1st  October

1847: Sindh, an independent country lost its freedom in 1843 and became Governor’s province with Sir Charles Napier as her first Governor.Today, her provincial status is also snatched and is annexed with Bombay Presidency and R.K.Pringle is appointed as Commissioner. Today, he informs Officer Commanding the Forces in Sindh about his appointment. (Source: letter No.2788).
1878: Bombay Act V1 of 1873 is extended to Sindh and following are declared as Municipal Commissions in Larkanao and Hyderabad Districts. Larkano District: 1) Kambar, 2). Ratodero, 3). Sehwan, 4). Bubak. Hyderabad District: 1). Tando Muhammad Khan, 2). Tando Allahyar, 3). Hala, 4). Nasrpur, 5). Matiari. (Source: Government of Bombay’s Notification).
1918: Karachi Home Rule League celebrates Birthday of Dr. Anni Besant with Jairamdas Doulatram in chair. Shrikrishandas Lula, R.K.Sidhwa, Chainrai Virbhandas and others spoke on the occasion and threw light on the life & achievements of the founder of the Home Rule League, Dr. Anni Besant. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1920: Sindh Khilafat celebrates ‘Election Boycott Week’. It is first day and public meetings are held in the length and breadth of Sindh to aware the people that election is some sort of an opportunity to be availed by Government to purchase loyalties. (Source: The Dail Alwahid, Karachi).
1922: Kambar Khilafat Committee elects its office-bearers and they are: Moulvi Ghulam Sidik (President), Syed Hassan Shah (Vice President), Haji Muhammad Usman (Secretary), Gul Muhammad Pathan (Joint Secretary) and Muhammad Essa (Treasurer).
1930: Shahnawaz Khan Bhutto is given At Home by Sardar Wahid Bux Bhutto at Gandhi Garden of Karachi. While speaking on the occasion, Shahnawaz Khan said that the case of separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency will be presented in the Round Table Conference and he is leaving for London very soon. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1940: Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, addressing a gathering at Nuh says that Gandhi was among the first Indians to denounce Hitler’s acts and to declare that his sympathy lay entirely on the side of Britain in this war. Since that declaration was made the Congress had been changing its position from time to time until at last Gandhi had formulated his demand for freedom. (Source: Annual Indian Register, Vol-11, 1940).
1945: The meeting of the Sindh Muslim League Parliamentary Board is held at Hyder Manzil, Karachi with G.M.Syed in Chair. It is attended by Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, Mir Ghulam Ali, Pir Illahi Bux; K.B. Khuhro; Syed Khair Shah and Agha Ghulam Nabi Pathan. 70 applications are received for 35 seats. The meeting proved to be division of the Board. Sir Ghulam Hussain left the meeting in protest and headed a separate meeting at Khuhro’s residence. Mir Ghulam Ali , Pir Illahi Bux and attended the meeting. (Source: G.M.Syed’s book ‘Nai Sindh Lai Jidojuhud’)
1947: Parsram, an Assistant to Sindh Chief Minister is arrested on grounds that he was possessing secret documents. (Source: Newspapers).
1950: New Department is established by the federal Government for Migrants’ affairs. (Source: ibid).
1955: All involved in Rawalpindi Conspiracy case are released. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Zia postpones elections and impose ban on all kinds of political activities. (Source: Newspapers).
1982:Lawyers’ Conventions held in various cities demand restoration of basic rights of citizens. Hafiz Lakho and other lawyers are arrested. (Source: Newspapers).


2nd  October

1835: Colonel Pottenger informs his Government that he has received some secret messages from Sindh Rulers and he intends to depute Lieutenant Burns to proceed to Hyderabad in this regard. (Source: letter No.70).
1919: Deputation of Larkano Khilafat leaders consisting of Seth Khudadad Surahio and Syed Muhammad Shah meet Haji Amir Ali Lahori, the President of Larkano Municipality to get permission for holding fucction to celebrate ‘Khilafat Day’ in Municipal area on 19th of October. Haji Amir Ali Lahori, who is also president of ‘Anjuman Islam’, Larkano, not only refuses to grant permission and ask them to avoid gathering people for anti-British Government purpose. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1922: Bhagwandas, local Congress Activist of Larkano is awarded 12 months imprisonment under 108 CPC for extending his cooperation to Khilafat Committee and participating in Non Co-Operation Movement. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1929: Sindh Congress celebrates birthday of Gandhi. Processions are taken out and public meetings are held. (Source: Sindh Observer).
1934: The Parliamentary Committee of the British Parliament recommends that Sindh should be separated from Bombay Presidency. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1945: Over 300 Nationalist Muslims from all over Sindh assemble in a conference at Karachi, and decide to create a new party to present a united front against the Muslim League during the election and create new political life among Muslim masses in Sindh. (Source: Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1945).
1957: Pakistan Security Act to remain enact for more one year. Government issues Notification. (Source: Government Notification).
1959: Muhajir Basti is established at Hyderabad. (Source: Newspapers).
1990: Due to disturbance in court area at Lahore, Reference against Benazir Bhutto is not heard. Defence Counsel of Banazir alleges that police present in civil clothes is responsible for violence. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

Top of Form


3rd  October

1922: A public meeting is held at Shahdadkot by local branch of the Khilafat Committee. Speakers condemn anti-Islam & anti-Turk policy of the Government and they ask people to take part in the politics and get rid of British Government. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).

