Some of Sindh Congress leaders and other politicians deplore the decision of the Congress Working Committee and aspiration og the Congress leaders disqualifying Sj. Subhas Chandra Bose’s from being President of Bengal Provincial Congress Committee and being a member of any elective Congress body for three years. (Source: Newspapers).
1946: Politicians express their reaction on the matter of ‘interim Government’. Master Tara Sing, the Akali leader is satisfied to see that this interim Government consists of representatives of some of largest political parties of India. Dr.B.R.Ambrdkar refuses to accept the interim Government as representative of Scheduled Castes, and Gandhi blames that League leaders in reaction against the interim Government have started preaching violence and now violence in Calcutta has erupted because of this. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1946).
1955: Muslim League Parliamentary Party serves Show Cause notice on Mian Jaffar Shah for opposing ‘One-Unit’. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Ex-Director-General of Health Services Dr. Naseer Shaikh and Ex-Director-General of FSF Masud Mahmood are arrested. Stage is being set to arrest Z.A.Bhutto. (Source: Newspapers).

 

26th August

1835: The matter of the Navigation of Indus is discussed between Colonel Pottenger and Lieutenant Mackeson. Pottenger is of view that Indus be considered as a ‘beaten road’ for travellers as on each occasion of the boat passing special orders and permission is to be applied to Sindh Government. (Source: Letter No.50 from Pottenger).
1840: Lieutenant Loveday, Assistant Political Agent in Quetta/Balochistan is captured by Brohi Sardars and inform him that his letters to Naseer Khan have irritated them and if attention is not paid to our demands, he can be put to death. (Source: indicated).
1843: The copy of despatch from the Secret Committee of the Government of East India Compay is sent to Charles Napier for his guidance as how to distribute/awrad ‘Prize property’ at Hyderabad. (Source: Letter No.334).
1848: The Collector of Karachi prepares his report about Seth Naomal. It is told that his case was decided by a Military Tribunal on ex-parte statement and without allowing him to put in his defence. Further investigations is being made and Naomal has been given opportunity to put in his defence. (Source: Letter No.959).
1950: ‘Muhajir Tax’ is introduced by the Center and Provinces so as to help resolving their problems relating to financial matters. (Source: Newspapers).
1966: Re-promulgation of FRC in Balochitan creates resentment in political circles. Baloch leaders oppose the action. (Source: ibid).
1971: A.K.Brohi’s O.K for acting as Counsel for Shaikh Mujeeb is appreciated by Internatonal Commission of Jurists. (Source: Newspapers).
1992: Pakistan-Dost [friend]politician [Benazir Bhutto] and Sindh-Dost politician [G.M.Syed], both from Sindh and both Sindhis are facing tough time. Benazir’s Counse l file reply in the court and SATA issues notice to the Sindh Home Secretary and Inspector-General of police to produce G.M.Syed in the court. (Source: Newspapers)

 

27th August

1835: Colonel Pottenger requests the Government of Bombay for permission to set the Ranna of Parkar, a State prisoner at Bhoo,j at liberty on condition that he would either live in Cutch or Sindh. He further informs that Ranna has released eight of the relatives of Ranna Jagatsinf of Parkar in compliance to orders of Mir Noor Muhammad Khan. (Source: Letter No.54).
1838: Colonel Pottenger request the Government of Bomay to prepare a force for eventual service in Sindh. (Source: Letter No.101).
1851: The Commander of the Indus Flotilla informs the Sindh Commissioner that Governor-General has approved of the proposal to establish a steam communication between Karachi and Multan (Source: Letter No.716).
1856: The Sindh Commissioner asks collectors to adopt 5 per cent Local Fund Cess in Sindh. (Source: Letter No.1430).
1919: It is a golden chance for pro-British Government to wish it congratulations. On the victory of the Allies Naraindas Bhawandas [zamindar & Hon.Magistrate of Berani], Bhagwandas Vasudev [Brahman Panchayat, Berani], H.H.Samavedi [Secretary, Pushkarna Brahman Maha Mandal, Hyderabad], Bulchand Dayaram [Presidenr, Hyderabad Municipality], Metharam Ajitsing [of Shahdadpur], Dalpatrai [Mukhtyarkar of Jati] send messages of congratulation to the Government of Bombay. (Source: The Sindh Official Gazette).
1948: The Governor-General promulgates Ordinance to empowers Pakistan Government emergency powers for dealing the issue of Muslim migrants coming from India (Source: Newspapers).
1953: Kazi Muhammad Akbar, Sindh Education Minister declares that compulsory primary education is being introduce in Sindh, Very Soon. (Source: ibid).
1956: I.I.Chundrigar and Pir Ali Muhammad Shah resign as federal ministers. (Source: ibid).
1960: Rs.20000000 are approved for construction of a new capital [Islamabad], near Rawalpindi (Source: ibid).
1972: No Indo-Pak talks, if Pakistan is not recognizing Bangladesh, says India. (Source: ibid).
1974: Government has agreed to accept 7500000 Biharis. (Source: BBC).

