1st July

1836: Colonel Pottenger inform Government of India that Ranjitsing has asked Sindh Rulers to restore Shikarpur to him and serious disput has occurred between Mir Naseer Khan of Hyderabad and Mir Ali Murad Khan of Mirpur. (Source: Colonel Pottenger’s letter No. 59).
1839: Lieutenant Carles, Commanding the Indus Flotia asks Ross Bell to preceed to Lower Sindh and collect on the way all information regarding location of fuel depots for use of Steam boats. He is also asked to make arrangements for conveyance of Dak (post) between Shikarpur and Dadhar, Dadhar and Quetta.(Source: Government of India’s letters).
1853: The new Sindhi alphabet is published. It has been deviced by Mr. Ellis- Revenue Assistant to the Commissioner-in Sindh in consultation with a committee of local people with equal number of Hindus and Muslims. The number of lettersis increased from 29 to 52 to meet the requirement of Sindhi sounds.(Source: Dr.Pathan’s Ph.D Thesis “Contribution of Karachi towards development of Sindhi Literature & Language’).
1928: In the meeting of Pro-Sindh Sepration Muslim leaders held at Karachi, arrangements are finalized regarding holding of ‘Sindh Muslim Political Conferences’ in various districts of Sindh so as create awareness about the importance of separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency.(Source: G.M.Syed’s book ‘Sindh ji Bombay khan azadi’)
1948: The Quaid-i-Azam inaugurates State Bank of Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1950: UrduCollege will be affiliated with Sindh and Punjab Universities, Government assures Moulvi Abdul Haq. (Source: Ibd).
1961: Karachi becomes 12th Division in West Pakistan. Districts of Lasbela are included in it. (Source: Ibd).


2nd July

1843: Charles Napier writes to the Secretary to Government of Bombay informing him that ‘the Sinhian population detest the Amirs (Ex-Rulers);the Hindu population rejoice in their overthrow; and Baloches are perfectly indifferent to their late Chiefs.(Mir) Sher Muhammad’s troops completely pulnderd him the other day, and then ran away,-‘ (Source: ‘Correspondence related to Sinde’).

1921: Aman Sabha is formed at Manjhand with Tejomal Khanchand as its president and Seth Tahilram-merchant & Municipal Councillor-as secretary. This Sabha arranged so many functions and public gatherings to make people realize that launching any movement, or participate in that movement is not in interests of people. (Source: The  Daily Gazette, Karachi).

1922: On the eve of 12th of Rabi-ul-Awal a public meeting is held by the local branch of Khilafat Committee of Dhoro Naro.Speakers in their speeches praised valuable political services rendered and sacrifices made by Din Muhammad Alig, Jamaluddin Bukhari, Moulana Taj Muhammad Nasrpuri and Moulvi Muhammad Musa of Kotri.(Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).

1949: Chowdri Khaliq-u-Zaman blames Moulvi Fazul Haq of Bengal that he is working against the interests of Muslim League. This may kindly be noted that Moulvi Fazul Haq played a vital role in proposing ‘Pakistan Resolution’ in the Annual Session of the All-India Muslim League, in 1940. (Source: Newspapers).

1950: Hari Tahrik creates history. It is decided that on next day procession will be taken out before the Sindh Assembly and Memorandum will be presented to MPAs. On second day Hari Tahrik did it and next day ‘Tenancy Bill’ is adopted by the Sindh Assembly. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Hari Party’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

1951: Sindh Government withdraws ban on political activities of Pir Illahi bux. This may be noted that he was disquallfied for six years by the Election Tribunal in 1949. (Source: Newspapers).

1959: Services of 739 First Class and Second Class officers are terminated. (Source: Ibid).

1972: Sindhi Type-writer is made available in market for sale. (Source:Ibid).


3rd July

1844: Lieutenant Colonel Outram writes to Major General William Napeir criticising Sir Charles Napier’s Sindh policy and undue actions taken soon after conquest of the country. Later on this letters was published by press and integrity of Sir Chales Napier stood questioned.(Source: Governor-General’s letter No.514).
1856: Political Superintendent, Upper Sindh Frontier (Jacobabad) informs the Sindh Commissioner that hostilities are reported between Murres and Bugtis and Nathanee branch of Bugtis is in trouble.(Source: Letter No.229)
1857: Government of Bombay asks Sindh Commissioner to offer his comments on three projects to be launched very soon. The projects are: (a) The means of transport between Ghizri Bunder and the Harbour of Karachi, (b) The means of water transport between Indus and Keamari and (c) The means of supplying drinking water to Karachi and its environs. (Source: Sindh Commissioner’s letter No.183).
1949: Muslim League leaders demand Ch.Khalq-u-Zaman to resign as president of the Muslim League. (Source: Newspapers).
1952: The work starts on Kashmore-Jacobabad Railway Project. (Source: Newspapers).
1958: Now One-Unit is becoming matter of anxiety for Punjab leaders. Prime Minister Malik Feroz Khan Noon says that this scheme needs to be reviewed and suggests that changes in its administrative setup must be brought. (Source: Newspapers).
1964: Raj Gopal Acharya proposes that Kashmir administration should be handed over to U.N.O for supervision, till the dispute is resolved between India and Pakistan. (Source: The Hindutan Times)
1967: Kazi Fazlullah joins West Pakistan ministry.(Source: An interview with Kazi Fazlullah by Dr.Pathan).
1972: National Assembly to approve Simla Agreement. It is our great and historic achievement, says Z.A.Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1977: PNA rejects ammendment suggested by the Government and insists on acceptance of its new demands and proposal. (Source: Ibd)


4th July

1916: It is reported from a French source that the firm of Pohomal & Brothers, with branches in Aligiers, Ceuta, Melilla and Tenerif is suspected of assisting in distribution of German Oriental propagana literatur.(Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Workis’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1926: Meeting of Calcutta Hindus protests against the Government Communiqui of ‘No Music Before Mosque;. J.N.Basu, the President, dwelt on the legal aspect of the question. Goswami characterised the action as a ‘pig-headed and perverse’. (Source: Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1926)
1939: Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, Premier of Punjab, speaking at a luncheon party in Bombay, stressed on need for drawing up an alternative scheme of Federation to one adumbrated in the Government of India Act. Present one permits intereference in provinces/state by Centre, he says. (Source: Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1939).
1941: The Conference of Hindu leaders which is held in Benares,considers the riots situation in India, and comes to the conclusion that Hindus should organize voiunteer defence associations in their wards, or grups of villages. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya addresses the Conference, and among others Dr.Shyama Mukherji, Master Tara Sing and Dr.B.S.Moonji are present. (Source: Indian Annual Register, Voll-11,1946).
1950: Pakistan will cursh Communists with iron hand, says Liaquat Ali Khan, the Prime Minister of Pakistan, in London (Source: Newspapers).
1962: Ladies stage protest infront of the President House against withdrawal of Family Law Act. (Source: Ibd).
1972: Sindhi is declared as the provincial language of Sindh (Sourse: Newspapers). 1977: I am ready to sign PNA-PPP agreement today, says Z.A.Bhutto, the Prime Minister of Pakiistan. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