1939: Larkano says Big No to declare holiday and celebrate Birthdays of Jinnah, Gandhi and Tilk and other leaders. This may kindly be noted that in the light of resolution passed on the evev of Sindh Districts Local Boards Conference [24th Sept], the president of Self-Government Institute made request to all District Local Boards for celebration of Birthdates and declaring holidays on those events.(Source: Newspapers).

1941: When the ‘Indus Commission’ met at Simla, Sir B.N.Rau, chairman, suggested for the consideration of the parties that Sindh’s objections regarding the Bhakra Dam be withdrawn or modified and the dam be allowed to be erected, provided expressed stipulations were laid down that quantities of water authorized to be withdrawn would be subject to modification if and when Sindh’s apprehensions turned out to be true. Both parties agreed to the suggestion.

1950: Allam Mashrqui, founder of Khaksar Tahrik is arrested. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Khaksar Tahrik’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

1955: The Governor-General, Iskandar Mirza gives assent to the ‘Establishment of West Pakistan-One-Unit-Bill,1955, passed by the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on 30th of September 1955. (Source: Newspapers).

1971: Russian president Nikolai Podgorny warns India and Pakistan against going to war to settle their dispute over the East Pakistan. (Source: ibid).

1992: New World Order will not work, says African National Congress President Dr.Nelson Mandela, who reaches Karachi. (source: Newspapers).

1996: Benazir Bhutto addresses U.N. General Assembly, calls for multilateral talks on Asian Security and proposes world conference on South Asia. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

1998: Pakistan and India expel each others’ High Commission staffs on espionage charges. (Source: Newspapers).



4th  October

1847: His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan congratulates R.K.Pringle on his appointment as Sindh Commissioner and offers friendship and due cooperation. The letter is sent through Resident posted in Khairpur. (Source: letter No.73).
1855: The Assistant Commissioner for Jageers recommends the case for grant of Jageers to the following in Karachi Taluka: Malik Sardar Khan Noomrio, Malik Jeand Kan Noomrio; Malik Alladad Gabol , Datto Gabol and Piru Gabol. (Source: letter No.19).
1920: Rais-ul-Muhajreen Jan Muhammad Junijo shares his experience and observations about migration of Sindhis to Afghanistan. The briefing meeting is arranged by Larkano District Khilafat Committee and it is attended by Moulana Muhammad Sadik of Khada, Abdul Jabbar Advocate, Shaikh Abdul Aziz; Pir Mithal Shah of Thullah; Pir Fatih-u-ddin, Pir Rooh-ul-Qusus; Pir Muhammad Mustafa; Moulvi Muhammad Aqil Aqli; Moulvi Muhammad Ali; Pir Noor-u-ddin; Seth Khudadad Surahio; Seth Abdul Razaq; Seth Ahmad-u-ddin; Rahim Bux Advocate; Hari Sing Advocate; Seth Gobind Bux; Tahilram editor of ‘Larkano Gazette’ and Seth Tanwardas. The meeting is presided over by Moulana Taj Mahmood Amroti. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid,Karachi).
1947: Khairpur Mirs and Bahawalpur states announce their accession to Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1948: Moulana Moudoodi, founder of Jamait-i-Islami is arrested under Pakistan Safety Act. (Source: Newspapers).
1975: Beginning of new era between Bangladesh and Pakistan with diplomatic relations.Once part to each other, are now free and independent friend countries. (Source: Newspapers).


5th  October

1839: Lieutenant Leckie writes to inform Lieutenant White Lock at Thatta that he was unable to hire boats for conveying grain with the army as the boatmen refused. (Source:letter of 5th October)

1947: Ten thousand Indian Muslim migrants reach today in Pakistan from Delhi, Jullender and Fatihgarh. (Source: Official Press Note).

1948: Din Muhammad is appointed Sindh Governor. (Government Notification).

1953: Muslim League Parliamentary party approves Prime Minister Bogra’s formula of two national languages i.e Urdu and Bengali. (Source: ibid).