 

28th August

1920: Hyderabad is witnessing very important political atmosphere for two days with effect from today. Both days public meetings and conference is held in the city. The day begins with political activity of Sindh Khilafat Committee. Public meeting is held with aim to create public opinion in favour of the Non-Cooperation movement. Special Sindh Provincial Conference is also held in the city and its all details are available at Gul Hayat website. (Source: Newspapers)
1928: Dr.Ansari presides over All Parties Conference at Lucknow to discuss the ‘Nihru Report’. (Source: Book on All Parties Conference).
1948: In the meeting of the ‘Muhajir Council’ presided over by Liaquat Ali Khan, the Prime Minister of Pakistan, it is decided that 2,00,000 Indian Muslim migrants waiting in Punjab camps will be settled in Sindh. (Source: Newspapers).
1952: DSP, Khan Najaf Khan is served upon Charge Sheet by the Punjab Government in connection with the murder of Liaquat Ali Khan, ex-Prime Minister of Pakistan. (Source: ibid).
1964: Z.A.Bhutto, Foreign Minister of Pakistan is awarded with ‘Order of Hamayoon’ [First Class] by Shah of Iran for rendering valuable services in connection with Regional Cooperation for Development [RCD]. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

 

29th August

1845: Captain Prtridge , Deputy Collector, Kotri prepares report on the construction of Bund Veero in order to induce the inhabitants of the tract to abandon their present unsettled course of life and to return their attention to agriculture. (Source: Captain Preedy, Collector of Karachi’s office letter No. 749). 
1928: All-Parties Conference at Lucknow after long discussion adopted the Dominion States without restricting the liberty of other political parties whose goal was complete independence. Even a known revolutionary Subhas Chandra Bose also agreed and singed the resolution. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1928).
1936: Himalalyas is climbed for the first time . The joint British-American Expedition led by Professor Grahm-Brown of CardiffUniversity reach highest peak of 25,660 feet. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1936).
1969: Total strike is observed through out Pakistan to protest against the putting the Al-Aqsa Mosque on fire . (Source: Newspapers).
1973: We do not recognize the Government of PPP, says Asghar Khan. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Investigation in the murder of Nawab Muhammad Ahmad Khan is in final stage. Stage is being set to involve and hang Z.A.Bhutto who brought back home POWs, Gave Pakistan unanimously adopted Constitution, hold Islamic Conference. (Source: ibid).

 

30th August

1835: It is decided between Colonel Pottenger and Mir Noor Muhammad Khan that survey of Indus shall not stop. However, it will be conducted on boats and vessels will not be used for that purpose. (Source: Colonel Pottenger’s letter No.58 to his Government).
1933: Central Literary Group organizes lecture program in HopefullSchool at Arambagh. M.U.Abbasi delivers his on the History and importance of Drama. Abbasi was from Muhabatdero and Education officer in Karachi. He wrote biographies of Sir Agha Khan, quaid-i-Azam and others. I interviewed him for so many times. He was witness to our history. He told me that he has visited JhirkSchool and saw General Register of School and name of M.A.Jinnah in it also. He wrote that fact in his book, biography of Jinnah. (Source: Interview with M.U.Abbasi).
1951: India refutes allegation that she is creating conditions to compell Indian Muslims to migrate. They are leaving country on their own, the Government of India declares. (Source: Newspapers).
1959: Consequent upon introducing Basic Democracy system in the Pakistan, all Municipalities are divided/reorganized into Wards. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Probe into the case regarding murder of Nawab Muhammad Ahmad is completed. PNA demands trial of Z.A.Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1979: Gen.Zia promulgates new political parties’ law making it compulsory for all political parties to get themselves registered with Election Commission. (Source: Government Notification).
1990: In politics of our society, every thing is right. Asghar Khan never recognized PPP Government of Z.A.Bhutto, but PPP today enters into alliance with Tahrik-i-Istaqlal. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1991: Benazir Bhutto and Nawabzado Nasrullah Khan to take combined steps against IJI Government. Decision is taken in their meeting. (Source: ibid).

 

31st August

1939: Colonel Pottenger advises his Government for concentration of force at Sukkur. (Source: Letter No.635-A).
1844: The Sindh Governor asks the Government of India for permission to open a school at Hyderabad for teaching the English language to the children of Baloch chiefs. He request for approving annual grant of Rs.3,000 for the same purpose. (Sindh Governor’s letter No 213).
1920: Posters and Banners are visible on main spots of big cities. Sindh Khilafat has given call for strike on 1st August. Sindhi Muslims are advised to took part in the strike and prove wort as Muslim and lover of the Motherland. (Poster published by Sindh Khilafat).
1946: Liaquat Ali Khan, in statement asked Muslims through out the India to observe ‘ Black Day’ by hoisting black flags on houses and places of business on September 2, to register the Muslims’ silent contempt at the installation in office the Hindu Congress. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1946)
1947: Boundary Award is unjustified and has been imposed upon us, says the Governor-General of Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1949: The First ever Convocation of Sindh University is held. The Prime Minister of Pakistan presides over. (Source: ibid).
1972: We are ready to sit on opposition benches, if Mujeeb is ready to make modifications in his 6-points, says Z.A.Bhutto, Chairman of the PPP. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1991: Benazir Bhutto meets Chief of Army Staff Asif Nawaz Junjua. (Source: ibid).

 

 

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