5th July

1851: Sindh Commissioner writes to the Government of Bombay apprising of the Batai System in Sindh. (Source: Sindh Commissioner’s letter No.1293).
1927: Punjab Muslim League adopts resolution condemning the judgment of Mr.Justice Dalip Sing in the case in which writer had attacked founder of Islam. The judgment was in favour of writer. This book was later on translated and published by Nathoram in Sindh and translator was killed in the court bu Ghazi Abdul Qayoom. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Voll-11,1927 and Newspapers).
1929: Congress Working Committee at its meeting held at New Delhi records it opinionthat all members of the legislatures should resign their seats. (The Indian Annual Register, Voll-11,1929).
1948: Khan Ghani son of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Khan Abdullah son of Dr.Khan and Master Abdul Karim are arrested under Section 40 of the NWFP Criminal law. (Source: Newspapers).
1954: The Communist Party is declared unlawful by all provincial governments of Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers).
1961: U.K supports Pakistan on Pakhtonistan issue, where as Afghanistan intends to support Pakhtonistan. (Source: Ibd).
1973: American military aid to Pakistan is important to maintain balance of power in the region, says Z.A.Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1976: EngineeringCollege and CadetCollege is announced for Balochistan (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Zia-ul-Haq imposes Martial Law, assemblies are dissolved and leading leaders from PNA and PPP including Z.A.Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan are arrested.(Source: Newspapers).


6th July

1843:E.J.Brown, Commissioner in Sindh, under the instructions of Sir Charles Napeir sends a petition from ex-Ruler Mir Sobdar Khan to the Secretary to the Governor of Bombay and invites his attention that ex-rulers are using abusive language in their petitions. (Source: ‘Correspondence related to Sinde’.) 
1927: Announcement of Judgment in favour of anti-Rasool Arabi has created resentment in Pujabi Muslims. They violated Section 144 and brought out prossesion. Handsome number of them is arrested. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Voll-11, 1927).
1938: The question whether Bengalis should be compelled to learn Hindustani (Urdu) is discussed at a meeting of the Corporation of Calcutta, when several Councillors protested against any such move and suggest that those who come Bengal to live or conduct business should learn the language of the province.(Source: The Indian Annual Register, Voll-11, 1938).
1941: K.B. Allah Bux Soomre, Premier of Sindh, in an interview at Lahore, while appealing for communal unity says that ‘any gesture from the British Government towards indian aspirations would be in the interest of Britain herself at this stage’. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Voll-11, 1941)
1948: Pir Illahi Bux is nominated to discuss the matters relating to handing over administration of Karachi to the centre. (source: Newspapers).
1956: Pakistan Government orders a survey of property-less Indian Muslim Migrants so as they can be provided helping hand by virtue of alloting of property. (Source: Ibd).
1961: Z.A.Bhutto is appointed as an Acting Foreign Minister of Pakistan (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1972: Agitation by Urdu-speaking people starts in Karachi and Hyderabad. The Government and leaders of Urdu-speaking segment of our society seems to be determined to divide old and new sindhis. Rais Amrohvi’s couplet in Daily Jang puts feul on fire. (Source: Newspapers)
1977: Democracy will be restored with in 90 days, Zia assures nation. Justice Abdul Qadir is appointed as the Governor of Sindh. (Source: Newspapers).


7th July

1858: Allah Rakhio and 24 others are killed by Umed Ali Chhuto and his commrades. Captain of Sindh police is directed by the Commissiner to ensure that they are captured. (Source: Sindh Commissioner’s letter No. 1429).
1910: The lodge of the Theosophical Society is chartered in Khairpur Mirs. Sardar Natha Sing becomes its founder president. (Source: The Report of the Theosophical Society )
1918: His Majisty’s Minister at Panama, notifies that departure of on Parmanand Shewaram (Sindhi Hindu) from Colon to Cadiz on a Spanish steamer and discribes him as VERY ANTI-BRITISH. It was reported that on arrival at Cadiz the man was seen to hand over some documents to the German Consul there. (Source: ‘Sour-Material on Sindhworkis’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1922: The services of the Newspaper of Sukkur, ‘Sindh Zamindar’ are lauded in the meetinh of Kazi Ahmad Aman Sabha. It is said that like Sindh Zamindar we must be voice of the Government and work effectively in combating Non-Co-Operation Movement. Diwan Teckchand Gurmukhdas and Sanwaldas are the leaders of local Aman Sabha. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi). 
1924: Bengal sets new example. Governor , on behalf of the Crown had dissolved Bengal Council. It was challended in court by ministers. Today, the court grants injuction and it is declared in the judgment that Bengal Council shall stand prorogued. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Voll-11,1924)
1925: How to launch movement? Akalis set trend. Since last year they started their struggle for acceptance of political, social and religious demands. They sent Jatha (Group of volunteers) of 25 to Jaito, daily to participate in movement and prove their unity in streets and every where. Today, Gurdwara Bill is passed by the Punjab Council and prisoner Akalis are released. Hence agitation is withdrawn by Akalis. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1925).
1928: Shaikh Dr.Muhammad Alam presides over the Sindh Muslim Political Conference in Karachi. It is result of joint efforts of Sindhi Muslim Upper Class to introduce the issue of separation of Sindh at all India level. For this purpose president of Some Conferences were also brought from out side. This event was followed by four Azad Conferences, and they were held on 18th April, 1932 at Karachi; 15th November, 1932 at Hyderabad; 26th April, 1934 at Sukkur and 28th July, 1934 at Karachi. (Source: The India Annual Register, Vol-11, 1928/G.M.Syed’s book “Sindh Ji Bombay Khan Azadi’ and Gul Hayat Collection on the topic).
1938: Monin Jamiat is formed at Bihar. In its Conference, the resolution is passed condemning the Muslim League as trying to deprive the people of their rightful place and asserting that the Muslim League did not present them. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1938). 
1943: An Appeal issued by G.M.Syed, the President of Sindh Muslim League is carried out by press. Sindhi Muslims are asked to observe ‘Local industry & trade promoting Day’ be observed on 16th of July. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1950: No any Muhajir has been sent to jail. It is propaganda to bring bad name to the Sindh Government, says Kazi Fazlullah, Chief Minister, Sindh. (Source: An interview with Kazi Sahib, by Dr.Pathan)
1956: Red Shirt Party is declared unlawful in West Pakistan. (Source: Notification of the Government of West Pakistan).
1977: Official Notification regarding the removal of Prime Minister and ministers from their position is issued. (Source: Newspapers).


