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JANUARY EVENT DATE

 

 

2nd January

Part1

   1934: Sindh Hindu Conference is held at Karachi with Diwan Lalchand Navalrai in Chair. Veromal Begraj, Kishnshand Wadhomal and Chandarsen Jetley address the conference. The issue of separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency is dewelt with in context of the interests of the Hindu segment of Sindh society.
1960: Election for Basic Democracy Units are held to elect eighty thousand members.
1969: Malik Naveed Ahmad a PPP leader announces a forward block within the party.
1972: Leading industrialist Ahmad Daud and Fakharuddin Valika are placed under home arrest and are asked to bring back the wealth accumulated abroad.
1996: Benazir's government to seek MQM leader Altaf Hussain's extradition from london to try him on various charges.

Part 2

  1793: The Business records of the businessmad of Karachi, Lakhmidas Madhu reveals that Silk, Timber and Date were most important Import items. Where as Grains and Geh was the major segment of Export. Hundi was major instrument of local banking system. 'Thattai Rupee', 'Challan Rupee' and 'Agraci Rupee' was the currency acceptable in commercial community. 
1856: 'Mamool' and 'Seree' were kinds of Jageers granted by Sindh rulers to Jageedars. Same tradition of granting Jageers. Today, the list of such type of jageers in Sahiti Pargana is compiled by the Jageers Department.
1856: Major Goldsmid, Assistant Commissioner for Jageers compiles report on Sardars of the Talpur tribe independently of four great families.

 

3rd  January

Part 1

1846: Sindh Govt. decides to grant fresh Jageer sanads and to cancell old one.
1857: Steamers would not be available for cnmmunication between Karachi and Multan, decides. Vessels are to be assembled in Karachi Harbour so as to use them in emergency.1931: One of the active day of Sindh with reference to politics. Moulana Din Muhammad Wafai presides over function in Khalikdino Hall at Karachi, Moulana Abdul Karim Chishti chairs function at Shikarpur, and Amrote Khilafat Committee elects its office - bearers and in this connection Moulvi Nizamuddin, Mian Abdul Rahman, Syed Amir Ali Shah and Mian Ji Ali Muhammad are elected as President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer respectively.

Part 2

  1937: The Executive Committee of the Sindh United Party finalizes the list of candidates for contesting elebtion.
1965: Defeated Presidential candidate Fatima Jinnah says that she will continue to work with determination for the restoration of democracy of the people, by the people and for the people.
1966: Ayub Khan alongwith Z.A.Bhutto reach Tashkant, and are received by USSR Premier .
1969: Several thousand students, mostly affiliated with political parties take out procession in Karachi
1976: Prime Minister, Z.A.Bhutto announces metropolitan status for Karachi.
1981: The International Islamic University starts functioning.

 

4th  January

Part 1

1910: Newly elected Sindh member attend first session of the Bombay Legislative Councl. They are seth Harchandrai Vishndas (elected by Municipalties), Syed Allahando Shah (elected by Local Boards), Rais Ghulam Muhammad Bhurgri (elected by Jageerdars and Landlords).
1920: A big public meeting is held at Hyerabad by the Sindh Khilafat Committe. It is presided over by Moulana Ghulam Ahmad Makani.
1921: The editor of the Al - Waheed is produced before the Court of the City Magistrate, Karachi. He is facing case under Indian Penal Code sections 153 and 124 - A.
1923: It is the first time in recent political history that nearly 200 Muslim ladies attend public meeting. It happens at village Mado of taluka Kakar. The function is arranged by local branch of the Sindh Khilafat .

Part 2

  1950: Pakistan recognizes the People's Repulic of China.
1954: Governor - General, Ghulam Muhammad inaugurates Latifabad Colony to rehabitilate Indian Muslim migrants.
1965: The Victory Prade for Ayub Khan and by Ayub Khan's Muslim League creates violence and brings the death toll to 23 in Karachi. The Army takes control of the city.
1966: Shaikh Mujeeb is arrested for hedging conspiracy, know as 'Agartala Sazish'.
1990: MQM & ANP decide to work together for establishment of peace in Sindh and hold talks with Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in this regard.
1996: Nawaz Sharif and Altaf Hussain agree on change of Benazir Govt, to get the country out of mess.

 

5th  January

Part 1

1921: The Annual Report of the Sindh Khilafat Committee is published. It carries details about Branches, Political prisoners, Income and Expenditure of party and other subjects.
1922: A public meeting is arranged in Madressah Mahmoodiah of Shikarpur and is presided over by Moulana Taj Mahmood Amroti. The Non - Co - Movement launched against the Govt. remained dominating agenda of the event.
1923: It was difficult to collect and gather hundred people as the pressure of upper class was in the way, but more than three thousand people are attending the Khilafat meeting presided over by Hazarat Amroti. It is adocated in speeches to boycott foreign made goods and face high handedness of the Govt. and its loyal Sindh upper class.

Part 2

   1931: Action against Congress: all night raids, locking of offices and arrests at large scale in Sindh start.
1939: No - Confidence motion against Sindh Premier, K.B. Allah Bux Soomro is moved in Sindh Assembly by G.M.Syed.
1951: General Ayub is appointed Commander - in - Chief of Pakistan Army.
1953: Judgment in the Rawalpindi conspiracy case is announced: Sajjad Zaheer, Faiz Ahmad Faiz are convicted. Ex - Major General Akbar Khan is also declared guilty.
1989: Indian Premier Rajiv Gandhi denies helping Sindh Separationists.
1994: Larkana witnesses bloodshed on the eve of Z.A.Bhutto's death anniversary. One is killed many injured. Mir Murtaza Bhutto and Sister Benazir Bhutto opt for separate political line of action.