1964: While addressing public gathering at Lahore, Fatima Jinnah says that Pakistan was created to provide equal opportunities to Muslims, but they are being deprived of their fundamental and political rights. (Source: Newspapers).

1969: Socialism is best method to resolve problems of common people, says Moulana Bhashani, leader of the National Awami Party. (Source: Newspapers).

1970: Khan Abdul Qayoom Khan and Mian Mumtaz Doultana opposed Bhutto and his political philosophy. Khan Qayoom blames Bhutto is working for civil war in the name of Socialism. Whereas Doultana says that in 1965, Bhutto became high-risk for Pakistan (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

1998: Army Chief, General Jehangir Karamat proposes setting up of a National Security Council. Statement stuns government.(Source: Newspapers).

1999: Ehtesab bench of Lahore High Court issues non-bailable warrants for arrest of Benazir Bhutto. (Soure: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


6th  October

Part 1

Beera Khan Jakhrani and Pir Nooruddin, both of Upper Sindh are granted Jageer to the extent of 300 beeghas and 200 beeghas respectively.
1934: The Collector of Larkano invites attention of the Larkano District Board to the anti - social activities being performed on the occasion of Melas and Anniversaries of the late Pirs and Saints and advise to draft some sort or Rules to stop such activities. The LDLB appoints Committee for this purpose. It consists of Muhammad Ayub Khuhro, Ahmad Bux Bhutto and Pirbhdas Tolani.
1947: Karachi is connected with all provincial capitals with flight service.
1950: Liaquat Ali Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan also becomes the President of the Pakistan Muslim League.

Part 2

1958: Khan of Kalat, Mir Ahmad Yar Khan, is taken into preventive detention by the Govt. of Pakistan.
1973: Parliament extends emergency. Opposition's protest bycott begins.
1988: Party - based elections on schedule. Supreme Court gives verdict in Benazir Bhutto's constitutional petition.
1990: Lahore High Court issues contempt notice to PPP leaders for hooliganism in the court on October 2.
1992: Sindh Local Bodies are dissolved.
1993: General elections are held. People cast their votes for the time in five years.
2001: President General Pervez Musharraf gets extension in his tenure as the Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) for unspecified period.


7th  October

Part 1

1843: The Secretary to Govt. of India, J.Thomason writes to the Secretary to the Govt. of Bombay to contact Sindh Governor and request him to convey to Bombay the ladies of the households of the Ex - Amirs of Sindh.
1845: Darya Khan Thoro, Jagerdar of the Karachi District is dead and the Sindh Commissioner recommends that the Jageer be restored to his son Jaffar Khan.
1885: Literary gathering is arranged at Mex Denso Hall, Karachi and the topic 'Merriage in Childhood' is discussed. The sitting is arranged by Max Denso Hall Literary Society and Principal speaker was P.Ardesher, Secretary of the Society.
1920: A big public meeting is held at Hyderabad by Khilafat Committee. Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi, Qazi Asadullah Shah of Tukhar, Moulvi Abdullah and Seth Aminuddin speak on the occasion.

Part 2

1955: The Consultative Committee of the Anti - One Unit West Pakistan Convention meets at Karachi with Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan in chair. Important participants are Pir of Manki Sharif, Khan Abdul Samad Khan Achakzai, Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi, G.M.Syed and Hyder Bux Jatoi. The Resolution is passed disapproving the One - Unit Scheme.
1958: The President of Pakistan, Iskandar Mirza, proclaims Martial Law through out the country, abrogating the Constitution, dismissing governments, disolving all assemblies and abolsing all political parties. Army Chief Gen.Muhammad Ayub is appointed Chief Martial Law Administrator.
1993: Thirteen former ministers of Nawaz Sharif cabinet are among the losers and most of them belong to Punjab. MQM boycotted the National Assembly polls, decides to go for polls in Provincial Assembly.


8th  October

Part 1

1838: The communication between Captain Burns and Colonel Pottenger reveals that they are getting tough time from the people of Sindh and even are sure about the desired response from Rulers. They intend to get Bukkar fort on loan and purchase grain, but it has become very difficult task.
1913: Sindh Hilal Ahmar, in its Annual Report, advises Sindhi Muslims to support Ghulam Muhammad Bhurgri's Cess Bill, establish Bank, open Orphan Houses and found at least one Newspaper in Sindh.
1922: A big public meeting is held at Thul, by the local branch of the Khilafat Committee, in which Govt's policy regarding Turkey and even about India and Indian people is condemned.
1938: It is truning point in the political history of British Sindh. The first sitting of the Sindh Provincial Muslim League is held at Karachi. It starts with recitation from Quran by Hafiz Ali Muhammad of Dhighri. Quaid -i- Azam presides.