8th July

1839: A. Gibbson is appointed as Assistant Surgeon in charge of medical duties of Political Agency in Upper Sindh. 
1921: The first session of the All-India Khilafat Conference starts at Karachi. It is presided over by Moulana Muhammad Ali Johar. The soil of Sindh is selected for the event that proved to be truining point in the politics of united India. The Conference lasted for three days. (Source: Newspapers).
1938: A public meeting is held by local branch of Muslim League at Village Mahboob Tunio and it is presided over by Rais Mian Karim Bux, who is the President of the branch. Speakers deplore the Government policy regarding Muslim League and Palstine. They also advised JUI,Sindh leadership to resolve issue of their differences in the greater interests of party and its politics. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Muslim League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1940: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, the Frontier Congress leader, tenders his resignation of membership of the Congress Working Committee before his departure from New Delhi for Peshawar. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, vol-11,1940).
1945: Jairamdas Doulatram presides over Conference of Congress-men in Bombay. The claim of Muslim League to represent the Muslims of India remained the subject of conference. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1945).
1948: Lord Mount Batten was not made Gover-General of Pakistan. Therefore he created condition of mass migration and killing of thousands of people, says Ghulam Muhammad, Finance Minister of Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1949: The process of selling important property and Units starts in Pakistan. The East India Tramway Company is to be sold. The matter is discussed in Karachi. (Source: Newspapers)
1971: Keeping in view the political crisis in East Pakistan and Government’s policy regarding resolving the issue, West Germany stops its economic aid to Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1972: Karachi witnesses terrible riots in reaction against Sindhi Language Bill. Army is called to help civilian administration.12 are killed and 150 injured in Karachi and Hyderabad. Z.A.Bhutto invites representatives of Sindhi and Urdu speaking people to discuss the Language Bill. (Source: Newspapers).


9th July

1940: M.A.Jinnah commenting of the Congress Working Committee resolution passed at Delhi regarding National Government, says that Muslim League now firmly stands convinced that the only solution is division of India as laid down by the Muslim League at Lahore. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Voi-11,1940).
1946: Sindhi Circle is formed by teachers and taughts of D.J.Sindh college Karachi with Aims & Objects to promote Sindhi literature and language. Regular literary sittings are arranged for this purpose also. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1946: G.M.Syed, leader of opposition in Sindh Legislative Assembly addresses a communication to the Viceroy, requesting him to call upon the Premier Sindh Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah to tender his resignation as he had forfeited the confidence of the majority. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1946)
1947: Sir Cyril Radcliffe takes office as chairman of the two Boundary Commissions of Punjab and Bengal. (Source: Various books on the history of Pakistan).
1948: Pakistan’s first postal stamp is made available for sale. This may be kept in mind that it was 1853, when first ever postal stamp was introduced and issued in Sindh, and even in India. It was known as ‘Sinde Dock Ticket’.(Source:Dr.Pathan’s Ph.D thesis and Azimussan’s book ‘History of Karachi’).
1950: It is raining at Khokhrapar and Indian Muslim refugees are facing odd hours there.NGOs and Individuals from Sindh are reaching there to provide food and cloth to rain-affected. (Source: Newspapers) 
1972: Two persons are killed on 3rd day of the language agitation.Army is called out and curfew is imposed in Hyderabad and in some areas of Karachi. Federal cabinet discusses Sindh situation. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Ban is imposed on Trade Union activities and weapon licences are withdrawn. Martial Law Authorities promulgates new Ordinance. (Source: Ordinance).


10th July

1850: Brigadier-General Commanding Sindh Division sends plan description of the limits of the Larkana Cantoment to the Sindh Commisioner for approval (Source: Letter No.789).
1921: Aman Sabhas are established at Belo, Taluka Sujawal and Ghadhro with the following office-bearers: BELO:Syed Sidik Shah (President), Seth Dhamoomal (Vice President), Seth Manghanmal, Shewakram; Seth Daryadinomal; Seth Assanmal Mithomal;Seth Rejhomal Tickamdas;Rejhomal Fakirmal ans other eleven Muslim members. GHADAHRO: Vinijraj Rawatsing, Sodho (President), Mukhi Mathradas (Vice President); Ramchand Karar; Mahraj Jeevraj Brahman; Mukhi Seth Chunilal Karar; Pargomal Karar; Seth Jag Rupchand; Seth Tejomal Gopaldas; Seth Bulchand; Seth Harchandmal; Seth Harchand; Seth Gulmal; Rawto Mangho Khatri;Chamoon Mooro Charan; Mahraj Khushhaldas; Seth Teckchand; Seth Kanji Tulsidas and Chuganlal Brahma. During British period Aman Sabha were started to minimize the influence of Khilafat Tahrik and make the people more loyal to the Government. (Dource: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1932: The Council of the All-India National Liberal Federation passes resolution protesting emphatically agaist the abandonment of the Round Table Conference contrary to the pledges given by British Government. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1932).
1939: Meetings are held in some cities of Sindh to protest against All-India Congress Committee decision on State Satyagraha/Non-Co-Operation and relation between Congress Ministries and Provincial Congress Committees. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1939).
1946: Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan, General Secretary of the All-India-Muslim League, in a press interview declared that it would be ‘suicidal’ for the Muslims to enter the Constituent Assembly at present. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1946).This may kept in mind that he became Finance Minster of united India later on.
1947: British Prime Minister Clement Attlee recommends M.A.Jinnah as the first Governor-General of Pakistan (Source: Quaid-i-Azam Papers).
1950: Saadat Hussain Minto is released. (Source: Newspapers).1958: Allama Mashriqi, main accused in the murder case of Dr.Khan Sahib’s murder refutes allegations in the court. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Khaksar Tahrik’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1963: Military aid to India, announced by U.S.A has created doubts, says Z.A.Bhutto, Foreign Minister of Pakistan (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1977: Political activities are declared unlawful. Who so ever will be found involved, will be sentenced to 5 years imprisonment. Martial Law order is issued. (Source: Newspapers).
1972: Language riots disturb Karachi peace. Curfew is imposed in affected areas. Press-censorship on the press reporting of language agitation is ordered by the Sindh Government. Z.A. Bhutto announces 4-member Committee on th issue.(Source: Newspapers). Sindh history to record anunbelieveable act the the bill passed in Assembly will be challenged, even rejected in streets. The decision taken without political will & strategy and not taking Urdu-speaking leadership into cofidence before tabling the bill, and misuse of street power paves way for division of hearts in Sindh.
1978: Mian Abbas admits his role in the conspiracy to kill Muhammad Ahmad Khan. Stage is being set to hang elected Prime Minister of Pakistan who did a lot for Pakistan. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