 

6th  January

1847: The Collector of Karachi recommends to the Government of Sindh that Jageer of Mir Muhammad Ali Talpur be re- granted to his son Mir Jan Muhammad.
1849: The Bombay Government appoints Mr. Inverarity as Assistant to Commissioner in Sindh vice Mr.Brown deceased. Mr. Inverarity became Commissioner of Sindh after ten years. In these days, powers of Lieutenant Governor were conferred upon him. In his tenure the Karachi Chamber of Commerce came into existence in 1860 and following year 108 – mile railway connecting Karachi with Kotri was opened and in the same year river transport steamer was introduced between Kotri and Multan.
1954: General amnesty is declared by the NWFP Government to all political prisoners in the province, including removal of restrictions on exiles.
1964: Jamait –i- Islami is declared as illegal organization and all its activities are banned. Moulana Moudoodi and other 16 members of its Executive Council are arrested.
1966: Talks are held between the President of Pakistan, Ayub Khan and Lal Bahadur Shastri, Premier of India to reach a formula for better relations in future and resolving of Kashmir dispute.
1968: Two CSPs, two Awami league leaders and others 24 persons are arrested for working on secession of East Pakistan. In this way Agartala Conspiracy case takes birth.
1969: PDM Executive Committee decides conditional participation in the elections. Demands lifting of Emergency, release of political prisoners and direct elections under adult franchise.
1972: Sindh Industrial Estate (SITE), Karachi, comes to a stand still. Worker lay seize of the bosses for fulfillment of demands.
1977: Z.A.Bhutto announces Land – Reforms. Minimum allowable holdings will be 100 irrigated acres.
1980: ‘Soviet occupation of Afghanistan is a threat to Pakistan,& Iran’, says U.S President Jimmy Carter.
1987: Ashraf Tabani is sworn in as the Sindh Governor. He replaces Lt.General (R) Jahandad Khan..
1992: U.S asks Pakistan to furnish accounts since 1985, a suspicion of misuse of funds for anti – narcotics programme.
1988: ‘Kalabagh Dam is in the greater interests of the development of the country and it should be constructed as soon as possible’, says NPP’s founder, Rais Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi.

 

7th  January

1850: The Bombay Government directs Sindh Commissioner that Sindhi language be introduced as the ‘language of official business’ in Sindh and for that Captain Stack’s suggested Arabic character be adopted for its script.
1857: His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan of Khairpur is informed that the British Government of India has to minimized his rank and some territory will be taken back from him.
1953: A procession is taken out by students in Karachi to observe the ‘Educational Day’ and demand for educational reforms. Eight students are killed in police firing.
1954: The Governor – General lays the foundation stone of the Liaquat Medical College at Hyderabad.
1963: Now EBDO affected politicians can apply for review of their disqualification orders/decisions. The new Ordinance is promulgated in this regard.
1965: an agreement is signed between Pakistan and West Germany for establishing Tractor – operations School at Multan.
1972: Former President Yahya Khan is shifted from Rawalpindi House to undisclosed place so as to protect and keep him safe accordingly.
1980: Soviet Union issues stern warning to Pakistan on Afghanistan matter.
1989: Court decision on restoration of Balochistan Assembly and Government will be honoured and implemented in letter and spirit, says Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
1990: Combined opposition parties threaten direct action if the government fails to retract its steps from giving tough time to the non – PPP governments in Punjab and Baluchistan.

 

8th  January

  1835: Shah Shja –ul- Malik is in Kelat and Mir Mir Muhammad Talpur intends to collect tributes from the area of Thar & Parkar. He request Captain Robert, Assistant Political Agent, Bhooj to help him in this task and send British troops to assist him in collecting that amount that will be paid to Shah Shuja. Today, Colonel Pottenger directs Captain Robert not to help Mir.
1856: The Sindh Commissioner request the Bombay Government for appointment of a photographer for taking photos of buildings of historical importance for the purpose of the documentation of architecture of Sindh.
1913: The 28th Annual Session of the All –India Congress Committee starts at Karachi. Details are available on the website; 
http://www.gulhayat.com/
1920: Khilaf leaders and anti – Khilafat leaders of Larkano knock doors of court against each other. Jan Muhammad Junijo, later on known as ‘Rais –ul- Muhajreen’ lodges complaint against Sirai Ghulam Muhammad Isran, Sirai Amir Ali Lahori and Faqir Ali Muhammad Qadri that they have lodged false application against him that he brought people in the Khilafat function without their will and desire. The counter application is lodged by Abdul Karim against Jan Muhammad Junijo and eight other Khilafat leaders under Indian Penal Code Section 508 & 229.
1922: E.J.Bolus, Collector Nawabshah presides over the function of Aman Sabha at Sakrand. Zamindar Chandomal Jagatrai and others speak against the Khilafat Movenent and advise people not to join this anti – government Movement.
1923: The Sukkur Jamiat –ul- Islam selects Moulana Taj Mahmood Amrot and Moulana Hamdullah as ‘Shaikh –ul- Islam’ and ‘Naib Shaikh –ul- Islam’ respectively. The public meeting is also held on this occasion and that is presided over by Hazrat Amroti .
1931: Haji Abdullah Haroon presides over Muslim Conference at Jacobabad. It is attended by handsome number of Muslim politicians including members of Bombay and Indian Legislative Councils. On the same day and date an other public meeting is held at Nawabshah by the local Khilafat Committee.
1926; Jethmal Parsram, an eminent scholar and Home Rule League leader delivers lecture on the prevailing political situation in the programme organizes by the Hyderabad Home Rule League. It is presided over by Santram Mangharam.
1927: W.F.Hudson, Commissioner Sindh , presides over the opening ceremony function of ‘Ram Gopal Mohtta Hindu Gymkhana’ at Karachi.
1934: Muhammad Ayub Khuhro writes to Punjabi leaders and asks them to support Sindh case of separation from Bombay Presidency and proposed that Sindh be affiliated with Punjab in educational matters. Allama Iqbal and Allama yousif Ali disapproves his idea about educational affiliation.
1941: Al –Waheed, daily of Karachi, supports Dr.Allama Daudpotos’s stand about changes brought for printing of Text Books . Some of Hindus were against such changes.
1969: Eight opposition parties form Democratic Action Committee to struggle for the restoration of democracy. Withdrawal of Emergency and holding of election on bases of adult franchise and release of political prisoners is demanded also.
1973: Asghar Khan is not happy with the PPP’s way of governance. Demands fresh elections.
1989: ‘Impression Benazir Bhutto left at SARAC conference is deploreable’, say Punjab Chief Minister, Nawaz Sharif.
1991: Pakistan sends 5000 more troops to Saudi Arabia in view of Gulf situation.

 

9th  January

Part 1

  1832: The East India Co. Govt. is very much satisfied with results of Mission to Mirs of Sindh and asks Political Agent in Sindh to present gifts to Sindh Rulers on behalf of the Govt. 
1835: Sindh Rulers, in keeping in view, the arrival of Shah Shuja in Kilat, started taking steps to strengthen the Garrision at Shikarpur.
1956: Constitutionl Bill is introduced in the Pakistan Assemby. By its provision, Pakistan will have Parliamentary system and its President will be a Muslim.
1957: Canada transfers all its rights, title and interests in the Maple Leaf Cement plat at Daud Khel to Pakistan.