9th  October



10th  October



11th  October

1849: The Collector of Hyderabad requests Sindh Commissioner that Police Lines be removed from Hyderabad Contonment limits.
1851: The Bombay Govt. approves adopting of Captain Stack's Arabic character for Sindhi Script.
1854: The Assistant Commissioner for Jageers compiles report by whom grants for money and grain were received in Talpur's Govt. in the Shikarpur City and Collectorate. He has identified 42 grants. This list might be preserved in Sindh Archives in File No.250 of 1847 - 57.
1886: The Committee formed for the establishment of the College in Sindh, decides the subjects to be taught and strength of staff to be appointed. Dayaram Jethmal remained absent as he was taking efforts to establish the college in private sector. Among others present were G.M.Macpherson (Acting Commissione), E.T.Candy (Judicial Commissioner), Colonel R.Grawford (Collector),Rev. Bambridge, K.B. Faiz Muhammad etc.


12th  October



13th  October

Part 1

1938: 4 - day Sindh Provincial Muslim Party ended last night.. After its conclusion, Quaid -i- Azam undertakes a tour into Sindh's interior to establish league branches and popularize the League cause among the rural masses. He visited Larkano, Jabobabad and other cities.
1939: All the Muslim agitator, activists and dictators detained in connection with Masjid Manzalgah Restoration Movement are released by the Sukkur District authorities without any condition.
1947: Joint Supreme Command of Armed Forces of India and Pakistan is dissolved.
1954: An Officer of the British Security Services, is appointed by the Pakistan Govt. to conduct further investigation into the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan. This may kindly be noted the in Benazir Bhutto assassination case, services of the same department of the same country were also availed, but in both cases findings of investigation were not made public.

Part 1

1965: Pakistan co - sponsored in the U.N, a resolution on Rhodesia, is adopted by the General Assembly. The resolution condemns Rhodesian authorities for an intended attempt to seize independence by illegal means in order to perpetuate the minority rule in Southern Rhodesia. This may kindly be noted the Sindh Peoples Local Bodies Bill was opposed by Sindhis on the same doubt that in Southern Sindh Rhodesia like move is taking place.
1989: U.S voices concern over Pakistan's nuclear programme despite certification of U.S President.
1993: Benazir Bhutto calls on Acting President and Caretaking Prime Minister to convince that PPP - PML (J) Alliance is in a comfortable position to form its governments at Centre and Provinces.
1996: At a high - level meeting President, Prime Minister and all Chief Ministers decide to impose tax on agriculture income at a uniform rate 'to meet demands of the World Bank and IMF'.


14th  October

1955: Sindh re - loses her provincial status. It was in 1847, when Sindh lost its provncial status of only four years and was separated from Bombay Presidency with provincial status in 1936 and today West Pakistan Province comes into existence. Mushtaq Ahmad Gurmani is appointed its Governor and Dr.Khan Sahib will be the first Chief Minister of the West Pakistan. East Bengal is renamed as East Pakistan.
1958: Sindh Hari Committee is dissolved.
1961: Camel - men of Karachi, Bashir, reaches America as the guest of Vice President Johnson.
1972: Constitutation Conference to be held on 17th of October. PPP Govt sends invitations to the leaders of the Parliamentary parties.
1977: PPP Leader Begam Ashraf Abbasi is put under house arrest in Valid.


15th  October

Part 1

1835: Colonel Pottenger deputes Lieutenant Burns to visit Hyderabadi Mirs and direct him that differences between Hyderabadi and Khairpuri Mirs be kept in mind and that situation be availed in the interests of our own government.
1892: The Sindh Commissioner, Evans James chairs the function of the opening ceremony of the building of the Sindh Arts College. The college is renamed today as Dayaram Jethmal Sindh college (D.J.S. college). The actual cost of the construction of the building is Rs.1,86,514 of which the govt. paid Rs.97193. J.Strachan, the Engineer of Karachi Municipality prepared a design for the building.
1939: The Working Committee of the Sindh Provincial Muslim League meets at Karachi to discuss Masjid Manzalgah issue and prepare stratgey for launching movement.

Part 2

1947: Urdu Journalism starts with 'Jang'. The issue of the paper is published from Karachi with Ghazi Inam Nabi as its editor.
1950: Kazi Muhammad Akbar is disqualified for five years from taking part in politics.
1951: Students will be imparted military training from the coming academic year. Next government in Sindh will be of the Muslim League, says Kazi Fazulullah, Sindh Chief Minister.
1952: India is not happy with the status of minorities in East Bengal. Asks Pakistan Govt. to ensure and protect their rights there.
1955: Portfolios of the first ever One - Unit (West Pakistan) cabinet are notified. Ayub Khuhro gets ministries of Finance, Trade, Industries, Communication, Works and Settlements of migrants. Well paid for task completed.