11th July

1842: His Highness Mir Naseer Khan Talpur writes to Major Outram informing him and making complain that the fort of Rojhan, 26 miles from Shikarpur and 10 miles from Khangarah has been occupied by people of Naseer Khan of Kalat.
1908: Diwan Dayaram Gidumal Shahani establishes ‘Seva Sadhan Sabha’ in Bombay with Aims & Objects to provide social services, social protection, education to women-folk and train lady social workers.Later on branches of NGO are also started inSyeat, Poona and Ahmadabad. (Source: ‘Biography of Raj Rashi Diwan Dayaram Gidumal’, by Shewaram Pherwani).
1920: Four ‘Special trains’ in the history of Sindh have a unique reference. First train was booked by Sindh Congress for Punjab so as to participate in the Congress Sesion and provide financial & moral support to families those were affected during the tragedy of Jalyanwala bagh. In 1938 on the eve of Sindh Provicial Muslim League Conference the Special train was hired for Quaid-i-Azam for Karachi from Hyderabad. When Soorihb Badshah Pir Pagaro was released from jail, he also reached Sindh in Special train.During Hijrat Tahrik, Jan Muhammad Junijo booked special train Khilafatis. The Special train carrying Sindhi migrants on way to Peshawar reached at Multan today. 
1950: Fatima Jinnah regrets to Hilal-i-Ahmar Pakistan (Source: Newspaper).
1959: Pak-American trade agreement are signed. Trade Minister of Pakistan, Z.A.Bhutto indicates more trade agreements with other countries.(Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1969: Ex-Director of Pakistan Institute for Islamic Research Fazul-ul-Raman’s book on Islam is banned. (Source: Newspapers).
1972: Language riots affect Thatta also, section 144 is imposed for three months. (Source:Ibd).
1975: Punjab Chief Minster resigns. He is one of founder members of PPP and edited weekly ‘Nusrat’, Lahore in early days of the party. (Source: Newspapers).


12th July

1836: Colonel Pottenger writes to the Government of India informing that Mir Noor Muhammad Khan accomanied by five camel loads of mangoes has sent to him as gesture of Goodwill and friendship. (Source: Pottenger’s letter No.62).
1903: L.G.Mountford, The Collector of the District Larkano writes to the Sindh Commissioner updating him about efforts regarding preservation of archival material at Larkano. He writes that in July 1901 the official record was shifted from Sukkur and Karachi to this newly established District. Head Munshi of the Collector is custodian of record in Sindhi language, whereas record in English is being kept under custody of Head Clerk.The correspondence on ‘Indus Valley State Railway’ has been kept in the office of the Assistant Collector of Larkano. (Source: Larkana Collector’s office letter No.3918). During tenure of Iqbal Bablani and Dr.Badar Ujan as D.C of Larkano District, Gul Hayat Institute approached District Administration to establish ‘LARKANA ARCHIVES’ there. 
1925: Delhi Hindu Sabha protests against Bengal Government’s decision regarding music before Mosque. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1925).
1926: Sindh Journalists’ Conference is held at Karachi and a Journalists’ Society is formed. It is first initiate to unite journalists of Sindh for taking care about press and freedom of expression. (Source: The Sindh Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1927: Moulana Muhammad Ali Johar in series of articles dislikes the Muslim agitation in Punjab demanding Justice Dalip Sing’s resignation. The judgment of the Justice Dalip Sing was taken as partial decision in case of writer who attacked Muhammad (PBUH) in his book. (Source: Newspapers).
1930: Sindh Hari Conference is held at Mirpurkhas under the presidency of Jamshed Mehta. (Source: M.Phil thesis on ‘Hari Tahrik’, by Solangi). It is attended by eminent politicians belonging to class of Pirs and Landlords.They seems to be worried about sorrows and longings of the peasants of Sindh, but inner story is to take care of their own interests during the disposal of barrage land.
1949: Khowaja Shahab-u-ddin, federal minister for Home & Information asks Sindh Press to plat it role in bringing Sindhis and Mohajirs near to each other. (Source: Newspapers).
1952: Khowaja Naziu-u-ddin, Prime Minister of Pakistan assures the status of High court for Sindh Chief Court. (Source: ibd).
1955: Home Minister, Major-General Iskandar Mirza announces lifting of ban on political activities of Khan Abdul Ghafar Khan. (Source:’Source-Material on ANP’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1957: Pakistan mourns death of Sir Agha Khan. Meanwhile Prince Karim takes over as the spiritual leader of the Khowaja community. (Source: Newspapers)
1960: Agha Ghulam Nabi Khan Pathan and Kazi Muhammad Akbar are disqualified for taking part in politics for six years. (Source: ibd).
1963: Abdul Baqi Baloch files petition in Lahore High court that the Pakistan Government be asked not to handover 3000 sq.miles of Balochistan to Iran.(Source: ibd).


13th July

1844: The Governor-General of India disposed to sanction as an experimental measures the establishment of dispensaries at Sukkur, Shikarpur, Hyderabad and at Karachi and asks for submission of a specific proposition, the plan and cost of the buildings and the expense for establishment that would be required for the purpose. (Source: Letter No.359).
1945: Sir Hugh Dow, Governor of Sindh addresses general meeting of the Sindh Scout’s Association.This be kept in mind that Sindh Scout’s Association was most active Association of Sindh during the British era. It was established much before 1900 and a Journal in Sindhi & English ‘Scout’ was also published for years. In April 1939, Sea Scout Group Council was also formed with efforts of Rai Sahib Gokaldas Ahuja. (Source: Dr.Pathan’s Ph.D Thesis and Bheromal Advani’s book Sindh Ji Hindu Ji Tarekh).
1950: Liaquat Ali Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan refuse to answer to the question of a journalist that Pakistan will send troops to Korea as desired by U.S.A. (Source: Newspapers).
1951: In recent election Punjab Muslim League members worked agaist candidates of the party. 474 involved members are expelled from the party. (Source: ibd).
1952: Acting General Secretary of the Communist Party of Pakistan is released from Lahore Jail. He was arrested last year in July under Pakistan Safety Act. (Source: ibd).
1960: Khuhro and Nawab Akbar Bugti are disqualified for taking part in politics. (Source: ibd).
1962: I was asked and advised by U.S.A for taking extra-constitutional step, admits ex-President Iskandar Mirza. (ibd).
1965: U.S.A is bent upon to postpone the World Bank Consortium, but Pakistan will, in no case subject itself to economic or political domination from any Great Power, says Z.A.Bhutto, Foreign Minister of Pakistan. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1966: The full bench of the West Pakistan High Court dismisses writ petition of 22 opposition leaders detained under defence of Pakistan Rule. (Source: ibd).
1972: Language issue in Sindh has political motives behind it, says Hafiz Pirzado, Education Minister of Pakistan. (Source: ibd).


14th July

1909: Brahamu Samaj Mandil celebrates Sadhu Hiranand Memorial Day at Khalikdina Hall. Seth Harchandrai is in chair. Prof. S.C.Shahani and Prof.T.L.Wasvani pay homage to the founder of Brahma Samaj, Social reformer, founder of N.H.Academy of Hyderabad- Sadhu Hiranand. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1920: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi carries the report about departure of Special Train booked by Jan Muhammad Junijo and other for Sindhi migrants. It is told that more than 50000 people were present at Larkana Railway station on this occasion. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1924: Chaudhri Lal, minister of Punjab is unseated for procuring votes by false personation. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1924).
1930: In a meeting of Hindus and Muslims of Kambar taluka, Non-Cooperation Movement launched by Khilafat & Congress is condemned at length and it is resoled to ask Government to take proper steps for separating Sindh from Bombay Presidency. Mukhi Gobindram- the Mukhi of 74 Hindu Panchayats takes active part. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1940: The important meeting of the Working Committee of the Sindh Muslim League held at Karachi with Haji Abdullah Haroon in chair resolve to hold Sindh Provincial Muslim League Conference at Larkana and Sir Sikandar Hayat, Premier of Punjab be requested to preside. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Muslim League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute)
1942: The All-India Congress Committee passes ‘Quit-India Resolution’.
1945: The official announcement of the failure of the leaders conference is made by Lord Wavell when the conference resumed its sitting at Simla for the last time.”On final examination and analysis of the Wavell Plan we found that it was a snare. There was the contribution of Gandhi Hindu Congress, who stand for Indian’s Hindu National independence as one India”, says M.A.Jinnah. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1945).
1955: Muslim League adopts resolution ‘One-Unit’ resolution. (Source: Newspapers).
1972: Larkano witnesses ugly language riots. Curfew is imposed. (Source: ibd)
1977: Civil war had knocked doors of our society , my action was timely and it will pave way for restoration of peace in the country, says Zia in its first Press Conference. (Source: Newspapers).