Part 2

  1962: 'Pakistan's survival is depended on a strong India', says Kissinger, Special Assistant to U.S president, Kennedy, during his India visit.
1966: Ayub - Shastri meeting is still not bringing results. Ayub turn down plan forwarded by Shastri.
1972: Shaikh Mujeeb reaches London by P.I.A chartered plane. His journey started from jail ends with hope of new era.
1978: Ex - Prime Minister of Pakistan, Z.A.Bhutto, boycotts the High Court proceedings regarding Nawab Ahmad murder case. 
1994: Contempt of court against former Army chief Aslam Beg, Supreme court reserves decision exonerating the accused.

 

10th  January

Part 1

1948 : The Nazim of Hyderabad Dakhan Govt. transfer to the Pakistan Govt. securities of the value of Rs.200 million.
1951: The first National Planing Commission is appointed by the Pakistan Govt. It took two and quarter years to take an important step.
1955: An Ordinance is promulgated providing for establishment of Pakistan Airlines (P.I.A) Corporation .
1966: The nine - point Tashkant Declaration is signed by Ayub and Shastri. It evisages military disengement along boarders and discussions on matters of direct concern.
1971: Wali Khan calls upon President Bhutto to lift martial law immediately and promulgation of an interim constitution.

Part 2

  1977: National Assembly is dissolved and Election schedule is announced. Opposition parties for PNA.
1978: Opposition parties demand accountablity by the Martial law authorities.
1989: PPP Govt. has not given up Kalabagh Dam Project, says Farooq Laghari, Federal Minister.
1990: We are ready to face mid - term polls. If, the opposition requests to call for early eleltions, says Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto.
1991: Bye - elections to 9 national and 19 provincial seats are held. IJI wins 7 National and 11 Provincial seats.
1992: Supreme Court sets asides Federal Shariat Court verdit decalring the Prize Bonds Scheme repugnant to islamic injuctions.
1993: Thirteen persons are killed and 14 hurt in a bomb blast at Kotri.

 

11th  January

Part1

1923: Sindh Khilafat Conference is held at Jacobabad.Political conditions of Sindh & Hind are discussed and it is resolved that public awarness be created so as to ensure public participation in politics .
1931: The public meeting organized by the Karachi Congress Committee at Ram (now Aaram) Bagh is lathi charged. 150 Congress leaders and workers are injured. 36 including 20 ladier are also arrested.
1946: Acting President of the Sindh Muslim League, Muhammad Hashim Gazdar issues statement about G.M.Syed and says the Syed has been expelled from the party therefor candidates nominated by him for cotesting election are not the candidates of the Sindh Muslim League.( to be contd)

 

Part2

1965: Bhutto, Forein minirter, is invited by Soviet Foreign Minister. It is eight months before the Indo - Pak war of 1965.
1966: President Ayoob returns back from USSR after signing Tashkent Declaration. However Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastriis dead there. He dies of Cordiac arrert after the Summit concludes.
1972: Shaikh Mujib arrives Dhaka to a tumultuous welcome by the people. Declares that all links with Pakistan snapped for good.
1977: PNA elects Mufti Mahmud as its president. The Alliance consists of JI, JUP, JUI, PDP, NDP, Tahrik -i- Istaqalal, Khaksar and Muslim Conference.
1978: The Acting Chief Justice of Lahore High Court, Justice Moulvi Mushtaq Ahmad is appointed as Chief Justiceof the same court. He orders lodging of F.I.R against Z.A.Bhutto.

 

 

12th  January

1923: Sindh Khilafat Conference is held at Jacobabad in which political situation in Sindh and Hind is highlighted and people are asked to take active part in politics and follow their religion accordingly.
1926: Under the auspices of the National Home Rule, Karachi, a public meeting is held with Seth Harchandrai Vishindas in Chair. Jamshed N.R. Mehta, Jethmal Parsram and Rewachand V. Thadani speak on the topic of ‘Political outlook ahead and responsive co – operation’.
1929: Anjuman Nusrat –ul-Islam helds debate between Aryas and Muslims. It is presided over by Syed Miran Muhammad Shah. Moulvi Sanaullah Amratsri, Moulvi Muhammad Ibrahim Sialkoti and Baba Khalildas take part in the debate. None of debaters was from Sindh, however, Sindh was selected to put petrol on fire.
1931: The Sub Committee No 9 of the Indian Round Table Conference started discussing the issue of the separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency. The committee consists of 19 members including Sir Agha Khan, M.A.Jinnah, Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto and Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah.
1931: Congress is active in launching Non – Co – Operation Movement against the Government. Party’s public meeting at Ram Bagh is lathi charged by the police. 150 are injured of which 50 are serious. 36 workers including 20 women are arrested.
1939: No Confidence vote against K.B.allah Bux Soomro fails. He gets 32 votes against 7. The Congress remains absent.
1941: Mahatma Budhdev presides over Hindu Conference at Hyderabad. It is addressed by Gokaldas, Dharamdas Belaram; Giyani Tirah Singar; Diwan Choharsing; Duwarka Parsad; Gurdinomal; Rai Sahai,; Professor Tarachand; Narsinglal;Chetandev Verma and Ladharam. Political situation with special reference to Hinu segment of Sindh is discussed.
1946: M.A.Jinnah, the president of All India Muslim League sends Telgram to Yousif Haroon asking him to support Shahmir Khan Kachhi against G.M.Syed in election. Muhammad Hashim Gazdar acting president of Sindh Muslim League also issue statement that G.M.Syed has been expelled from the party .1971: Meeting is held between General Yaya Khan and Shaikh Mujeeb. Important national issues are discussed including transfer of power to the elected representatives1972: Asghar Khan vows for removing Bhutto government. Says, no more time to be given for lifting of martial law.

 

13th  January

1846: It took three months to decide that either English School be opened at Hyderabad, or at Karachi. The Council of Education decides in favour of Hyderabad.
1932: An Act is promulgated to give powers of Summary Court to all the First Class Magistrates of Sindh. It was to give tough time to Congress and other affiliated parties.
1942: The stage is set to hold Muslim League Conference at Kambar. Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi is requested to preside.
1963: ‘Pakistan National Trust’ is set up to promote an Islamic outlook as desired by the Government. Most important change is suggested in Dress.
1969: Now it is time to hit for some reasons, no problem, if in past attachment was there. Gen ® Azam Khan, while addressing Hyderabad Bar terms the Constitution of 1962 as against the ideology of Pakistan and aspiration of people.
1972: Pakistan snaps diplomatic ties with Bulgaria for her recognition of Bangladesh.
1985: Martial law Order is issued allowing canvassing without public meetings. Non – Party basis polls of National & Provincial assemblies are fixed on 25th & 28th respectively.
1990: Asghar Khan is not allowed/permitted to hold political function in Karachi.
1996: General Jehangeer Karamat takes over as army chief on the retirement of General Abdul Waheed Kakar.