16th  October

1951: The month of October has proved itself as an expensive and ugly month of ugly politibal changes in Pakistan. It starts showing its colours today. Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan is assassinated at Rawalpindi. Assailant, Said Akbar is put to death by the mob. 
1962: It is a protest day in Pakistan. Western arms aid to India is condemned at large.
1964: Pakistan, Iran and Turkey sign an agreement for the abolition of visa.
1972: Islamic ministers discuss Pakistan - Bangladesh reconciliation in the U.N.O
1974: Kabul regime is behind the bomb blasts and trouble in Baluchistan, says Z.A.Bhutto, Prime Minister.
1993: PPP nominates Syed Abdullah Shah for Sindh Chief ministership.


17th  October

1918: Sindh Home Rule League protests against the decision of the Govt. of india, not to allow a Congress - League deputation to proceed to England.
1919: Sindh observes Khilafat Day. Larkanians set an example. Here the bigest gathering is presided over by Advocate Ghulam Ali and attended by Jan Muhammad Junijo, Seth Khudadad, Pir Turab Ali Shah, Pir Mithal Shah and hunderds of Pirs and Moulvis. Nawab of Lahori, K.B. Isran and Shahnawaz Bhutto did level best to stop it, but Khilafatis did it.
1933: The meeting of the Dow Committee is held at Karachi to suggest administrative steps for Sindh after her separatiom from Bombay Presidency. Seth Haji Abdullah Haroon, K.B. Khuhro, Qazi Abdul Rahman, E.L.Price, Hiranand Khemsing and others attend.


18th  October

1838: It is the beging of the end of Talpur rule in Sindh. Govt. of India has decided to send troops to Sindh with multiy purpose task. Colenol Pottenger reports his Govt. that he was making arrangements for provision of carriages and river boats for Bombay troops and also suggests that Viccur would be the best point for disembarkatinn of the troops.
1929: The veteran leader of the 'Liberal Party', The Right Honurable V.V.S.Sastri arrives in Karachi.
1937: Dr.Hemandas Wadhvani replaces Mukhi Gobindram, who resigned as Sindh Minister.
1939: Kazi Fazulullah is arrested at Ruk station in connection with Masjid Manzalgah issue. He was on way to Sukkur.


19th  October

Part 1

1838: Captain Burns informs his Govt. that he have delivered to Mir Rustam Khan the letters from Governor - General and Shah Shuja -ul- Mulk and have explained to him the object of Govt. in restoring Shah Shuja -ul- Mulk to his kingdom and informed him the Governor - General desires Mir to extend his cooperation in this regard and shall pay share of the tribute to Shah Shuja. Captain Burns also informs his Govt. that he also entered a long conversation with regard to Rojhan.
1947: It is official told that in a few days the number of the Indian Muslim migrant is as under: Twelve Trains (Today), 3250 ( yesterday),5058 (Day after yesterday), 33200 (on 14th) and 101000 on 13th of October.

Part 2

1957: The World Bank makes a loan of ¤ 31,000.000 to enable Pakistan to cover the foreign exchange cost for expansion of its railway.
1972: Partial strike is observed in Karachi Industrial area to protest against police firing and killing of four workers.
1986: One million plots to be distributed among shelterless families, Junijo launches Seven - Marla free housing Scheme near Faisalabad. In Sindh, this Scheme provided golden chance to local land - mafia and influential people to make handsome earning out of it.
1991: During clean up operation in interior Sindh 24 bandits are killed and 5 arrested.
1993: Benazir Bhutto is elected leader of house by 121 votes, Nawaz Sharif got 72 votes. JUI and PIF members abstain.




20th  October

1838: The Govt. of India informs Colonel Pottenger that all the troops are being despatched to Karachi by Sea and that orders would be issued by the Military Department for sending Lieutenant Treshire and Ramsay in 'S.S. Polinurus' for purpose of enquiry into sources of the country.
1849: There is some one Mirza Agha from Sindh, who was appointed as British Agent at Shiraz. Today, his valuable services rendered for British interests, are appreciated and recorded by Colonel F.Farrant.
1918: A political public meeting is held by The Home Rule League in Karachi and on this occasion 51th Birthday anniversary of Gandhi is also celebarated. This may kindly be noted that Home Rule League was the most popular, active and functional in Sindh much before Congress and Muslim League.


21st  October

Part 1

1845: The Commissioner of Sindh is directed that who so ever could prove that he made his Salam on 24th of May of this year, the right of Jageer will be restored to him. The Jageer of Syed Ali Akbar shah is restored to him by the Collector of Hyderabad, under this policy.
1854: Commanding Officer, Sindh Division request Govt. that Buldings at points alongwith the whole line of the river Indus be constructed, or improved where already existing, as they are important for so many reasons.
1928: In a public meeting held by the Congress and other parties with Naraindas Anandji in chair, it is decided the 1000 volunters will stage protest against the Simon Commission. Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi and Mir Muhammad Baloch address on the occasion.