15th July

1921: The Karachi Congress Committee appeals to the Business community of Sindh not to import more foreign-made cloth. (Source: “Source-Material on Sindh Congress’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1924: Delhi, Nagpur and other cities of India witnesses Hindu-Muslim riots on the eve of Bari Eid. Muslims are blamed for slaughtering Cows. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1924).
1940: In the Punjab Legislative Assembly, the first secret Session in the history of Indian Legislatures commenced when the Assembly by 91 to 48 accepted the motion of Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan , Premier that proceedings of the day be held in camera. ( Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-!1, 1940).
1947: Indian Independence Bill is passed by the House of Lords.(Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1947),
1950: Jamait-i-Islami opts fpr politics.Moulana Moodudi announces 14-point Menifesto of the Party that is going to contest polls. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Jamait-I Islami’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1957: Dr.Khan Sahib resigns as the Chief Minister of the West Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1963: U.S.A has started supporting separationists in East Pakistan,. Reports are appearing in the press. (Source: Newspapers).
1969: Makhdoom Muhammad Zaman Talib-ul-Moula joins PPP. (Source: Newspapers).
1971: Pakistan has played a praise-worthy role in bringing U.S.A and China near to each other, says U.S President Nixon. (Source: ibd).


16th July

1857: The Commissioner Sindh asks Superindending Surgeon in Sindh to examine the place named ‘Lakhan’ on western side of ‘Hubb’ River about 60 miles from Karachi and report it fitness as a sanitarium. This may kindly be noted that Dr.Hunter submitted his report that the hill did not possess any of requisities to render it for a sanitarium. (Source: Letter No. 1115 from the Commissioner).
1901: Under section 7 of the Bombay Revenue Code, Notification is issued for creation of the Larkano District. It is signed by J.V.P. Muir Mackenzie, Chief Secretary to the Government of Bombay. (Source: Bombay Government’s Notification Number 4942 & 4942 A).
1919: The event of victory by Allies makes so many people in India. Pandit Panchandas Shiwala of Larkano and Peromal Landlord of Shahdadpur share their happiness with the Government and send message of congratulation to the Government of Bombay. (Source: The Sindh Offical Gazette).
1921: The Hyderabad District Congress Committee invites applications from desrving students of the District for three scholarship of Rs.15/ each for getting education in AligarahUniversity and Gujrat Vidya Pith. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Congress’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1943: ‘Trade Day’ is observed by Sindh on the call of Sindh Muslim League. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Muslim League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1946: Sindh Minister for PWD, Muhammad Ayub Khuhro delivers his lecture on the topic of ‘Sindh Ploitics’ in D.J.Sindh college. The program is chaired by Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi, ex-Finance Minster of Sindh. (Source: Newspapers).


17th July

1854: First ever Annual Report of the KarachiMunicipality is made public. It reveals that last year the annual income of the Municipality was Rs.13514 and the Development works included digging of new Wells, Water supply to Bunder Road area, construction of a school building and purchase of a plot for Hospital etc (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1909: Harchandrai Vishindas, the president of Sindh Hindu Sabha sends telegram to the Viceroy of India prtesting against demand of Sindh Muslims regarding representation in reformed Legislative Councils. He writes that the demand of Muslims is causing deep resentment among other communities. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi)
1920: Munshi Allah Bux, Moulvi Muhammad Azim; Qazi Azizullah; Wadero Muhammad Amin and Haji Ghulam Muhammad Hakro , all belonging to Buthi village were suppose to appear in person before Deputy Collector of Ratodero for explaining their position regarding advocating Non-Co-Operation, but they remained absent on plea that they were not bound to obey orders of the Government that is anti-Islam and anti-people. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1928: The eminent leaders of Hindu and Muslim communities and other minorities of Sindh enter into a ‘Communal understading and Pact’ agreeing to the separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency. (Source: The Daily Gazette,Karachi).
1932: The Prime Minister’s award regarding communal representation in Indian Provincial councils is announced simultaneously in England and India. It proposes separate electorate. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1932).
1934: A public meeting is held at village Hasul of taluka Kamber after Sun set. Moulvi Muhammad Ibrahim Buthvi and Moulvi Abdul Karim Buthvi advised people to vote for Haji Abdullah Haroon and Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi candidates for Bombay Legislative Council. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1948: KalatState National Party formed in 1930 is declared unlawful. (Source: Newspapers).
1955: Khan Abdul Ghafar Khan launches anti-One-Unit movement. (Source: ibd).
1976: 159 Jining factories, 35 Flour mills;675 Rice mills of Sindh are nationalized. (Source: Newspapers).
1993: President Ishaq and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif agree to step down from their offices. (Source: ibd)