 

14th  January

  1840: Karachi is under military control of the East India Company Government and the Bombay Government, keeping in view of the bright future of British rule in Sindh, requests for employment of the Superintendent of Steam Navigation of Indus. But, the Government of India refers this case to their Political officers working in Sindh. Hence, Ross Bell and Captain Outram are asked to offer their views on the subject.
1848: Sindh Commissioner is asked by the Bombay Government to prepare and furnish the statement about stipends, pensions and charitable allowances given by the present and previous governments of Sindh.
1857: Manjhand Municipality rules are prepared and submitted by the Sindh Commissioner to the Government of Bombay for approval.
1951: The meeting of the Working Committee of the Sindh Hari Committee is held at Hyderabad in which the stand of Sindh Muslim League on the abolition of Jageerdari system is condemned and it is demanded that this system be abolished without fail.
1967: A private nuclear plant manufacturing agency of the U.S.A offers to finance the installation of 150 –MW enriched uranium reactor to Pakistan.
1971: President Yahya Khan declares in Dhaka that Shaikh Mujeeb is the future Prime Minister of Pakistan and talks between both will bring better results.
1972: An official Indian list with names of 55,000 POWs is handed over to Pakistan.
1978: Chief Martial Law Administrator, Gen. Zia constitutes Advisory Committee consisting of 16 members. A.K.Brohi, A.G.N.Kazi, Haji Moula Bux Soomro and Sharifuddin Pirzado are included.
1992: Senator Pressler tells newsmen in Islamabad that no aid by U.S.A unless Pakistan rolls back its nuclear program.

 

15th  January

  1856: British Government while granting Jageers used to fix 4 to 5 per cent tax. But, gave favour to trust – worthy Jagerdars. For this purpose ‘rent – free tenures system’ is introduced and some Jagerdars are allowed not to pay tax for some specific period.
1920: Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi is the editor of Al - Amin of Hyderabad, and today he makes the paper as historic document. The said Newspaper carries details about the 1st Sindh Khilafat Conference held at Hyderabad. 
1941: Dokri Muslim League demands the appointment of Dr. Daudpoto as Director of Public Instrutions (D.P.I = Education) on permanent basis. The meeting also congratulates Mir Bandah Ali Khan on his joining Muslim League.
1948: The U.N. Security Council begins debate on Kashmir issue. India presents her view point today.
1956: The P.I.D.C’s Rs 17 million Zeal Pak Cement Factory , Hyderabad, goes into production.
1963: Z.A.Bhutto reaches New Delhi for holding ministerial level talks on Kashmir and other issues with India.
1979: Three volumes of ‘White Paper’ on and against Bhutto are released. Minds are masses are being prepared to listen and accept a BIG NEWS in near future.
1987: Troops are called out in Hyderabad, Curfew is imposed in Karachi. Both cities become Burning spots. Judicial inquiry into violence incidents is ordered.
1991: Protest rallies are held in Pakistan against presence of U.S forces in the Gulf.

 

16th  January

1850: First ever Church is built in Karachi.
1909: The Governor of the Bombay Presidency lays foundation stone of ‘Hassan Ali House’ in Sindh Madressah, Karachi. The building took one tear in its complection.
1920: The local branch of Khilafat Committee holds public meeting at Goth Mahboob of taluka Mirokhan. It is presided over by Moulana Muhammad Ismail. Speakers apprise people of the high handedness of the Government and mishandling of Khilafat issue. They are asked to take active part in politics so as to save country.
1921: Nawabshah Khilafat Committee holds public meeting, that is attended by large number of people. Speakers condemned the negative and anti – people role of police. People are asked and advised to face any kind of difficulty in the greater interest of country.
1931: The day provides wonderful evidence about political vision & wisdom of Sindh. Today, my country is politically active in her length and breath. Jamiat Nizam –ul- Muslimeen holds public meeting at Karachi, Local branch of Khilafat Committees holds public meeting at Amrot, Buthi of taluka Mirokhan and other so many places. Anluman Islah al- Muslimeen is formed at Kambar, and Moulana Naurangi (President), Moulana Muhammad Azim ‘Sheda’ Solangi (Vice President), Moulana Ghulam Sidiq (Secretary) and Haji Fatih Muhammad (Treasurer) are selected its founder office – bearers. Today, condolence meetings on the death of Moulana Muhammad Ali ‘Johar’ are held in almost all cities of Sindh.
1948: Sindh Hari Committee rejects Rojor Toms’ Report on improving conditions of peasants. The party constitutes it Committee on the subject that consists of Hyder Bux Jatoi, Abdul Qadir Khokhar and Jan Muhammad Pali. The meeting is held at Larkano.
1957: Pakistan makes a strong plea for immediate stationing of U.N troops in Kashmir.
1965: Combined Opposition Parties (COP) Conference opens at Karachi with aim to prepare political line of action regarding elections. The Central Working Committee of the Council Muslim League decides to support boycott of the assembly elections.
1979: Another White Paper is released by the Government so as make people believe that Z.A.Bhutto disregarded law and tried to build an authoritarian state. 
1991: Benazir leaves for London. Sindh Government takes back sedation case against G.M.Syed.
1992: PDA and ANP in NWFP are busy blaming and counter blaming each other on the issue of Kalabagh Dam. Federal Minister, Jam Yousif is determined to resolve the issue politically.