Part 2

1947: 69,000 Indian Muslim migrants arrive, announces the Govt. 
1954: The U.S.A announces to make available to Pakistan in current fiscal year about ¤ 105, 000,00 in Economic Aid. Any N.G.0/Non Govt. Research Oragnisation must conduct research to find that 1) How much loan/Aid has been received so for and 2) What is its province - wise utilization. Results will be amazing one.
1961: President Ayub anaugurates first atomic energy research and training centre, in Lahore.
1972: Mairaj Muhammad Khan, Central Minister for State resigns and accuses PPP Govt. of being anti - labour. 
1992: Benazir launches PDA's Out - Nawaz movement.
1998: India rejects Pakistan's no - war pact proposal being conditional in the resolution of Kashmir dispute.


22nd  October

Part 1

1838: The attitude, approach and response of Mir Noor Muhammad is discussed between Colonel Pottenger and Captain Burns through letters. Colonel Pottenger is of view that Mir had no effect in turning him from his purpose .
1847: The Govt. of India through Bombay Govt . provides Sindh Commissioner important instructions and copies of circulers to be followed for smooth running of the Sindh administration. The number of circulars is more than fifty. Some of them are Service Code, Prohibition of forced labour (Chher), Illegality of importation of Slaves, Position of Jageedars etc.
1938: Sindh Provincial Muslim League Conference brought Sindh Muslim League leaders nearer to other leaders of the party. Today, All - India Muslim is requested by Sindh Muslim League to provide list alongwith postal addresses of brances for interaction and contacts.

Part 2

1947: Twenty three thousand Indian Muslims reach Pakistan.
1953: Pakistan Muslim League Parliamentary Party decides that the Head of the state of Pakistan will be a Muslim.
1983: Jamait -i- Islami holds very important talks with Zia.
1989: All Pakistan Newspapers Society calls upon four provincial Chief Ministers to protest newspaper offices, bureaus in the face of frequent attacks.
1990: Sixty - eight workers of Al - Zulfkar are blamed as terroirsts and arrested.
1992: PPP top brass has links with terrorist organisation Al - Zulfkar, Ministers tell National Assembly.
1993: Mian Tufail, former Chief and member of Jamait -i- Islami Shoora resigns due to differences with Kazi Hussain Ahmad.


23rd  October

1932: Hindu Maha Sabha agrees to include the issue of the separation of Sindh as an item of agenda of the Unity Conference. However, terms the decision of the Round Table Conference of accepting the principle of separation as exparte.
1938 : The meeting of the Anjuman Fida -i- Islam is held at Kambar with Moulana Mir Muhammad Naorangi in chair. The British policy towards Palestine is condemned and rejected. On this occasion Palestine Support Committees are formed for taluka and city.
1990: Jam Sadiq makes forward block in PPP.
1992: Army operation Clean - Up in Sindh to continue. Decision is taken in Islamabad.


24th  October

954: Ghulam Muhammad, the Governor - General, dissolves the Constituent Assembly. Muhammad Ali Bogra is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan, who is sworn in to head 8 - member cabinet.
1957: During a meeting with Malik Feroz Khan Noon, U.S Secretary of state, assures him that U.S.A would support Pakistan if it were ever attacked. (The assurance indicates the pressure for bringing changes in foreign policy with special reference to U.S.S.R and India)
1958: President Iskandar Mirza constitutes a 12 - man Central Cabinet with Ayub Khan as Prime Minister. Z.A.Bhutto is also included as the minister.
1996: Eleven policemen are arrested in Mir Murtaza Bhutto murder case.


25th  October

Part 1

1838: Colonel Pottenger informs his Govt. that Mir Noor Muhammad is trying to enter into alliance with Persia and Russia and he is avoiding to rely on British Govt. However, Mir Muhammad has refused to be a partner to such a measure. 
1847: The Collector of Shikarpur informs Sindh Govt. that all Bugti refugees have surender except Islam Khan and Dotal Moondrani Bugti, robber has been captured by Adujant Alam Khan.
1849: Major Jacob requests Commissioner that many men of the border force were suffering from fever and for the protection of the Northern Frontier, detachment of the Sindh Horse at present serving in Punjab should be ordered back to Upper Sindh.