18th July

1914: Hindus are serious in reconstrution of their society by virtue of forming NGOs of their own. Today, ‘Shri Barhma Khastri Sahitya Mandli’ is established in Karachi. Seth Naraindas Variram Chatpar, Dr.Narsidas Pitambardas Sodho; Jamnadas Vilabhdas Sadani; Rochiram Gangaram Sadani; Maniklal Maghomal Jethmilani and Pahlajrai Haromal are its founder members. This may kindly be noted that Rochiram Sadani was an outstanding writer and it was his initiate to form NGO of this type. (Source: Annual Report of the Mandli).
1926: All-India Cow Conference is held in Calcutta in which Government is urged to regulate salaughter og cattle by legislation. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1926).
1931: The Bengal Provincial Hindu Conference held at Burdwan under presidency of Mahraj Srish Chandra Nundy of Kasimabad passes the resolution on the issue of separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency. The text of the resolution is :’ The question is utter disregard of determined opposition of the Hindus of Sindh who will have to bear a large proportion of the inevitable increased taxation in relation to their population, as compared with Moslems of Sindh’.(Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1932: Prof. J.S.Kriplani of Sindh and Director of the Gandhi Ashram is sentenced to six months’ imprisonment under Section 17 (A) of the Criminal Law Amendment Act. He will be placed in ‘A’ class. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1932).
1935: The Daily Al-Wahid of Karachi in the course of its editorial criticizes G.M.Syed and other leaders for not taking interest in enrolment of peasants as qualified voters. The editorial blames that leaders of upper class formed HARI COMMITTEE a few years ago for protection of their own interests, where as they have nothing to do with welfare of working class. It is time to create vote-bank of this lower class, but our leaders are now avoiding and depriving lower class of their Right of vote. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1936: Indian States Peoples’ Conference is held at Karachi and attitude of subjects of States was discussed and defiend. (Source: The Indian Annual Register,Vol-11,1936)
1939: Sj. Subash Chandra Bose deploring the policy of Congress says that ‘ a wave of intolerance is now sweeping over higher ranks of Congress leadership. The slightest criticism of any action of their throws them into a rage and the whole machinery of propaganda in their hands is at once put in operation. In this way the ordinary Congressman is terrorized into silence’. (Source; The Indian Register, Vol-11,1939).
1947: First Special train reaches Karachi. It is beginning of the greatest migration of Indian Muslims to Sindh and wave continued after reaching of Biharis in 1972 and onward. (Source: Newspapers).
1948: By virtue of promulgation of an ordinance, clause 92 A is added in the interim Constitution of Pakistan that empowers Governor-General to dissolve any provincial government.(Source: Newspapers). This may kindly be noted that very drastic decisions are taken when Quaid-i-Azam is in Ziyarat and health is in serious condition.
1955: Government of Pakistan files a petition praying for special leave to appeal against the judgment of a Full Bench of Lahore High court in the habes corpus petitions filed on behalf of ex-Major General Akbar Khan and other Rawalpindi Conpiracy Case prisoners including Faiz Ahmad Faiz. (Source: Newspapers).
1993: Entire political setup in the Pakistan is changed. Assemblies are dissolved.President Ishaq and Prime Minister Nawaz quit their offices. World Bank Vice President Moeen Qureshi is sworn in as care taker Prime Minister. National Assembly polls will be on 6th of October and Provincial Assemblies polls are due on 9th October.(Source: ibd)


19th July

1909: Mr.Wright, Educational Inspector of Sindh presides over Conference in N.J.V.HighSchool at Karachi in which Course Outline for Anglo-Vernacular schools was discussed. The Conference is also attended by the principals of N.H.Academy of Hyderabad and Nau Vidyala of Hyderabad including Head Masters of A.V. schools. (Source: The Daily Sindh Gazette, Karachi) 
1910: The Sindh Commissioner directs to the District Local Board Larkano to open Dispensaries at Dadu, Bubak and Warah (Source: Commissioner’s letter No 1416).
1920: First Karwan of Sindhi migrants reaches Jalalabad. They migrated on the call of Khilafat Committee and in protest against Government’s anti-Turkey and anti-Islam policy. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1921: Aman Sabha is formed at Ladyoon and our upper class of the area is in fron row of the Sabha. Khair Muhammad Chandio (President), Metharam Ajit Sing (Vice Presidnt), Varomal Parmanand (Secretary) and Bulchand Bhupatrai (Treasurer) are elected as office-bearers.There is lengthy list of members of the Working Committee.(Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi). Aman Sabha will guide people to be faithful, loyal and sincere subjects of the Government and remain away from freedom fighters.
1936: The Socialist Conference is held at Karachi and attended by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. In this conference the attitude of the Socialists towards Congress is explained and Congress is advised to include socialism in its program )Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1936).
1950: We want to make Pakistan a America of East, says Liaquat Ali Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1958: General elections are postponed till February 1959. (Source: Official Announcement).
1969: Shaikh Mujeeb was not author of 6-points, but it was assignment for him designed by Government officer, says Chowdhri Muhammad Ali in an interview. (Source:The Chittan, journal).


20th July

1849: The Sindh Commissioner request the Bombay Government to supply copy of rules and practice on the subject of marrying, baptizing and burying Christian members of civil establishment. (Source: Commissioner’s letter No.1523).
1920: The Al-Wahid, Karachi, in the course of its editorial advocates ‘Non-Co-Operation Movement’ and advises people to join hands with Khilafat Tahrik. The editor of this Newspaper on contributing this earned imprisonment. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid,Karachi).
1932: On behalf of the Sindh Azad Jamait, Muhammad Ayub Khuhro presents Memorandum to the Joint Parliamentary Committee in London requesting for separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid).
1947: NWFP decides by vote to join Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers)
1954; The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan resolves to make Karachi as permanent Capital of Pakistan (Source: ibd).
1973: It is very difficult to work with Z.A.Bhutto. Balochistan has been badly victimized in his tenure, says Attaullah Khan Mengal. (Source: Newspapers).


21st July

1920: A big public meeting is held at village Buthi of taluka Mirokhan by the local branch of Khilafat Committee. It is presided over by Qazi Abu-al-Hassan Azizullah. It has been notified by the Khilfat Committee that in response to its call for Non-Co-Operation, Haji Ghulam Rasool of village Mevo Jalbani, Mula Gul Muhammad of Daro, Warah and Din Muhammad of Badah have announced that they will not take Government grants for their Maktabs/Schools in future. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1925: Ban on Akhand Panth and pilgrimage to Gurdwara Gangar is lifted. Sikh Community is happy to see positive results of their struggle. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1925).
1939: A public meeting is held at Buthi Hakra by the local branch of Muslim League. It is presided over by Moulana Shah Muhammad. The meeting condemns the agitation of Hindus against Nazim of Hyderabad Dakkan. It demands the imposition of ban on selling of Quran by Bookstores run by Hindus. An appeal is also made to elected Sindh Assembly members from the District Larkano to join Muslim League. (Source: Newspapers).
1946: Sindh Assembly election results are declared. G.M.Syed in midist of strong opposition of All-India Muslim League returns un-opposed. Party-wise result is: Muslim League (27 Seats), Congress (21 Seats), G.M.Syed Group (04 Seats), Muslim Nationalists (04 Seats), Europeans (03 Seats).
1949: The property of Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto in Mombai is forfeited. When he was Nazim of Hyderabad Dakkan , he did his level to annex that State with Pakistan (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1953: Habi Ibrahim Rahmatullah is appointed Sindh Governor (Source: Newspapers).
1964: The Alliance named Combined Opposition Parties (COP) is formed by Council Muslim League, Jamait-i-Islami, National Awami Party and Nizam-i-Islam Party. (Source: Newspapers).
1988: Zia promise to hold general elections on November 16, addresses Pakistan Senate. (Source: ibd).