17th  January

1887: The Governor of Bombay Presidency, Lord Reay performs the opening ceremony of the Sindh Arts College (D.J.Sindh). The College is opened with 28 students on the roll. The college is housed in a small building at the site known as Thattat Compound.
1912: His Highness Sir Agha Khan visits Sindh Madressah and addresses the faculty and studends.
1920: The Sindh Provincial Congress Committee deplores the tragedy of Jallianwala Bagh and decides to raise fund for to help affected families in Punjab.
1942: Pakistan Conference is held at Kambar. It is presided over by Pir Syed Hassan Bux Shah, landlord of Mirabpur of District Nawabshah . It is attended by G.M.Syed, K.B.Khuhro, Qazi Fazalullah, Agha Nazar Ali, Moulvi Muhammad Ismail, Moulvi Ghulam Rasool of Mehar, Moulvi Muhammad Ibrahim of Buthi, Moulvi Abdul Karim Menai, Moulvi Muhammad Daud Of Mahboob Tunio, Hakim Syed Ali Muhammad Shah Baqapuri,Moulvi Muhammad Khan of Aheri, Moulvi Syed Taj Muhammad Shah of Manah Tharrai, Syed Chhatal shah of Dargah Nourang Shah, Moulvi Abdul Karin Brohi, Wadero Ali Hassan, Hakim Abdul Rashid, Rais Mithal Khan Lakho, Rais Haji Dur Muhammad, Rais Muhammad Yaqub, Moulvi Muhammad Azim ‘Sheda’, Ghulam Muhammad Isran, Agha Ghulam Nabi and others. The event is an eye – opener for those, who do not see the role played by Sindh in creation of Pakistan. The event carry another lesson also and it is that the trio of Pir, wadero & Moulvi has brought Big Changes as desired and required by them.
1952: The Soviet Union in its first major intervention in the Kashmir dispute charges Britain and USA with manoeuvring for transform Kashmir into a military springboard against the Soviet and China.
1978: Politicians are busy in one to one meetings. Arbab Sikandar meets G.M.Syed and Soomro meets Moulana Maudoodi. 
1971: President Yahya and Z.A.Bhutto holds talks on political situation in Larkano.

 

18th  January

1844: Sir Chrales Napier, Sindh Governor sends three drawings of bridge to be constructed over the Fullei to the Governor – General of India and request for approval one of them and permission to start work.
1858: The Assistant Commissioner for Jageers recommends the case of Ali Akbar s/o late Ghulam Shah Laghari to give up 1/3 of the land of his Jageer in lieu of paying a fixed assessment of Rs.49 per cent mensem.
1924: New NGO ‘Arya Yovk Samaj’ is formed in Karachi and Biharilal Sahinji (President), Chamanlal (Vice President), Mohan Lal (Secretary), Bhagatram (Assistant Secretary), Puran Chand (Treasurer), Khairatiram (Library Incharge) and Karamchand (Auditor) are elected as its founder office – bearers. This NGO remained active for so many years.
1938: Sindh Government, vide its Directive No G.R.Political Department, asks Local Bodies and other organizations to appoint ‘Sindhis’ in their services. It also defines that Sindhi means a person born in Sindh and speaks Sindhi.
1965: ‘Pakistan does not want see differences between Indonesia and Malaysia. Will help solve dispute, if asked and desired for.’ Says Z.A.Bhutto, Foreign Minister.
1966: Pakistan to export rice to Soviet Union and import Road building and agricultural machinery. Agreement is signed between both countries.
1967: Advisory Committee to the USA President arrives in Pakistan to make a first - hand check on American Aid Program. 
1972: ‘I am willing to step aside and prepared to do ant thing, if Pakistan can be kept one and united’, says Z.A.Bhutto, President of Pakistan.
1989: Punjab Chief Minister, Nawaz Sharif asks Punjab Governor Tikka Khan to desist from violating constitution.
1991: Pakistan Government expels the Press Counsellor of Iraqi Embassy in Islamabad for recruiting mercenaries.

 

19th  January

1832: On his arrival at the mouth of Indus, Colonel Pottenger is beaten and his baggage is snatched by Sindhi people. It was not an act of crime, but Sindhis were politically conscious and that that presence of an English man is high risk for the independence of Sindh. Colonel Pottenger lodges protest with ‘Mihandar’ of Talpurs.
1849: First ever Dictionary in Sindhi and Grammar is compiled by Captain Stack, Dy. Collector. He approaches the Government for fixing of the price for books and remmuneration for Pandit , who helped him in this task.
1931: Round Table Conference ends in London.
1932: Under Section 35 of the Emergency Powers Ordinance, 1932 (2 of 1932) Magistrates in Sindh are invested with powers of Special Magistrates to combat Non – Co – Operation movement launched by the Congress.
1955: Karachi – London PIA service is inaugurated by the Prime Minister of Pakistan, M.A.Bogra.
1957: Matter of mutual interests are discussed by Premiers of Pakistan, Turkey and Iran in Ankra.
1969: A campaign to obtain signatures of the citizens in support of 8 – points program of DAC is launched in Karachi. Opposition is determined to get rid of Ayub – Shahi.
1972: The Council of Pakistan Newspapers Editors (CPNE) demands repeal of repressive press laws1978: Begum Nusrat Bhutto is put under house – arrest and Benazir Bhutto is asked to leave Karachi.
1985: MRD decides to boycott general elections.
1989: PLO mission in Pakistan gets embassy status.

 

20th  January

  1844: Mir Naseer Khan had ordered work on ‘Ali Bahar Canal’. But, due to critical conditions created by the East India Co. Government in Sindh, the work on canal was left un finished. Today, the Government of Sindh requests the Governor – General of India for permission to restart work on Ali Bahar Canal. L. Mecleod, Surveyor, is asked to prepare short report on the advantages of the canal.
1948: The U.N Security Council sets up a commission with a dual function: to investigate the facts about Kashmir issue and to exercise any mendiatory influence.
1962: The contract of the construction of the Mangla dam is awarded to a consortium of South American firms.
1965: Foreign Minister, Z.A.Bhutto criticizes Anglo – American nuclear umbrella for India and British new politico – military posture east of suez. Addresses Press Conference soon after meeting with the British Prime Minister , in London.
1966: Pakistan facilitated Mrs. Indra Gandhi on assuming the office of the Prime Minister of India. In 1971, she paved way for the disintegration of Pakistan.
1969: Asghar Khan visits Hyderabad and while talking to the press he says that ‘only Z.A.Bhutto can bring unity among the opposition ranks’. When Bhutto came into power, Asghar Khan desired and asked to get rid of Bhutto government.
1977: Prime Minister Z.A.Bhutto and nine other PPP nominees including provincial Chief Ministers are declared unopposed by the Election Commission and it beginning of the fall of Bhutto power. In Larkana, District administer made blunder to keep Moulana Jan Muhammad Abbasi away from filling nomination paper. In this way and for pleasing Z.A.Bhutto, administration put him in darkness and paved way for his political end.
1990: A meeting of trio: President Ishaq, Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and Army Chief Aslam Beg is held in Islamabad. Later on it took a few months to dismiss PPP Government

 