Part 2

1922: A public meeting is held at village Gul Muhammad Tunio by the local branch of the Khilafat Committee. It is chaired by Moulvi Ghulam Hussain and addressed by Hafiz Abdullah.
1971: President Yahya sends his proposal to the U.N.O Secretary General for withdrawal of forces, appointment of neutral observers to minimize Indo - Pak tension.
1972: China accuses the Soviet Union of aggression to dismember Pakistan.
1989: Nawaz Sharif and Altaf Hussain pledge to unseat Benazir. Both address press conference in Karachi.
1990: Election results reveal that PDA is routed in Punjab, Sindh majority is cut down. Veterans Pir Pagaro, Wali Khan, Nawabzado Nasrullah and Asghar Khan lose. IJi gets 104 and PDA wins 45 seats in National Assembly.
2000: NAB unveils $ 1.5 billion assets of Benazir Bhutto and Asif Ali Zardari


26th  October

Part 1

1838: Captain Burns provides to Colonel Pottenger a copy of letter written by Mir Noor Muhammad to Mir Rustom khan exhibiting his faithlethness and disposition towards the British Govt. 
1849: Lord Bishop of Calcutta is made custodian of Churches and burial grounds and fees received for permission to errect Mural Tablets in churches is put on his disposal.
1853: Govt. decides that as per previous practice obtainable under Talpurs' Govt. Jageerdars shall be required to provide labour for repairs of roads. 
1940: Sir Shahnawaz is due to visit development work done by the District Local Board Larkana and for this purpose Rs.97 are sanctioned by the Board for expenditure.

Part 2

1968: Pakistan shows willingness to have a 'no - war pact ' with India provided it is accompanied by other pact defining the proceedure where by India and Pakistan can resolve problems that exist between two.
1974: Soviet Union agree to provide 228 million roubles for the Steel Mill to be established.
1989: PPP Minster Tariq Magsi quits to support opposition. All opposition MNAs sign 'no - trust' move against Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
1990: U.S terms election in Pakistan fair and sees no malpractices in it.
1996: Road Link between Islamabad and the rest of the country is cut of to foil Jamait -i- Islami's sit - in strike . President Laghari is also not happy with PPP Govt. that he is not being sent Cabinet decisions. Strike is observed through out country on the call of PML - led opposition against Benazir Govt.


27th  October

Part 1

1843: Charles Napier sending letter from Karachi apprises the Governor - General of the situation he faced in Sindh. He writes that '20,000 men under Mir Sher Muhammad were within a march of my camp. I had the magazines and hospital full of wounded men, to guard on the banks of the Indus. I had six sovereign princes in my camp, intriguing as hard as they could to arrange an attack upon my camp... I had an immense treasure to guard...Zenanas were about 800 powerful Balochees well armed.' 
1857: Sindh Commissioner informs all Heads of independent States of the fall of Delhi and relief of Lucknow by Generals Havelock and Outram that occured oe 20th and 25th October respectively.
1859: Sindh Commissioner prescribes procedure to be adopted in dealing with persons of Kelat territory committing offences within British territory.

Part 2

1958: Maj. Gen. Iskandar Mirza relinquishes his office of Presidentship and hands over all powers to Gen. Muhammad Ayub, who ruled country for more than a decade.
1959: Gen. Ayub becomes the Field Marshal and Promulgates the Basic Democracies Order providing the constitution of Basic Democratic Institution ranging fron the Union Council level to Provincial Development Advisory Councils.
1989: No -Confidence motion agains Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto is moved. Voting will be on November, 2. 
1996: Jamait -i- Islami sit -in effort is made to fizzle out in Islamabad aimed heavy teargassing and baton charges.
2000: Accountability Court issue non - bailable arrest warrants of Benazir Bhutto.


28TH  October

1933: Reforms office of the Govt. of India constitutes 'Sindh Administrative Enquiry Committee' so as to suggest administrative steps for Sindh after it will be a separate Province in 1936. H.Dow is its chairman, whereas H.B. Labrick is its Secretary. The committee consists of 7 members including K.B.Khuhro and Haji Abdullah Haroon.
1947: 98,0300 Indian Muslims arrive. It speaks of un - matched migration at large scale.
1958: Ayub promulgates the Presidential Cabinet Order, according to which the cabinet will have no Prime Minister and it would work directly under president.
1998: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif demands MQM handover persons allegedly involved in the assassination of Hakim Muhammad Saeed. IS IT NOT AMAZING THAT IN THIS COUNTRY PRIME MINISTERS CAN ONLY DEMAND AND NOT TO TAKE PROPER ACTION.


29th  October

Part 1

1838: Mir Rustam Khan is approached to enter into negotiations for a separate treaty from Hyderabad and similar to Bahawalpur.
1939: Camels of the East India Co. Govt . are snatched by Sarwar Khan Lohano from the Kafla near Shikarpur. Taqi Shah, the Governor of Shikarpur is approached for help and complaint is made with Talpur Govt. of Hyderabad.
1847: Brigadier Dundas is directed by the Govt. of Bombay that he is responsible for the protection of the country and has to avoid to interfere from civil adminstration of Sindh.
1922: Sindh League of Progress is formed in Karachi. Harchandrai Vishindas is elected as its President.