22nd July

1919: On the victory of the Allies, sincere and loyal Sindhi subjects send congratulation message to the Government of Bombay. They are: Parsaram Babumal Udesi of Jacobabad, Dhagchand Asardas Mukhtyarkar of Kambar; Dharamdas Bhagwandas of Nawalshah and Hindu Zamindar of Tayab, taluka Ratodero. (Source: The Bombay Government’s Notification).
1931: A student named Vasudev Balwant fires two revolver’s shots at Sir Earnest Hoston, the Governor of Bombay, when he was entering the Reading Room of Fergussion College, Poona. It was luck for the Governor, who is safe and bad luck for a brave boy, who is arrested on the spot. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1931).
1939: Speaker of Sindh Assembly, Syed Miran Muhammad Shah alongwith K.B.Muhammad Sidik Memon visits ‘Anjuman Himayat Islam’ office at Lahore. He wants to establish a Society/Anjuman in Sindh for Muslims. (Source: G.M.Syed’s book:’Rihan’).
1941: Both M.A.Jinnah and Gandhi react unfavourably to the Simla announcement regarding the expansion of the Viceroy’s Executive Council. ‘ It will not secure the whole hearted, willing and genuine support, if that is honestly required, of Muslim India’, say Jinnah. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1941).Three members of the Working Committee of Muslim League joined that Council, and one of that Chowdhri Zafarullah became the Foreign Minister of Pakistan !
1948: Karachi and other 5668 sq.miles are put under the control of the federal/Pakistan Government. An Ordinance is promulgated by the Governor General of Pakistan. (Source: Ordinance). This may kindly be noted that the Governor General, Quaid-i-Azam is in Ziyarat at eleventh hour of his age.
1950: Two sons of Soorih Badshah Shaheed Sabghatullah Pir Pagaro, are reaching Karachi.(Source: Newspapers). One of them takes over as Pir Pagaro later on. This may kindly be noted that in their absence from country, one influential man from Rashdi caste tried to become Pir Pagaro but, failed to get Government support.
1955: Ayub Khuhro is elected un-opposed as the member of Sindh Assembly from Tando Adam-Shapur constituency. (Source: Newspapers). The stage is being set for imposing One-Unit on Sindh. This may kindly be noted that Ayub Khuhro played vital role in the movement for separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency and he also played key role in annexing Sindh with Punjab and other provinces under the shadow of One-Unit.
1964: Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD) is formed by Turkey, Iran and Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers).
1989: Ethnic violence erupts in Sindh. Ten are shot dead in Hyderabad and one in Dadu. (Source :ibd).


23rd July

1843: The Governor-General of India writes to the Sindh Governor making enquiries and asking for some papers required in connection with the alleged cession to His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan of lands held by Mir Rustom Khan. (Source: The Governor-General’s letter No.260).
1846: The Governor-General of India asks the Sindh Governor to apprise him of the steps he will take for making and proposing Rules for administration of Civil Justice in Sindh (Source: Governor-General’s letter No.263).
1948: Karachi is now under control of the Pakistan Government. Hashim Raza is appointed first Administrator , where as Kazim Raza is made Inspector-General of Police. Sindhi nationalists fear about the future of their biggest city. Some of them blame that a ‘protected constituency’ is being managed with vote bank of Muhajreen. (Source: Newspapers).
1952: Muhajreen take out procession and encircle Prime Minister House in Karachi. They demand proper rehabilitation . (Source: Newspapers). 
1961: Alliance of Iran, Pakistan and Turkey can be misused against Soviet Union, doubts USSR. (Source: Newspapers).
1963: Ghulam Nabi Memon and Muhammad Khan Junijo are inducted in West Pakistan ministry (Source: Newspapers).
1973: Pakistan recognizes new Kabul regime led bu Daud. (Source: Newspapers).
1988: MRD rejects Ziz’s decision of non-party polls. (Source: ‘Source-Material on MRD’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


24th July

1925: Khadhar dress is made indispensable for Congress members in party meetings. Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee issues circular. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1925).
1939: Masjid Manzilgah Restoration Committee of the Sindh Muslim League , in its meeting held at Sukkur with Muhammad Ayub Khuhro condemns Sindh Government’s policy regarding Masjid Manzilgah issue and decides to observe ‘Masjid Manzilgah Day’ on 18th of August. (Source: Newspapers).
1946: A resolution opposing grooping of Sindh with Punjab is passed at a Conference held under the auspices of the Sindh Provincial Muslim League. Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi presiding. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1946).
1950: Muhajreen have submitted 60 applications for party tickets to contest election for Sindh Provincial Assembly.The number of application is not less than the number of applications submitted by Old Sindhis. The matter is discussed in the meeting of the Sindh Muslim League Parliamentary Board. Muhammad Ayub Khuhro is in chair.(Source: Newspapers).
1954: The Communist Party of Pakistan and its all branches are declared unlawful. (Source: ibd).
1964: Combined Opposition Parties (COP) in its meeting held at Dhaka decides to take part in the next election. The Alliance agree on a manifesto providing for Parliamentary system, Provincial Autonomy, Freedom of Judiciary and lifting ban on political parties.(Source: Newspapers).
1965: Moulana Bhashani of East Pakistan demands Pakistan’s withdrawal from CENTO, SEATO and military alliances. (Source: ibd).
1972: Conditions of Karachi are taking new shape. Peace will not be needed by some people. Violence erupts and curfew is imposed in many areas. The city opted for blood-bath from this year and will complete its half century very soon.


25th July

1938: Gandhi refuses to accept All-India Muslim League as the sole representative of the entire Muslim Population of India. He writes to Jinnah. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1938).
1940: Sir Haji Abdullah Haroon President of the Sindh Provincial Muslim League in the course of a statement to press from Lahore, declares that Mr. Jinnah has committed no crime in calling spade a spade; our province whole-heartedly supports the stand he has taken in dealing with Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1940).
1947: Lord Mountbatten asks Chamber of Princes to take into account consideration such as the geographical location, economic and strategic factors and wishes of people in arriving at decision whether to accede to India or Pakistan. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11,1947).
1966: N.M.Uqueli is appointed as Finance Minister of Pakistan.(Source: Newspapers).
1974: I will not order for withdrawal of military or to stop operation in Balochistan as it will be taken and termed as weakness of the Government, says Z.A.Bhutto (Source: Newspapers).
1978: A White Paper ‘Conduct of General election in March 1977, by Z.A.Bhutto Government’, is issued by the Government of Pakistan. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


26th July

1840: The Government of Bombay asks Captain Robert Oliver, Superintendent of Indian Navy to draft Rules & Regulation for Steam Flotilla on the Indus. (Source: The Bombay Government’s letter, dated 26th July 1840). This may kindly be noted that later on Steam Communication between Karachi and Mulatan was established but, in 1857 it was stopped due to Persian Expedition.
1950: Indian Muslim Migrants take out procession demanding their proper rehabilitation. (Source: Newspapers).
1954: Restrictions are imposed on undue movement /activities of Russian diplomats in Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers).
1955: Red Shirt politicians will not be allowed to launch movement against One-Unit, declares Major General Iskandar Mirza, Home Minister of Pakistan. (Resources: ibd).
1965: American diplomats are free to contact any politician and record his opinion on vital issues relating to Pakistan. Government takes notice and asks them to refrain from such activities. (Source: Ibd).
1972: Indian cabinet approves Simla Agreement. Though, it is a big achievement of PPP Government but, Bhutto faces serious probles. Simla Agreement is being criticized in Punjab and Sindh is burning due to language riots. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1996: 15-party’s opposition alliance finalizes pla