21st  January

1832: Mir Murad Ali Khan Talpur is dead and claims of several rival candidates for Masnad are emerging. Syed zainuddin is apprising Colonel Pottenger of day to day development and Pottenger is informing his Government accordingly. He is advised to keep the eye, but remain away from all candidates.
1858: Regular Educational Inspector is still not appointed in Sindh. Therefore task is given to the Assistant Commissioner for Jageers. Today, he requests Collectors to supply him with a statement of receipts on account of School & Road Fund, as he can move plan for the maintenance of schools.
1946: Election results of the Sindh Legislative Assembly are announced. Party Position emerged as : Muslim League (27), Congress (21), G.M.Syed Group (4), Nationalist Muslims (4), Europeans (3) and Labour (1).
1952: The Neo Dastur Party of Tunisia appeals Pakistan to intervene in the crisis between Tunisia & France.
1953: Ulema Committee expresses dissatisfaction with the Constitutional proposals. 
1969: Five persons receive bullet injuries in Dhaka and six in Rawalpindi, during demonstration against Government.
1973: NAP accepts PPP’s offer of talks on Constitution making.
1978: CMLA remits sentence awarded by a military court to the editor and photographer of the Sun, Lahore.
1992: ‘If the Kalabagh Dam is constructed, we will blast it with bomb’, say Wali Khan while addressing public meeting on the eve of 5th death anniversary of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan.
1994: ‘I am the Chairperson of the Party’, says ousted chairperson Begum Nusrat Bhutto. The House is divided and will be ruled and ruined very soon.

 

22nd  January

  1844: Sindh Governor sends plan and proposal to the Governor – General for converting the old fort of Shikarpur into jail and request for permission to erect four ranges of Barracks, each sufficient to accommodate 50 prisoners.
1897: The Karachi Theosophical Society is chartered. It paved way for starting of Home Rule League in Sindh, that dominated Sindh politics for long time.
1928: Naraindas Anandji presides over the meeting of Karachi Congress. It is decided to observe strike on 3rd of February to protest against Simon Commission. The meeting is attended by Swami Govindanand, Muhammad Khan; seth Haji Abdullah Haroon, Prof. Jhamatmal; Manilal Viyas; Shaikh Abdul Majeed; Mir Muhammad Baloch; R.K.Sidhwa and Narsinghlal.
1965: Foreign Minister of Pakistan, Z.A.Butto speaking in U.N. General Assembly charges India with increasing repression in Kashmir. Also meets Secretary General to apprise him of the situation.
1966: Pakistan and India arrive at an agreement over a plan of disengagement along with border.
1968: Pakistan denies reports that it is interested in forming security arrangements in the Persian Gulf area to fill the gap created by U.K’s withdrawal.
1969: Police – mob clashes continue in all major cities of East and West Pakistan. People are on roads to restore democracy in the country.
1992: APC demands for national government. Meeting is held in Karachi.
1994: Kazi Hussain Ahmad quits as Chief of JI due to criticism from old guards of the party.

 

23rd  January

  1857: differences between John Jacob and Major Goldsmid took a such turn Sindh Commissioner , Bartel Frere, started sporting Major Goldsmid and that brings John Jacob in bad books of the Governor – General. John Jacob, though rendered valuable services in Jacoabad for his Government, but most of actions, decision and proposal were not appreciated by Sindh and India Governments.
1965: Telex service is established between Pakistan and USSR via Rome.
1972; Z.A.Bhutto indicates that there will be three – tire local Government to replace Basic Democracy system. The President announces steps to restore democracy in the Pakistan.
1977: PPP wins 40 seats in provincial assemblies unopposed.
1986: speaker reserves ruling on the Motion regarding General Zia as coast.
1988: Fifteen people are killed in bomb blast during Ghaffar Khan;s burial in Jalalabad.
1989: The Balochistan High Court declares the dissolution ob provincial assembly in December as unconstitutional.
1990: Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan gives away 2243 acres of developed agriculture land to Haris in Makran.
1992: President is forcing Sindh to separation, says Benazir Bhutto. Crops Commander Lt. Gen.Hamid Gul former Chief of ISI is compulsorily retired.
1993: Turkey and Pakistan call on Saddam Hussain for immediate withdrawal of his forces from Kuwait in the interest of peace. 24 people are killed and 50 are injured as a two bomb go off in Hyderabad.

 

24th  January

   1849: Mr. Inevrority is appointed as Assistant to Sindh Commissioner. After ten years he became Commissioner of Sindh.
1948: Pakistan and India agree to draft plan for holding plebiscite in Kashmir.
1950: Two separate and independent parties ‘Sindh Provincial Hari Committee’ and ‘Sindh Hari Committee”, stand merged. Hyder Bux Jatoi and Abdul Qadir Khokhar are appointed organizers.
1951: In a conference held in Karachi headed by Moulana syed Suleman Nadvi and attended by Moulana Moududi and 31 leading religious scholars unite at 22 – point agenda for an islamic state.
1959: Land Reforms are announced in West Pakistan and land holdings are limited in irrigated area to 1000 acres and in barani area to 500 acres.
1963: Z.A.Bhutoo is sworn in as the Foreign Minister of Pakistan.
1965: CENTO and RCD will extend cooperation to each other. SENTO Secretary General reaches Pakistan after visiting Iran.
1969: People are not ready to afford President Ayub more. Dhaka Secretariat is set on fire. Demonstrators are lathi charged in Karachi.
1971: India expels a Pakistani diplomat on charges of active involvement in high – risk activities.
1977: PPP announces election Manifesto.
1978: ‘I will oppose Nusrat Bhutto to impose her daughter Benazir Bhutto on the party’, says Moulana Kausar Niazi, one of most obedient friends of Z.A.Bhutto.
1979: Z.A.Bhutto underestimated state institutions. Government issues yet another White Paper.