Part 2

1928: Sindh Khilafat Conference is held at Sukkur. It is a big political event attended by thousads of people.
1938: Very amazing request is made by Larkano District School Board. The Director of Public Instruction (Education) is requested not to conduct Committee (Final) Examination for three years, because Degree holders are asking for employment. 
1947: More 18500 Indian Muslim migrants reach today.
1955: In a meeting held at Karachi, it is decided to form 'Sindh Anti - One - Unit Front'. The meeting is attended by Zulfkar Ali Bhutto, G.M.Syed, Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi, Hyder Bux Jatoi, Kazi Faiz Muhammad, Abdul Hameed Jatoi, Ghulam Mustafa Bhurgri etc.
1999: Vital national objectives do not allow me to give time table for the return of democracy in the country, says Musharraf. !


30th  October


1838:Colonel Pottenger directs Captain Burns not to negotiate the treaty with Khairpur ruler, because keeping in mind great dnubts about Mir's sincerity with our government, a new treaty will be prepared and sent later on.
1848: Captain Remy is assigned task of carrying out work on the Trignnmetrical Survey of Sindh and the Bombay Govt. asks Sindh Commissioner to take care of him.
1875: E.M.H.Fulton, Educational Inspector of Sindh, notifies that the High School and Anglo - Vernacular School teachers drawing a monthly salary of less than Rs.50 shall pass an examination in Devanagri - Sindhi by May 1876.
1920: Sindh observes complete hartal on the call of the Sindh Khilafat Committee. Hindus and Muslims take equal part.


1947: 35,000 migrants arrive.
1989: Current move of No - Trust against Benazir is part of democratic process, says Chief of Army staff Gen. Aslam Beg.
1996: Four army officers convicted of coup attempt, are awarded various terms of rigorious imprisonment. They include Gen. Zaheerul Islam, Brig. Mustansir Billah, Col. M.Azad Mihnas & Col. Inayatullah.
1998: Governor's rule is imposed in Sindh, provincial govt. is dismissed for an indefinate period. Nawaz Sharif hopes that his will weed out terrorism.
2000: Sindh High Court upholds life sentence of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, and rejects death appeal by prosecution, dismisses deposed Prime Minister's appeal against conviction.


31st  October

Part 1

1835: Dr.Heddle has been assigned duty by his Govt. to negotiate with Sindh rulers in conection with survey of river Sindh.
1838: Mir Mubark Khan conveys warning to Captain Burns through his minister that his activities are found against the sovereign state and he must mind his business.
1916: The meeting of the District Local Board Larkano is held with C.M. Bekar, collector in chair. It is reveals that in Sindh, District Local Boards were most important forum and education, water supply and communication (roads & bridges) and health were their essential priorties. Meetings were held six monthly and were attended by all Dy.Collectors and Members without excuse. Elected and nominated members those attended today's meeting are: Shah Muhammad Lahori, Diwan Moolchand of Tayab, Dhani Bux Jatoi, Qaim Khan Shaikh, Bhojraj Paromal of Sehwan, Abdul Haq Bhutto, Dost Muhammad Thebo, Kazi M.Alam and seven others.

Part 2

1919: Sindh Sudeshi Sabha is established in Sindh. The Aims & Objects are to promote local industry, give boost to home economy and reincarate love for country.
1923: Sindh Khilafat Collected Rs.3,36,588 in 49 months. It provided Rs.35607 to Central Khilafat Committee, sent Rs. 210909 to Ghazi Kamal Pasha, and Rs.25000 to Samarna. Today its ballance is Rs.12703.
1928: Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto, president of the Sindh Muhammadan Association, presents Memorandam to the Bombay Governor, who is on Sindh visit. The steps for the betterment of Jageedars and separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency is requested.
1933: Hindu - Muslim Unity Conference is held at Hyderabad. Major issues are discussed.
1936: Yesterday, Sindh United Party was formed, but it ended with differences about nomination on key posts. Today, Sindh Muslim Political Party is formed by Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah and Muhammad Ayub Khuhro.

Part 3


1947: Gilgat province of Kashmir State revolts against the Dogra regime.
1975: Supreme Court unanimously upholds the dissolution of National Awami Party. It is not reconciled to the existence of Pakistan.
1990: PML names Nawaz Sharif as Prime Minister.
1994: Justice Rafiq Tarar of Supreme Court retires. Protests against some recent happenings in Judicary.

Good Wishes