27th July

1843: The Government of India asks Sindh Governor to furnish with sketch of the country between Sabzalkot and Rohri showing the several district possessions of ex-Rulers and their value and indicating also the several Pargnas if any, belonging to Mir Ali Murad Khan and those attached to ‘Turban’ so as to enable Governor-General to decide what portion of the country be assigned to the Nawab of Bahawalpur. (Govt. of India’s Letter No 258).
1857: The Bombay Government is taking into consideration two proposals regarding improvement of communication in Sindh. Lieutenant-General Jacob is insisting on Trunk road from Shikarpur to Karachi, whereas another proposal is to construct bridge over Indus. The Sindh Commissioner favours the construction of bridge. (Source: Commissioner’s letter No.184).
1929: A Conference of a new party, called ‘the All-India Muslim Nationalist Party’ is held at Allahabad under the presidency of Moulana Abul Kalam Azad. The object are to promote among Muslims a spirit of Nationalism, to develop a mentality above communalism, and to inspire greater confidence in Indian National Ideas (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1929).
1941: J.B.Kriplani, (Sindhi) General Secretary of the Congress, laid emphasis on the aspect of construction work by Satyagarahis as well as by those Congressmen, who did not sign the pledge, in the course of a circular issued to the several Congress Committees in the country. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1941).
1952: Anti-Qadyani demonstration in Lahore is teargassed.They were demanding resignation of Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Chowdri Zafarullah Khan and declaring Qadiyanis as a minority. (Source: Newspapers).
1955: One-Unit scheme to be executed within two weeks, declares Iskandar Mirza. (Source: ibd).
1972: Sindhis have never opposed Urdu. History is witness to their hospitality during the days of large scale migration of Muhajreen from India, Z.A.Bhutto advocates Sindhis non-aggressive approach and deplores language riots. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1973: Jamait-i-Islami opposes recognition of Bangladesh, and JUI demands making Hamood-u-Rahman Commission Report public. Bhutto is being encircled by opposition (Source:Newspapers)).
1984: Majlas-i-Shora of Zia regime approves Qisas, Diyat Ordinance. (Source: ibd).


28th July

1909: Anjuman Momenin of Karachi requests Rais Ghulam Muhammad Bhurgri to head the Anjuman as its President. (Source: The Daily Sindh Gazette, Karachi)
1920: Responding the call of Sindh Khilafat not to co-operate with the Government, following Khilafat workers of Larkano District tender their resignation from Government service. They are: Allah Bux (Primary Teacher, School Mangwani), Jahan Khan , Muhammad Hussain; Imdad Ali ; Hout Khan; Soomar; Haji Ahmad,; Mureed Ahmad; Muhammad Bux (All from Police Department, Kambar), Muhammad Musa (Kotwal, Kambar), Noor Muhammad (Kotwal, Kambar). Sirai Muhammad Khan Gopang and Sirai Allahdino Siyal resigned as member of the Kambar Municipality.(Source: Newspapers). 
1934: 4th Sindh Azad Conference is held at Karachi and it is presided over by Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah. The object of the Conference is to make the public opinion in favour of the separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency.(Source: The Daily Sindh Gazette,Karachi). This may kindly be noted that prior to this three Conferences were held on 18th of April, 1932 (At Karachi with Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi in chair), on 15th of November, 1932 (At Hyderabad with Allama Yousif Ali of Punjab in chair) and on 26th of April, 1934 (At Sukkur with K.B.Pir Bux in chair).
1969: Swat, Dir and Chitral are annexed to West Pakistan (Source: ibd).
1977: All political leaders including Z.A.Bhutto and Moulana Mufti are released. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto Family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


29th July

1843: Captain Young is appointed as Judge Advocate for Sindh. (Source: Governor-General’s letter/order No.267).
1849: Major Jacob informs the Sindh Commissioner that the boundary between the territories of His Highness the Khan of Kelat and Mir Ali Murad Khan Talpur of Khairpur has been settled by arbitration to the satisfaction of the parties concerned. (Source: Jacob’s letter No. 160).
1857: The Collector of Shikarpur furnishes a statement to the Sindh Commissioner showing the sums released from the ferries between Sukkur and Rohri and between Sadar Bazar and Peer Subra. This may kindly be noted that in those days ferries were the source of transportation and communication between places cited above. (Source: The Collector’s letter No.241). 
1948: NWFP Muslim League blames the provincial Government that it is not taking the notice of anti-country activities of Khan Abdul Ghafar Khan. (Source: Newspapers).
1954: K-2, the world’s second highest mountain is conqured by an Italian expedition led by Professor Desio. (Source: Newspapers). What a difference is between professors of other countries and professors of my province, and attitude/policies of other Governments and Governments of this countries !
1960: President Ayub lays the foundation stone of the Mausoleum of the Quaid-i-Azam at Karachi. (Source: ibd).
1972: G.M.Syed terms Language Bill against the interests of Sindh and Sindhis. (Source: Newspapers).
1973: Pir Pagaro is elected president of combined Muslim League. Mumtaz Doultana and Sardar Shoukat Hayat are expelled from party for siding PPP. (Source: ibd).
1977: Hearing starts regarding the petition of Ahmad Raza Kasuri about murder of his father. (Source: ibd).
1996: Fifteen new federal minister and ministers of State including Asif Zardari take oath of their offices.


30th July

1857: The Collector of Upper Sindh request Sindh Commissioner for approval and sanction of the construction of a cause way at Rohri. The estimated cost is told as Rs.3,300 and it is pointed out that expenditure be met partly from the Ferry Fund and partly from municipal funds. (Source: The Collector’s letter No.242)
1920: The Hyderabad District Congress Committee decides by 17 to 10 votes to recommend the principle of Non-Co-Operation to the Special Indian Congress. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Congress’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1954: Tribunal constituted to probe into anti-Qayani riots completes it job. The report is submitted to the Punjab Government. (Source: Newspapers).
1969: Government relaxes restrictions on activities of political parties which can hold indoor meetings of Working Committees and Conventions also. (Source: ibd).
1978: Bhutto Government demaged name, fame and democratic norms of the country, polls after accountablity, says Lt. General Chishti. (Source: ibd).
1993: Pakistan has the technical capacity to manufacture a nuclear device. Caretaker Prime Minister Moeen Qureshi tells Vice President of U.S.A in Washington. (Source: ibd).
1996: Transport strike to protest against imposition of new taxes paralyses life in Pakistan. (Source: ibd).


31st July

1920: Traffic Manager of Railways is approached by ‘Hijrat Committee’ to hire special train for Sindhi migrants . The Committee is asked to furnish information about the numbers of passengers, date of departure and other information. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi)
The Daily Al-Wahid is in trouble and is not in position to pay required amount of Security. Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi sold jewellery of his wife in Rs.50 to contribute towards fund. (Source: ibd)
1966: Six opposition parties evolve a common program for the restoration of Democracy. Meeting is held at Rawalpindi with Noor-ul-Amin in chair. (Source: Newspapers)



Good Wishes