 

25th January

  1839: Lieutenant Postans is appointed as Assistant Political Resident, Upper Sindh.
1847: Government of India orders for circulation of the Company’s rupees in Sindh.
1858: 500 bigas Jageer, that was taken from ghulam Mustafa Laghari of Taluka Matiari, in misapprehension, is re granted to him.
1923: Seth Khilafat Committee, in its meetinh bheld under chairmanship of Seth Haji Abdullah Haroon asks its branches to collect 50 thousand rupees, enrole 50 thousand new members and select 2000 volunteers for making the Non – Co –Operation Movement sucsses.
1951; hussain Shaheed suhrwardi and Iftkhar Mamdot announce the merger of Awami League and Jinnah Muslim League.
1961: Jet runway at Karachi Airport is inaugurated.
1962: Pakistan accepts U.S President’s suggestion that World Bank President should serve as mediator in the Kashmir dispute. It is beginning of the political influence of the World Bank in Pakistan.
1969: Curfew is imposed in some cities of East and West Pakistan. Some demonstrators are killed in police firing. People are determined to get rid of Ayub – Government.
1971: Pakistan Governments declares First Secretary of Indian High commission in Islamabad as ‘Persona non – granta’ and orders him to leave Pakistan within 48 hours.
1972: Wali Khan criticizes continuation of martial law and postponement of National Assembly session.
1977: Bhutto’s unopposed election is challenged in the Election Commission. Moulana Jan Muhammad Abbasi’s appeal is accepted.
1979: No mercy plea by Z.A.Bhutto or his family, declares Begum Nusrat Bhutto.
1995: Ten die in ethnic violence in Karachi.

 

26th  January

  1832: Dr.DlHoste is directed by the Government of India to extend accuintance with the geography of Sindh as the information collected by him will be very useful for military purpose.
1920: Al –Amin, weekly of Hyderabad, edited by Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi, carries Farwa (religious Ruling) issued by Sindhi Ulema. In this Fatwa, those people, who participated in Victory celebrations organized by the Government from 12th November to 16th November 1919, are asked to tender their apology before people and Allah and make promise that they will not repeat such type of mistake again and will not cooperate with Government and its anti – Islam policy. Otherwise, it will be political and religious duty of people to boycott them socially.
1930; Sindh observe ‘Azadi (Freedom) Day’. The call was made by the Congress.
1932: Poetic sitting is held by ‘Sindhi Sudhar Society’ in D.J.Sindh college of Karachi. It is presided over by Mir Ayoob Khan. New trend is set by Sindhi Sudhar Society as poets are given topic (Love for Motherland) to poets for composing their poetry, to be presented in the Mushaira (Poetic Sitting).
1933: Sindh Hindu Conference is held at Karachi. The separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency is opposed.
1937: Al – Wahid, Daily of Karachi, criticized Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto and his political contribution and praises Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi and his services for Sindh. Both are facing each other in election from the same constituency of Larkano. Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi defeated Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto in his home district and constituency. 
1943: The Indian National Congress issues an appeal to the people for celebrating ‘Independence Day’ in befitting manner and asks people to destroy the usurper’s authority and establish Republic of India Sindh Congress takes active part in celebrating the Day.
1965: After two – day sit in in Dhaka, joint conference is held by the opposition parties related to COP (Combined Opposition Parties). It is decided to participate in elections.
1972: USSR recognizes Bangladesh.
1991: Jam Saqi while addressing public meeting at Sakrand opposed the construction of Kalabagh Dam and terms it as conspiracy to ruin Sindh.

 

27th  January

  1848: on knowing the fact that the Government of British sindh is thinking about the establishment of Cantonment at Kandhkot, His Highness Mir of Khairpur writes to the Resident of Khairpur , informing that establishment of a Cantonment at Kandhkot and abolition of a bazzar at Ghulama would be inconvenient and prove injurious to the people,his subjects of those places
1853: His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan is deprived of some territories by the British Government. He was not only blamed but decision was taken against him that he had made changes of in his favour in the Treaty of Nau Nihar.Today, Sindh Commissioner is asked by the Government of Bombay that submit Revenue Statement of those territories, now taken from him. The Statement will give idea to the Government that what amount be recovered from Mir. This may kindly be kept in mind that Mir Ali Murad Khan was very trust worthy friend of British Government of India and he helped them much before they occupied Sindh. As now they have achieved their goal of usurping Sindh, hence their policy toward Mir is changed.
1950: Pakistan accepts in principle the Indian proposal for referring the inter – Dominion canal – water dispute to an expert committee.
1961; Warsk Dam project is inaugurated.
1963: opposition’s National Democratic Front (NDF) hold meetings simultaneously in Dhaka and Karachi to decides its future line of action. Karachi meeting is presided over by Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi and is attended by Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan, Khan Abdul wali Khan, Sardar Bahadur Khan, Mian Tufail Muhammad, Prof. Abdul Ghafoor, Rasool Bux Talpur, Sardar Attaullah Mengal and Moulana Abdul Sattar Niazi.Presiding over meeting by a Sindhi indicates political vision, wisdom and leadership quality of Sindh.
1965: It is said that India becomes self – sufficient in all stages of manufacture of nuclear weapons.
1969: It is over all terrible and dark day in both wings of Pakistan. People are in streets to demand for restoration of Democracy. Army is called out and curfew is imposed following clashes in Karachi.
1973: Balochistan Governor Ghous Bux Bizinjo alleges that Federal Minister Khan Abdul Qayum Khan is instigating armed rebellion in Lasbella.
1991: U.S President Bush’s administration is unhappy with pro – Saddam rallies in Pakistan, and suggests immediate cut – off already suspended U.S economic and military aid to Pakistan.
1993: Federal Minister, Raja Parvez while talking to press men in Lahore says that the Kalabagh Dam will be constructed at any cost.

 

28th  January

1836: Sindhi people are not happy with the presence of Political Agents and other staff appointed by the East India Co. Government in Sindh. Whenever they find any opportunity, they beat or rob these English men. Dr. Heddle is humiliated near Hyderabad. Though, Talpur rulers assured him of taking action about responsible people, but, today Colonel Pottenger sends report to his Government to apprise it of the situation faced by his staff in Sindh.
1839: Colonel Pottenger writes to Rear – Admiral Sir Frederk Maitland, Naval Commander – in – Chief, soliciting special protection for Seth Naumal and his family at Karachi. From Jherk, he writes:’ Under these circumstances a force must of course go to Karachi and take possession of that place. There is one point to which I solicit your kind and minute attention. I allude to protection, under all circumstances, of the house, family and property of Naumal Seth of Karachi. The individual is now with the force at Jherk. He has most zealously and indefatigably assisted us, and I can not convey my deep anxiety regarding him and his better than by saying that they (house & family of Naumal) ought to be guarded s those of the Governor – General of India’.
1921: Miss record Shahani presides over the meeting of ‘Women’s Indian Association’ in the H.D.Girls High School Karachi. Eighty members are present and Miss Devi Bai is conducting the meeting as its Stage Secretary. The organization is renamed as “ Hindi Astri Mandal” and its Aims & Objects are revised.
1923: The meeting of Jamiat-ul-Ulema Sindh District Sukkur is held in the Municipal Town Hall of Sukkur, with Moulana Taj Mahmood Amroti in chair. It is attended by Moulana Ahmad Ali, Moulana Farooq Ahmad; Moulana Ali Sher; Moulana Himadullah; and Syed Asadullah Shah. Moulana Dim Muhammad Wafai and Moulana Abdul Karim Chishti spoke on the political situation of Sindh and Hind. On this occasion, Moulana Abdul Karinm Chishti was replaced by Moulana Muhammad Hashim as the Secretary of the Distric Branch.
1940: The meeting of the General Body of the Sindh Provincial Muslim League is held at Karachi, with Haji Abdullah Haroon in chair. New office – bearers of the party and Working committee are elected. It is attended by Kazi Fazalullah, Muhammad Ayub Khuhro; Pir Ali Muhammad Shah Rashdi; Pir Ali Anwar Shah; Ghulam Muhammad Isran and others.
1956; First ever Constitution of Pakistan is approved by the Constituent Assembly. It took nine years to have a constitution. 
1973: The Government is sending troops to Balochistan to restore law and order. The PPP Government justifies its decision.
1978: Ghous Bux Raisani is released. The meeting is held between CMLA Zia and PNA leaders and they provide list of corrupt officers of Sindh and NWFP for taking action against them.

 

29th  January

1836: Sindhi people are not happy with the presence of Political Agents and other staff appointed by the East India Co. Government in Sindh. Whenever they find any opportunity, they beat or rob these English men. Dr. Heddle is humiliated near Hyderabad. Though, Talpur rulers assured him of taking action about responsible people, but, today Colonel Pottenger sends report to his Government to apprise it of the situation faced by his staff in Sindh.
1839: Colonel Pottenger writes to Rear – Admiral Sir Frederk Maitland, Naval Commander – in – Chief, soliciting special protection for Seth Naumal and his family at Karachi. From Jherk, he writes:’ Under these circumstances a force must of course go to Karachi and take possession of that place. There is one point to which I solicit your kind and minute attention. I allude to protection, under all circumstances, of the house, family and property of Naumal Seth of Karachi. The individual is now with the force at Jherk. He has most zealously and indefatigably assisted us, and I can not convey my deep anxiety regarding him and his better than by saying that they (house & family of Naumal) ought to be guarded s those of the Governor – General of India’.
1921: Miss record Shahani presides over the meeting of ‘Women’s Indian Association’ in the H.D.Girls High School Karachi. Eighty members are present and Miss Devi Bai is conducting the meeting as its Stage Secretary. The organization is renamed as “ Hindi Astri Mandal” and its Aims & Objects are revised.
1923: The meeting of Jamiat-ul-Ulema Sindh District Sukkur is held in the Municipal Town Hall of Sukkur, with Moulana Taj Mahmood Amroti in chair. It is attended by Moulana Ahmad Ali, Moulana Farooq Ahmad; Moulana Ali Sher; Moulana Himadullah; and Syed Asadullah Shah. Moulana Dim Muhammad Wafai and Moulana Abdul Karim Chishti spoke on the political situation of Sindh and Hind. On this occasion, Moulana Abdul Karinm Chishti was replaced by Moulana Muhammad Hashim as the Secretary of the Distric Branch.
1940: The meeting of the General Body of the Sindh Provincial Muslim League is held at Karachi, with Haji Abdullah Haroon in chair. New office – bearers of the party and Working committee are elected. It is attended by Kazi Fazalullah, Muhammad Ayub Khuhro; Pir Ali Muhammad Shah Rashdi; Pir Ali Anwar Shah; Ghulam Muhammad Isran and others.
1956; First ever Constitution of Pakistan is approved by the Constituent Assembly. It took nine years to have a constitution. 
1973: The Government is sending troops to Balochistan to restore law and order. The PPP Government justifies its decision.
1978: Ghous Bux Raisani is released. The meeting is held between CMLA Zia and PNA leaders and they provide list of corrupt officers of Sindh and NWFP for taking action against them.

 

30th  January

1919: Anjuman ahbah Watan of Sukkur request the Commissioner of Sindh to all the Anjuma to rename Anglo – Arabic School of Sukkur after his name. The meeting is held with Abdul aziz (Alig) in chair.
1923: Mehar remained active centre of Khilafat Movement during British era. So many conferences were held in this city. Today, a big and crowded Khilafat conference is also held here. 
1948: Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated in New Delhi. Pakistan mourns his death.
1952: Pakistan denies Soviet charges that western powers are establishing their bases in Kashmir with the cooperation of Pakistan.
1962: Hussain Shaheed Suharwadi is arrested in Karachi. A Banker, Abdul Qadir is appointed as Finance Minister of Pakistan.
1965: Opposition boycotts the West Pakistan Assembly session to protest against attack on Abdul Baqi Baloch which resulted death of Zamir Qureshi, a Journalist.
1969: Police – students clashes take place in Rawalpindi, Larkano and Swat. The National Assembly is told that President Ayub is ready for talks with opposition.
1971: An aeroplane of Indian Airlines corporation is makes un- scheduled landing at Lahore airport. It is hijacked by Hashim and Altaf of occupied Kashmir. Passengers are released, whereas plane is blown up.
1972: World Bank seeks probe into Pakistan’s economy. Its President Robert Mc Namara holds meeting with President Bhutto.
1979: Z.A.Bhutto misused state power to eliminate opponents, says the White Paper issued by the Government of Pakistan.
1990: Eleven people are shot dead in Hyderabad. Curfew is clamped in the city.

 

31st  January

 

1835: Son and Nephew of Mir Rustam Khan have arrived Hyderabad with mission to request Mir Noor Muhammad Khan that Shah Shuja, who has arrived in Gandhawa, be not allowed to enter Sindh. They are replied by Mir Noor Muhammad that Shah Shuja will not stay in Sindh, but will be given and granted passage towards to India, and will be given with respect and honour as King.
1920: In the Khilafat Conference, to be held in February at Larkano, delegates and participants will have to purchase Tickets. However, Moulanas will be allowed free. Organizers of the Conference decides. Later on, reports revealed that the Conference was attended by 15,000 people.
1932: The Congress launches ‘Civil Dis – Obedience Movement’. Sindh takes active part.
1967: U.S Defence Secretary says that China wants to exploit differences between India and Pakistan to weaken and divide Sub – Continent.
1972: Pakistan snaps ties with Commonwealth in protest as Britain, Newzeland, and Australia recognize Bangladesh.

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